Nicholas Romayne

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Nicholas Romayne
Born September 1756
Hackensack, New Jersey
Died July, 21 1817
New York City
Nationality American
Occupation Physician
Known for First president of the New York Medical Society

Nicholas Romayne (September 1756, in Hackensack, New Jersey – 21 July 1817, in New York City) was a physician of the United States.


He was the son of a silversmith, and received great educational advantages. At the beginning of the American Revolutionary War, he went to Edinburgh, where he was known as an able scholar, and took the degree of M.D., presenting a thesis entitled “De Generatione Puris,” which was at one time famous. He subsequently studied in Paris, London, and Leyden, and on his return settled in Philadelphia, and then in New York City, where he practised his profession.

He embarked in the William Blount conspiracy in instigating the Cherokee and Creek Indians to aid the British in their attempt to conquer the Spanish territory in Louisiana in 1797. He was seized and imprisoned, and subsequently again visited Europe.

He was the first president of the New York Medical Society, and of the New York College of Physicians and Surgeons, of which he was a founder, and in which he taught anatomy and the institutes of medicine.[1][2] Dr. John W. Francis said of him: “He was unwearied in toil and of mighty energy, dexterous in legislative bodies, and at one period of his career was vested with almost all the honors the medical profession can bestow.”

Romayne published an address before the students of the New York College of Physicians and Surgeons on The Ethnology of the Red Man in America (New York, 1808).


  1. ^ Weiskotten, HG (15 August 1966). "Nicholas Romayne. Pioneer in medical education in the United States". New York state journal of medicine. 66 (16): 2158–77. PMID 5328993. 
  2. ^ Stookey, Byron (July 1967). "Nicholas Romayne: First President of the College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York City". Bull N Y Acad Med. 43 (7): 576–597. PMID 19312768. Retrieved 21 October 2017.