Nicholas Lechmere, 1st Baron Lechmere

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For other people named Nicholas Lechmere, see Nicholas Lechmere (disambiguation).

Nicholas Lechmere, 1st Baron Lechmere PC (5 August 1675 – 18 June 1727) was an English lawyer and politician who served as Attorney-General and Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster.


He was educated at Merton College, Oxford, and was called to the bar as a member of Middle Temple in 1698. He took silk in 1708.[1]

He entered Parliament in 1708 as Member for Appleby, and subsequently also represented Cockermouth and Tewkesbury. In 1714 he was appointed Solicitor-General. In 1718, he was appointed Attorney-General and also became a Privy Counsellor and Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. On 4 September 1721, having ceased to be attorney-general, he was raised to the peerage as Baron Lechmere of Evesham in the County of Worcester.[2]

Lechmere was also a collaborator with Richard Steele on his pamphlet The Crisis.[1]

He died from a sudden attack of apoplexy, while seated at table, at Campden House, Kensington, on 18 June 1727, and was buried at Hanley Castle, where there is a tablet inscribed to his memory. [1]


Elizabeth Howard (1701-1739) (George Knapton, circa 1830)

He married Lady Elizabeth Howard, daughter of Charles Howard, 3rd Earl of Carlisle, but they had no children and his title became extinct on his death in 1727.


  1. ^ a b c Walford 1892.
  2. ^ "no. 5984". The London Gazette. 22 August 1721. p. 1. 

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainWalford, Edward (1892). "Lechmere, Nicholas (1675-1727)". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography. 32. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 

External links[edit]

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
James Grahme
William Harvey
Member of Parliament for Appleby
with Edward Duncombe

Succeeded by
Edward Duncombe
Thomas Lutwyche
Preceded by
James Stanhope
Albemarle Bertie
Member of Parliament for Cockermouth
with James Stanhope 1710–1713
Joseph Musgrave 1713–1715
James Stanhope 1715–1717
Sir Thomas Pengelly 1717

Succeeded by
Sir Thomas Pengelly
Lord Percy Seymour
Preceded by
William Dowdeswell
Anthony Lechmere
Member of Parliament for Tewkesbury
with William Dowdeswell

Succeeded by
William Dowdeswell
The Viscount Gage
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
New creation
Baron Lechmere
Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by
Sir Robert Raymond
Succeeded by
John Fortescue Aland
Preceded by
Sir Edward Northey
Succeeded by
Sir Robert Raymond
Preceded by
The Earl of Scarbrough
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
Succeeded by
The Duke of Rutland