Nichols, Iowa

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Nichols, Iowa
City
Nichols, Iowa.JPG
Location of Nichols, Iowa
Location of Nichols, Iowa
Coordinates: 41°28′45″N 91°18′30″W / 41.47917°N 91.30833°W / 41.47917; -91.30833Coordinates: 41°28′45″N 91°18′30″W / 41.47917°N 91.30833°W / 41.47917; -91.30833
Country  United States
State  Iowa
County Muscatine
Area[1]
 • Total 0.23 sq mi (0.60 km2)
 • Land 0.23 sq mi (0.60 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 633 ft (193 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 374
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 371
 • Density 1,626.1/sq mi (627.8/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 52766
Area code(s) 319
FIPS code 19-56685
GNIS feature ID 0459517

Nichols is a city in Muscatine County, Iowa, United States. The population was 374 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Muscatine Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Name[edit]

The original name of the site of the current town was Railroad Addition. The town was later referred to as Nichols Station in reference to the previous holder of the town's site. Nichols was named by the early settler Benjamin F. Nichols in honor of his father, Samuel Nichols, who was instrumental in bringing the railroad to the area. Samuel Nichols was a heavy investor in the Burlington, Cedar Rapids and Northern Railroad Company as well as owner of large landholdings. Samuel Nichols had given the rail company the right of way to construct the rail line across his land, as well as to establish a depot at the current site of Nichols. [4]

History[edit]

Nichols was established in the early 1870s in an area of Section 15 of Pike Township known locally as Elephant Swamp. The community was intended as a rail town for the shipment of agriculture products and furs to distant markets, and had been constructed on land donated to the rail company by Samuel and Benjamin Nichols with the intention of establishing a rail depot. The lots for the future community were surveyed by county surveyor George Bumgardner in June, 1871. Two rail lines would eventually run through the town – the Muscatine & Western Railroad and the Burlington, Cedar Rapids and Northern Railroad – which were both branches of the Rock Island system. The first rail line and rail depot was constructed in the early 1870s. Dr. S. H. Smith constructed the first building on the future site of Nichols in 1871, which Mr Smith used as both a drug store and as a home. Construction on the Muscatine & Western Railroad reached the site in 1873, and the rail company laid out an addition to the town, calling it Railroad Addition. At first many of the buildings and homes in the community were log cabins, which were then replaced by more permanent brick buildings. Benjamin Nichols established the first post office in 1870 and served as the first postmaster. The first school was built in 1872. In the winter of 1873-1874 a Christian church was organized with services being held in schoolhouses until the construction of the church in 1874, with services being conducted by Rev. John Powell. The German Evangelical Protestant Church was organized in 1874 by Rev. K. F. Obermann. The Catholic church – Church of St. Mary - was built in 1874 with Father Nicholas Dugan serving as its first pastor. A Methodist church was organized in 1875 by J. A. Bolton. The town soon grew with the addition of several banks, an opera house, and a town hall that had been constructed in 1897. The early economy of the community centered on the two rail lines that ran through the community as well as the buying and shipping of furs as well as agriculture. The Foley and Brugman Brothers operated two large grain elevators which held 15,000 bushels each. Cattle and hogs were also shipped out to markets through the rail lines. [5] [6]

Geography[edit]

Nichols is located at 41°28′45″N 91°18′30″W / 41.47917°N 91.30833°W / 41.47917; -91.30833 (41.479113, -91.308291) [7] in section 15 of Pike Township, situated in the western edge of Iowa’s Muscatine County. The area is a mix of prairie and rich bottom land. Jordan Creek flows just southeast of the community and flows into Wapsinonoc Creek, a tributary of the Cedar River.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.23 square miles (0.60 km2), all of it land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical populations
Year Pop. ±%
1880 286 —    
1890 237 −17.1%
1900 398 +67.9%
1910 396 −0.5%
1920 387 −2.3%
1930 369 −4.7%
1940 357 −3.3%
1950 348 −2.5%
1960 329 −5.5%
1970 396 +20.4%
1980 375 −5.3%
1990 366 −2.4%
2000 374 +2.2%
2010 374 +0.0%
2014 372 −0.5%
2015 372 +0.0%
Source:"American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.  and Iowa Data Center
Source:
U.S. Decennial Census[8]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 374 people, 142 households, and 105 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,626.1 inhabitants per square mile (627.8/km2). There were 150 housing units at an average density of 652.2 per square mile (251.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 87.4% White, 1.1% African American, 2.1% Asian, 8.3% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 16.3% of the population.

There were 142 households of which 35.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.2% were married couples living together, 14.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 26.1% were non-families. 22.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 2.99.

The median age in the city was 36.3 years. 28.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.5% were from 25 to 44; 27.4% were from 45 to 64; and 11.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 50.5% male and 49.5% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 374 people, 138 households, and 102 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,604.8 people per square mile (627.8/km²). There were 142 housing units at an average density of 609.3 per square mile (238.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 86.36% White, 1.07% African American, 1.60% Asian, 9.89% from other races, and 1.07% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 22.99% of the population.

There were 138 households out of which 34.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.6% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.4% were non-families. 19.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.2% under the age of 18, 11.5% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 24.6% from 45 to 64, and 9.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 105.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $43,750, and the median income for a family was $47,917. Males had a median income of $32,045 versus $21,750 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,082. About 4.7% of families and 13.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.8% of those under age 18 and 14.0% of those age 65 or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-23. 
  4. ^ Richman, Irving Berdine (1911). History of Muscatine County, Iowa: From the Earliest Settlements to the Present Time. S. J. Clarke Publishing Company. p. 238. 
  5. ^ rving Berdine Richman (1911). "History of Muscatine County, Iowa: From the Earliest Settlements to the Present Time, Volume 1". 
  6. ^ Western Historical Company (1879). "The History of Muscatine County, Iowa". 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.