Nicholas Revett (1721–1804) was a British architect. He is sometimes described as an amateur architect, but he played an important role in the revival of Greek architecture.
He died in London, and was buried in Brandeston.
Revet met James Stuart in Italy where they had gone to further their artistic education. They decided to travel on to Greece. According to the Dictionary of National Biography, they became acquainted with Sir James Gray, K.B., the British resident at Venice, prior to visiting Greece, and through his agency, they were elected members of the Society of Dilettanti in London. The Society was founded by men including Gray who had been on the Grand Tour) and its patronage was to prove important to Revett.
The Antiquities of Athens
In England Revett and Stuart prepared their work for publication and found subscribers for The Antiquities of Athens. The first volume, in which the authors are described as "painters and architects", appeared in 1762. The fourth appeared posthumously in 1816, the year the Elgin marbles were acquired by the British government. The illustrations include 368 etched and engraved plates, plans and maps drawn at scale. The accuracy of Revett and Stuart's work makes their survey the first of its kind in studies of ancient Greece, although their French rival Julien-David Le Roy published his book about ancient Greek monuments Les Ruines des plus beaux bâtiments de la Grèce before The Antiquities of Athens.
Revett took part in a second expedition in the 1760s. He travelled with Richard Chandler and others to Greece and Ionia under the auspices of the Society of Dilettanti. (He appears to have fallen out with Stuart after the publication of the first volume of The Antiquities of Athens). The brief, drawn up 17 May 1764 was that the travellers make Smyrna their headquarters, and from there "..to make excursions to the several remains of antiquity in that neighborhood; to make exact plans and measurements, to make accurate drawings of the bas-reliefs and ornaments..copying all the inscriptions you shall meet with, and keeping minute diaries."
Buildings by Nicholas Revett
There are not many buildings attributed to Revett. This may be because he was sufficiently well-off not to have to earn his living, although he is said to have experienced "pecuniary difficulties" towards the end of his life.
Revett designed two 'Greek' additions to English country houses which arguably commenced the British 'Greek Revivalist' period in architecture from the 1760s. Both owners were members of the Society of Dilettanti. The properties in question were:
Also, Ayot St Lawrence Church, Hertfordshire (a building of the 1770s) has been singled out for mention, for example by Revett's obituarist in The Gentleman's Magazine, and by Lionel Cust in the Dictionary of National Biography.
- with James Stuart: The Antiquities of Athens (1762).
- Richard Chandler, Nicholas Revett: Travels in Asia Minor and Greece.
- Richard Chandler, Nicholas Revett, W. Pars: Ionian Antiquities London 1769. .
- “Revett, Nicholas (1721–1804),” Anne Purchas in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, eee ed. H. C. G. Matthew and Brian Harrison (Oxford: OUP, 2004); online ed., ed. David Cannadine, May 2006, http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/23395 (accessed March 13, 2017. Subscription or UK public library membership required)
- Nicholas Revett : London Remembers, Aiming to capture all memorials in London Retrieved 2011-11-04.
- ‘One of the most singular exertions of Mr. R's genius … fronting the house at the Western extremity of the park, in a style of Architecture not confined to any one Grecian model’ (GM, July 1804. 691)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nicholas Revett.|
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: "Revett, Nicholas". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
|This article about an English architect or firm of architects is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|
|This article about an engraver, etcher or printmaker from the United Kingdom is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|