Nicholas U. Mayall Telescope
|Alternative names||Mayall 4-meter Telescope|
|Part of||Kitt Peak National Observatory|
|Location(s)||Kitt Peak, Arizona, US|
|Organization||National Optical Astronomy Observatory|
|Altitude||2,120 m (6,960 ft)|
|Telescope style||Reflecting telescope|
|Diameter||4 m (13 ft 1 in)|
|Collecting area||11.4 m2 (123 sq ft)|
The Nicholas U. Mayall Telescope, also known as the Mayall 4-meter Telescope, is a four-meter reflector telescope located at the Kitt Peak National Observatory in Arizona and named after Nicholas U. Mayall. It saw first light on February 27, 1973, and was the second-largest telescope in the world at that time. Initial observers included: David Crawford, Nicholas Mayall, and Arthur Hoag. It was dedicated on June 20, 1973 after Mayall's retirement as director. The mirror has an f/2.7 hyperboloidal shape. It is made from a two-foot (61 cm (24 in)) thick fused quartz disk that is supported in an advanced-design mirror cell. The prime focus has a field of view six times larger than that of the Hale reflector. An identical reflector was later built at Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory, in Chile. It is host to the Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument.
Contemporaries on commissioning
The Mayall (4 m) debuted neatly between the Hale (5 m) and Shane (3 m) in the early 1970s.
Largest telescopes 1973:
|1949||George Ellery Hale|
Kitt Peak National Obs.
|1959||Nicholas Mayall |
C. Donald Shane
|4||Harlan J. Smith Telescope
|1968||Harlan J. Smith|
- List of astronomical observatories
- List of largest optical reflecting telescopes
- List of the largest optical telescopes in the contiguous United States
- Lindsley, Dave; Edmondson, Frank; Kiani, Shiva (2008), Celebrating 50 years; Kitt Peak National Observatory; Milestones at Kitt Peak (PDF)
- Robert D. Chapman; William M. Sinton. "Telescope". AccessScience@McGraw-Hill. doi:10.1036/1097-8542.681600.
- Media related to Nicholas U. Mayall Telescope at Wikimedia Commons
- The Mayall 4-meter Telescope - official site.
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