Nicarchus or Nicarch was a Greek poet and writer of the 1st century AD, best known for his epigrams, of which forty-two survive under his name in the Greek Anthology, and his satirical poetry. He was a contemporary of, and influence on, the better-known Latin writer Martial. A large proportion of his epigrams are directed against doctors. Some of his writings have been found at Oxyrhynchus in Egypt.
A fragment of Nicarchus:
- The gloom of death is on the raven’s wing,
- The song of death is in the raven’s cries:
- But when Demophilus begins to sing,
- The raven dies.
Nicarchus is also the name of a character in a play of Aristophanes, The Acharnanians.
Nicarchus was also the name of a Paeonian king, known only from his issuing of a coin. He was perhaps of the late 4th century BC.
- Poems by Nicarchus English translations
- Nicarchus: translation of all surviving epigrams at attalus.org; adapted from W.R.Paton (1916–18)