Nicholas

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Nicholas
Gheorghe Tattarescu - Sfantul Nicolae.jpg
Pronunciation/ˈnɪkələs/
GenderMale
Origin
Word/nameGreek
MeaningVictory of the people
Other names
DerivedΝικόλαος (Nikolaos), a combination of Greek words "victory" (νίκη; nikē) and "people" (λαός; laos)
See alsoNicolas, Niccolò, Nikolaos, Nikolay/Nikolaj/Nicolay/Nicolae, Nicolau/Nicolao Nicola/Nikola/Nikolla, Nikollë, Nicole/Nicolle/Nichole, Nico, Nikos, Nikita, Nicanor, Nicander

Nicholas, Nickolas, Nikolas, Nikolaus or Nicolas is a male given name, derived from the Greek name Νικόλαος (Nikolaos), understood to mean victory of the people being a compound of νίκη nikē "victory"[1] and λαός laos "people".[2] An ancient[2] paretymology of the latter is that originates from λᾶς las (contracted form of λᾶας laas) meaning "stone" or "rock",[3] as in Greek Mythology, Deucalion and Pyrrha recreated the people after they had vanished in a catastrophic deluge, by throwing stones behind their shoulders while they kept marching on.

The name became popular through Saint Nicholas, Bishop of Myra in Lycia, the inspiration for Santa Claus, but it predates said Bishop by several centuries: the Athenian historian Thucydides for example, mentions that in the second year of the Peloponnesian War (431 to 404 BC) between Sparta and Athens, the Spartans sent a delegation to the Persian king to ask for his help to fight the Athenians; a certain Nikolaos was one of the delegates.[4] The customary English version of spelling "Nicholas", using a "ch", as if the word were spelled in Greek with a chi, first came into use in the 12th century and has been firmly established since the Reformation, though "Nicolas" is occasionally used.

In the United States, Nicholas – and its variations – was the 17th most popular male name given to babies in 2006. Roughly 0.7151% of the baby boys born that year, or 15,414, were given that name. It is decreasing in popularity, from a high in 1997, when 27,248 males in the United States were given the name Nicholas. That year was the most popular year for Nicholas since 1880, when U.S. records were kept for given names.[5]

The Eastern Orthodox Church, the Roman Catholic Church, and the Anglican Churches celebrate Saint Nicholas every year on December 6, which is the name day for "Nicholas". In Greece, the name and its derivatives are especially popular in maritime regions, as St. Nicholas is considered the protector saint of seafarers.

Male variations[edit]

Variations for males include:[6][7]

Female forms[edit]

Female forms include:[6]

  • Bulgarian: Николина (Nikolina), Николета (Nikoleta), Никол (Nikol), Нина (Nina)
  • Czech: Nikol, Nikoleta, Nikola, Nicol
  • Dutch: Klasina, Klazina, Nicole, Nicolien, Nicolet, Nicoline
  • Danish: Nikoline
  • English: Nicole/Nichole, Nicola/Nichola, Nicolette, Colette
  • French: Colette, Coline, Nicole, Nicolette, Nicoline, Cosette
  • German: Nicole, Nikole, Nicola, Nikola
  • Greek: Νίκη (Níkē, a conflation with Níke), Νικολέτα (Nikoléta), Νικολίνα (Νikolína)
  • Hungarian: Nikolett
  • Italian: Nicoletta, Nicole, Nicolina
  • Macedonian: Nikolina
  • Norwegian: Nilsine, Nicoline
  • Polish: Nikola
  • Portuguese: Nicolina
  • Romanian: Niculina, Nicoleta
  • Scottish: Nicola, Nicholas (Lowlands 18th/19th century)
  • Serbo-Croatian: Nikolija (archaic), Nikolina, Nikoleta
  • Slovak: Nikola, Nikoleta
  • Slovene: Nika
  • Spanish: Nicolasa, Nicoleta, Nicole

People known as Nicholas[edit]

Single name (rulers, popes, patriarch and antipopes)[edit]

Given (first) name[edit]

Nobility[edit]

Saints[edit]

Surname[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ νίκη. Liddell, Henry George; Scott, Robert; A Greek–English Lexicon at the Perseus Project.
  2. ^ a b λαός in Liddell and Scott.
  3. ^ λᾶας in Liddell and Scott.
  4. ^ Thucydides. "2.67". History of the Peloponnesian War. At the Perseus Project digital library.
  5. ^ US Social Security Administration, http://www.ssa.gov/OACT/babynames/
  6. ^ a b Behind the Name – the Etymology and History of First Names
  7. ^ Nordic Names
  8. ^ http://www.turukdergisi.com/Makaleler/551162954_13.Z.Kirillova%2064-70.pdf