Nibong Tebal

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Nibong Tebal
Other transcription(s)
 • Chinese高渊
Nibong Tebal, Penang.jpg
Nibong Tebal is located in Penang
Nibong Tebal
Nibong Tebal
Coordinates: 5°10′10.2″N 100°28′42.5994″E / 5.169500°N 100.478499833°E / 5.169500; 100.478499833Coordinates: 5°10′10.2″N 100°28′42.5994″E / 5.169500°N 100.478499833°E / 5.169500; 100.478499833
Country Malaysia
State Penang
DistrictSouth Seberang Perai
 • Local governmentSeberang Perai Municipal Council
 • President of Seberang PeraiRozali Mohamud
 • Jawi State AssemblymanH’ng Mooi Lye (DAP)
 • Nibong Tebal Member of ParliamentMansor Othman (PKR)
 • Total2,045
Time zoneUTC+8 (MST)
 • Summer (DST)Not observed
Postal code
14300, 14320
Area code(s)+6045

Nibong Tebal is a town within the South Seberang Perai District in Seberang Perai, Penang, Malaysia. Located at the northern bank of the Kerian River, it is the southernmost major town within Penang. Nibong Tebal contained a population of 2,045 as of 2010.[1]

Founded as an agricultural village, Nibong Tebal now houses light industries as well, including one of Malaysia's largest manufacturers of paper products.[2][3] It also the headquarters of the Malaysian pulp and paper company, Nibong Tebal Paper Mill.


A boat in Nibong Tebal in the 1900s

The town of Nibong Tebal had been in existence since the early 19th century as an agricultural village. Sugar harvesting formed the mainstay of Nibong Tebal's economy during its early years; the industry was dominated by the Europeans due to their technological superiority.[4][5] By the mid-19th century, Penang Sugar Estates Limited, which was based in Nibong Tebal, became the largest producer of sugar within Province Wellesley (now Seberang Perai).[4][5] Upon the death of its owner, Edward Horsman, the Ramsden family, one of Britain's richest families, acquired the company.[4][6] European influence in Nibong Tebal soon permeated into the town's social fabric, with the arrival of Catholic missionaries in the late 19th century.[5]

By then, Nibong Tebal had attracted significant numbers of Chinese immigrants. A Taoist temple had been built within the town in 1866.[7][8] The town also became a stronghold of the Ghee Hin Kongsi, one of the active Chinese secret societies in Penang at the time.[5]

In 1900, the nascent railway line between Perai and Bukit Mertajam was extended to Nibong Tebal, and by 1902, the railroad was joined to Perak's new railway line as well.[9] This boosted Nibong Tebal's new role as a transportation hub, a role which was maintained until the 1930s.[8] The completion of a road bridge across the Kerian River led to Nibong Tebal's decline as a transportation hub.


Ethnic composition of Nibong Tebal (2010)[10]
Ethnicities / Nationality Percentage
Other Bumiputeras

As of 2010, Nibong Tebal had a population of 2,045.[1] Ethnic Chinese accounted for more than ​ 710 of the population, followed by the Indians at nearly 19% and the Malays at 7%.


The Federal Route 1, a major trunk road along western Peninsular Malaysia, runs through the heart of Nibong Tebal. It stretches across the Kerian River and is connected to Jalan Transkrian, which leads to the neighbourhood of Transkerian to the south.

The Nibong Tebal railway station is one of the stops along the Malayan Railway's Electric Train Service route along western Peninsular Malaysia.

Rapid Penang's bus routes 801, 802 and 803 link Nibong Tebal with other towns within Seberang Perai, including Butterworth, Perai and Bukit Mertajam.[11][12][13] These routes are complemented by Rapid Penang's Congestion Alleviation Transport (CAT), a free-of-charge transit service within Nibong Tebal.[14] In addition, the town is served by two of Rapid Penang's interstate services, namely route 804 and Intercity Parit Buntar; both routes connect Nibong Tebal with the town of Parit Buntar in the neighbouring state of Perak.[15][16]


Nibong Tebal contains eight primary schools, three high schools, an Islamic religious school and one government-run vocational college.

