The Nice Observatory
|Location||Mont Gros, Nice, France|
|Altitude||372 m (1,220 ft)|
|Related media on Wikimedia Commons|
The Nice Observatory (French: Observatoire de Nice) is an astronomical observatory located in Nice, France on the summit of Mount Gros. The observatory was founded in 1879, by the banker Raphaël Bischoffsheim. The architect was Charles Garnier, and Gustave Eiffel designed the main dome.
The 77 cm (30 in) refractor telescope made by Henry and Gautier became operational around 1886–1887, was the largest in a privately funded observatory, and the first at such high altitude (325 m or 1,066 ft above sea level). It was slightly bigger in aperture, several metres longer, and located at a higher altitude than the new (1895) 76 cm (30 in) at Pulkovo observatory in the Russian Empire, and the 68 cm (27 in) at Vienna Observatory (completed early 1880s). In the records for the largest refracting telescopes all three were outperformed by the 91 cm (36 in) refractor installed at the Lick Observatory at 1,283 m altitude in 1889.
- Henri Perrotin (1880–1904)
- General J. A. L. Bassot (1904–1917)
- Gaston Fayet (1917–1962)
- Jean-Claude Pecker (1962–1969)
- Philippe Delache (1969–1972)
- Jean-Paul Zahn (1972–1975)
- Philippe Delache (1975)
- Jean-Paul Zahn (1975–1989)
- Philippe Delache (1989–1994)
- José Pacheco (1994–1999)
- Jacques Colin (1999–2009)
- Farrokh Vakili (2009–2015)
- Thierry Lanz (since 2015)
The 77-centimetre (30 in) refractor at Nice Observatory, when built the world's largest, longest, and highest refracting telescope 
- List of largest optical refracting telescopes
- List of largest optical reflecting telescopes
- List of observatories
- The Observatory, "Large Telescopes", Page 248
- British university observatories, 1772–1939 By Roger Hutchins;page 252
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- "Case Newsletter". Cooperation on Archives of Science in Europe. University of Bath. April 2001. Archived from the original on 7 February 2007. Retrieved 23 July 2010.
- Jean-Claude Pecker; Jayant Vishnu Narlikar, eds. (2006). Current issues in cosmology. Cambridge University Press. p. i. ISBN 978-0-521-85898-4. Retrieved 23 July 2010.
- Bonnet, R. M. (1996). Janine Provost, Francois-Xavier Schmider, ed. "The scientific achievements of Ph. Delache". Sounding solar and stellar interiors. Dordrecht Kluwer Academic Publishers: 222. Bibcode:1997IAUS..181..221B. ISBN 0792348389.