Nicholas V, Duke of Krnov
|Nicholas V, Duke of Krnov|
|Noble family||Přemyslid dynasty|
|Spouse(s)||Margaret Clemm of Ellguth|
|Father||John II, Duke of Opava-Ratibor|
|Mother||Helena of Lithuania|
Nicholas V, Duke of Krnov (also known as Nicholas II of Opava-Ratibor; Czech: Mikuláš V. Krnovský; c. 1409–1452) was a member of the Přemyslid dynasty. He was Duke of Racibórz, Krnov, Bruntál and Rybnik. All these duchies were situated in Silesia, then part of the Crown of Bohemia.
Although Nicholas and his younger brother Wenceslaus II were probably adults when their father died in 1424, their mother, Helena of Lithuania nevertheless acted as regent until 1428. Until 1449, she styled herself as Lady of Pless, suggesting that she had received Pless as her jointure. Nicholas V and Wenceslaus II ruled their duchy jointly until 1437, at which time they divided their inheritance. Nicholas V received Krnov, Bruntál, Rybnik, Pless, and Baborów, while Wenceslaus II received Racibórz.
In 1433, a Hussite army passing through the Váh valley devastated Racibórz and prepared to hand it to Duke Bolko V of Opole, who supported the Hussites. However, Nicholas V reconquered Racibórz. In 1436, Nicholas V also conquered the Duchy of Głubczyce, which was owned by Duke Wenceslaus II of Opava, who retaliated by conquering Żory. In 1437, Nicholas V and Wenceslaus II of Opava reached a compromise.
Nicholas V died in 1452. Initially, his sons John IV and Wenceslaus III ruled jointly. However, in 1464, they divided their inheritance, with John IV taking Krnov and Wodzisław Śląski and Wenceslaus III taking Rybnik, Pless and Żory.
Marriage and issue
In 1435, Nicholas V married Margaret Clemm of Ellguth. They had three children:
- John IV "the Elder" (d. 1483).
- Wenceslaus III (d. 1479).
- Barbara (d. 1510), married in 1475 to Duke Jan IV of Oświęcim (d. 1495/1497).
- Nicholas (died in infancy).
- Machna (d. 1508), married in 1482 to Duke Casimir II of Zator.
Since her stepsons John IV and Wenceslaus II were minors when Nicholas V died in 1452, Barbara was regent of Racibórz, Krnov, Bruntál and Rybnik from 1452 until 1462. She was also Lady of Pless, which was probably her jointure.
- The ordinal II comes from only considering the Opava-Ratibor branch. In this view, Nicholas IV, Duke of Ratibor-Bruntál would be called Nicholas I of Krnov
- Jan Długosz: Roczniki czyli Kroniki sławnego Królestwa Polskiego. Book 12: 1445–1461. Warsawa: PWN, 2009, p. 168, footnotes 161-162 and p. 168.
- Ludwig Petry and Josef Joachim Menzel (eds.): Geschichte Schlesiens, vol. 1: Von der Urzeit bis zum Jahre 1526. 5th revised edition, Thorbecke, Stuttgart, 1988, ISBN 3-7995-6341-5, pp. 191, 201 ff, 205 and 218
- Hugo Weczerka (ed.): Handbuch der historischen Stätten — Schlesien, vol. 316 in the series Kröners Taschenausgabe, Kröner, Stuttgart 1977, ISBN 3-520-31601-3, p. 411 and 457 and genealogical tables on p. 600-601
- Marek, Miroslav. "Genealogy of the Bohemian Dukes". Genealogy.EU.