Nicholas County, West Virginia

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Nicholas County, West Virginia
Nicholas County Courthouse Summersville.jpg
The Nicholas County Courthouse in Summersville in 2007
Map of West Virginia highlighting Nicholas County
Location in the U.S. state of West Virginia
Map of the United States highlighting West Virginia
West Virginia's location in the U.S.
Founded January 30, 1818
Named for Wilson Cary Nicholas
Seat Summersville
Largest city Summersville
Area
 • Total 654 sq mi (1,694 km2)
 • Land 647 sq mi (1,676 km2)
 • Water 7.6 sq mi (20 km2), 1.2%
Population (est.)
 • (2015) 25,594
 • Density 40/sq mi (15/km²)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.nicholascountywv.org
One of several markers designating the border between Nicholas and Greenbrier counties along Greenbrier Road near Richwood. Older stone survey markers are located a few feet behind the modern highway sign.

Nicholas County is a county located in the U.S. state of West Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 26,233.[1] Its county seat is Summersville.[2] The county was created in 1818 by the Virginia General Assembly and named for Virginia Governor Wilson Cary Nicholas.[3]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 654 square miles (1,690 km2), of which 647 square miles (1,680 km2) is land and 7.6 square miles (20 km2) (1.2%) is water.[4]

Major highways[edit]

Battlefields[edit]

Carnifex Ferry Battlefield, Keslers Cross Lanes

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 1,853
1830 3,346 80.6%
1840 2,515 −24.8%
1850 3,963 57.6%
1860 4,627 16.8%
1870 4,458 −3.7%
1880 7,223 62.0%
1890 9,309 28.9%
1900 11,403 22.5%
1910 17,699 55.2%
1920 20,717 17.1%
1930 20,686 −0.1%
1940 24,070 16.4%
1950 27,696 15.1%
1960 25,414 −8.2%
1970 22,552 −11.3%
1980 28,126 24.7%
1990 26,775 −4.8%
2000 26,562 −0.8%
2010 26,233 −1.2%
Est. 2015 25,594 [5] −2.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790–1960[7] 1900–1990[8]
1990–2000[9] 2010–2015[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 26,562 people, 10,722 households, and 7,762 families residing in the county. The population density was 41 people per square mile (16/km²). There were 12,406 housing units at an average density of 19 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.84% White, 0.05% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.10% from other races, and 0.55% from two or more races. 0.48% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 10,722 households out of which 30.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.70% were married couples living together, 10.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.60% were non-families. 24.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.30% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 27.60% from 25 to 44, 26.00% from 45 to 64, and 15.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 95.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $26,974, and the median income for a family was $32,074. Males had a median income of $30,508 versus $17,964 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,207. About 15.00% of families and 19.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.40% of those under age 18 and 13.80% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 26,233 people, 10,938 households, and 7,591 families residing in the county.[11] The population density was 40.6 inhabitants per square mile (15.7/km2). There were 13,064 housing units at an average density of 20.2 per square mile (7.8/km2).[12] The racial makeup of the county was 98.4% white, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.2% black or African American, 0.1% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.6% of the population.[11] In terms of ancestry, 21.7% were Irish, 19.0% were German, 12.9% were English, and 10.1% were American.[13]

Of the 10,938 households, 28.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.8% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.6% were non-families, and 26.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.85. The median age was 43.3 years.[11]

The median income for a household in the county was $38,457 and the median income for a family was $45,127. Males had a median income of $42,302 versus $25,859 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,359. About 14.3% of families and 18.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.5% of those under age 18 and 12.3% of those age 65 or over.[14]

Politics[edit]

Presidential election results[15]
Year Republican Democrat
2012 67.09% 5,898 30.30% 2,664
2008 51.32% 4,804 46.54% 4,357
2004 52.99% 5,485 46.26% 4,788
2000 50.81% 4,359 47.31% 4,059

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 10, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ http://www.wvculture.org/history/counties/nicholas.html
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved July 30, 2015. 
  5. ^ "County Totals Dataset: Population, Population Change and Estimated Components of Population Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 10, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 10, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 10, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 10, 2014. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  11. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-04-03. 
  12. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-04-03. 
  13. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-04-03. 
  14. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-04-03. 
  15. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved 2016-04-07. 

Further reading[edit]

  • William Griffee Brown, History of Nicholas County West Virginia. Richmond, VA: Dietz Press, 1954.
  • A.J. Legg, A History of Panther Mountain Community (Nicholas County, West Virginia). Morgantown, WV: Agricultural Extension Division, 1930.
  • Nicholas County Historical and Genealogical Society, Nicholas County History. Summersville, WV: Nicholas County Historical and Genealogical Society, 1985.
  • Nicholas County Historical and Genealogical Society, Nicholas County, West Virginia, History 1985 Book Index. Summersville, WV: Nicholas County Historical and Genealogical Society, 1992.
  • Nicholas County, e-WV: The West Virginia Encyclopedia. Charleston: West Virginia Humanities Council, 2012.

Coordinates: 38°17′N 80°48′W / 38.29°N 80.80°W / 38.29; -80.80