Nicanor (son of Parmenion)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Nicanor /nˈknər/ (Greek: Nικάνωρ Nikā́nōr; died 330 BC), son of Parmenion, was a distinguished officer in the service of Alexander the Great. He is first mentioned at the passage of the Danube river, in the expedition of Alexander against the Getae, 335 , when he led the phalanx.[1] But during the expedition into Asia he appears to have uniformly held the chief command of the body of troops called the Hypaspists (υπασπισται) or foot-guards, numbering three units of 1,000 men. As his brother Philotas did that of the εταιρoι, or horse-guards. We find him mentioned, as holding this post, in the three great battles of the Granicus, of Issus, and of Gaugamela. He afterwards accompanied Alexander with a part of the troops under his command, during the rapid march of the king in pursuit of the king Darius III Codomannus in 330; which was probably his last service, as he died of disease shortly afterwards, during the advance of Alexander into Bactria. His death at this juncture was considered a fortunate event, as it prevented him from participating either in the designs or the fate of his brother Philotas.[2]


  1. ^ Arrian, Anabasis Alexandri, i. 4
  2. ^ Arrian, i. 14, ii. 8, iii. 11, 21, 25; Curtius Rufus, Historiae Alexandri Magni, iii. 24, iv. 50, v. 37, vi. 22; Diodorus Siculus, Bibliotheca, xvii. 57


 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1870). "article name needed". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.