Primary schools

  • SRK Nibong Tebal[17]
  • SRK Seri Sentosa[18]
  • SRK Sungai Kechil[19]
  • Nibong Tebal Methodist Primary School[20]
  • SRJK (C) Pai Teik[21]
  • SRJK (T) Nibong Tebal[22]
  • SRJK (T) Ladang Byram[23]
  • SRJK (T) Ladang Krian[24]

High schools

  • Nibong Tebal Methodist School[20]
  • SMK Seri Nibong[25]
  • SMK Tunku Abdul Rahman[26]

Islamic school

  • SMKA Nibong Tebal[27]

Vocational college

  • Kolej Vokasional Nibong Tebal[28]

In addition, there are two government-run tertiary institutes, namely the Arumugam Pillai Industrial Training Institute and Institut Kemahiran Tinggi PERDA.[29][30]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "Key Summary Statistics For Local Authority Areas, Malaysia 2010" (PDF). Department of Statistics, Malaysia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2015. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
  2. ^ "Review for Nibong Tebal, Seberang Perai". PropSocial. Retrieved 2018-04-02.
  3. ^ "NTPM to diversify current product base - Business News | The Star Online". Retrieved 2018-04-02.
  4. ^ a b c "Let Them Not Crumble". Let Them Not Crumble. Retrieved 2018-04-02.
  5. ^ a b c d Lees, Lynn Hollen (2017). Planting Empire, Cultivating Subjects. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9781107038400.
  6. ^ "myPenang". Retrieved 2018-04-02.
  7. ^ "Restoration plans for temple - Community | The Star Online". Retrieved 2018-04-02.
  8. ^ a b "The heyday is gone". Retrieved 2018-04-02.
  9. ^ Chan, Nicholas. "The History of Bukit Mertajam (1800-1957): From Agrarian Town to Central Hub of Northern Malaya".
  10. ^ "Population Distribution and Demography" (PDF). Malaysian Department of Statistics. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 November 2013.
  11. ^
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^ "Buletin Mutiara". Retrieved 2018-04-01.
  15. ^
  16. ^
  17. ^ "SK NIBONG TEBAL - PULAU PINANG - Carian Sekolah Malaysia". (in Malay). Retrieved 2018-04-02.
  18. ^ "SK SERI SENTOSA - PULAU PINANG - Carian Sekolah Malaysia". (in Malay). Retrieved 2018-04-02.
  19. ^ "SK SUNGAI KECHIL - PULAU PINANG - Carian Sekolah Malaysia". (in Malay). Retrieved 2018-04-02.
  20. ^ a b "Former students come to the rescue - Community | The Star Online". Retrieved 2018-04-02.
  21. ^ "SJK(C) PAI TEIK - PULAU PINANG - Carian Sekolah Malaysia". (in Malay). Retrieved 2018-04-02.
  22. ^ Zabidi, Nor Diana. "Portal Rasmi Kerajaan Negeri Pulau Pinang - Majlis Penyampaian Cek Bantuan Kewangan Kepada Sekolah-Sekolah Tamil Negeri Pulau Pinang Tahun 2015". Retrieved 2018-04-02.
  23. ^ "SJK(T) LDG BYRAM - PULAU PINANG - Carian Sekolah Malaysia". (in Malay). Retrieved 2018-04-02.
  24. ^ "Tamil schools get aid for upgrades and repairs - Metro News | The Star Online". Retrieved 2018-04-02.
  25. ^ "SMK SERI NIBONG - PULAU PINANG - Carian Sekolah Malaysia". (in Malay). Retrieved 2018-04-02.
  26. ^ "SMK TUNKU ABDUL RAHMAN - PULAU PINANG - Carian Sekolah Malaysia". (in Malay). Retrieved 2018-04-02.
  27. ^ "SMKA NIBONG TEBAL - PULAU PINANG - Carian Sekolah Malaysia". (in Malay). Retrieved 2018-04-02.
  29. ^ "UTAMA". Retrieved 2018-04-02.
  30. ^ "Laman Web Rasmi PERDA-TECH". Retrieved 2018-04-02.