Niccolò I Ludovisi (1610 – 25 December 1664) was Prince of Piombino from 1634 until his death, along his military and diplomatic career he was known and recorded in historical documents as Commander Niccolò da Candia[full citation needed], for his engagement in the Venetian colony of Crete, the Duchy of Candia
He was the son of Orazio Ludovisi, patrician of Bologna and commander-in-chief of the Papal Army (as well as brother of Pope Gregory XV), and Lavinia Albergati. He was the nephew of later-Cardinal Niccolò Albergati-Ludovisi. He was a brother of Ludovico Ludovisi who was made a cardinal by their uncle the pope.
Marriages and legacy
Ludovisi was married three times.
- Lavinia (1627–1634), died in childhood
- Gregorio Filippo (1633-c.1637), died in childhood
- Giovan Battista (1647–1699), Prince of Piombino from 1664
- Olimpia (1656–1700), Princess of Piombino (1700), unmarried
- Lavinia (1659–1682), married Giangirolamo, Duke of Atri but had no issue
- Ippolita (1663–1733), Princess of Piombino (1700–1733), married Gregorio II Boncompagni and had issue
- Niccolo (c.1664-1665), died in infancy
After his participation in the Ottoman-Venetian war of Crete, Niccolò was greatly financially compensated for his involvement as Commander and Admiral, becoming known as Commander Niccolò da Candia, and eventually recognized by the noble title of Prince in 1634 after paying the large amount of one million gold florins. After all, he also inherited his father's titles, becoming marquis of Populonia and duke of Fiano.
- Jaitner, p. 167
- Istoria della famiglia Trinci, nella quale si narrano l'origine, genealogia, Creta, "Niccolò Ludovisi da Candia", By Durante Dorio, Adam, 1897 Edition; National Library of Lyon, France
- Ludwig von Pastor, History of the Popes, vol. 27, London 1938, p. 66.
- The Scented Salamander: Archived 2010-05-28 at the Wayback Machine Prince Niccolò I Ludovisi
Klaus Jaitner, Die Hauptinstruktionen Gregors XV.: Für die Nuntien und Gesandten an den europäischen Fürstenhöfen, 1621-1623, Bibliothek des Deutsches Historisches Institut in Rom, Max Niemeyer Verlag, 1997, pp. 167–178. ISBN 3-484-80146-8, ISBN 978-3-484-80146-2