|Birth name||Nicholas Warren Francis Bockwinkel|
|Born||December 6, 1934|
St. Louis, Missouri, U.S.
|Died||November 14, 2015 (aged 80)|
Las Vegas, Nevada, U.S.
|Family||Warren Bockwinkel (father)|
|Professional wrestling career|
|Ring name(s)||Dick Warren|
The Sensational White Phantom
|Billed height||5 ft 10 in (178 cm)|
|Billed weight||240 lb (109 kg)|
|Billed from||Beverly Hills, California|
|Trained by||Warren Bockwinkel|
Nicholas Warren Francis Bockwinkel (December 6, 1934 – November 14, 2015) was an American professional wrestler. He was best known for his appearances with the Minneapolis, Minnesota-based American Wrestling Association (AWA) from 1970 to 1987, where he held the AWA World Heavyweight Championship on four occasions and the AWA World Tag Team Championship on three.
Bockwinkel was recognised for his exceptional technical wrestling ability and mastery of in-ring psychology. He was also known for his even-toned, articulate promos, which distinguished him from many of his contemporaries. He was inducted into the Wrestling Observer Newsletter Hall of Fame in 1996 and the WWE Hall of Fame in 2007.
Bockwinkel was born to Warren Bockwinkel – himself a professional wrestler – and Helen (née Crnkovich) Bockwinkel in St. Louis, Missouri on December 6, 1934. He attended the University of Oklahoma on a football scholarship, playing for the Oklahoma Sooners until sustaining a knee injury that ended his football career and cost him his scholarship.
Professional wrestling career
Early career (1955–1970)
When he was first breaking into pro wrestling, Bockwinkel served as the driver for Yukon Eric, taking him to various cities throughout the Eastern and Northeastern United States. He later commented that the experience, "was so smart. [...] Lots of ways to learn about this business." After training to become a professional wrestler with his father Warren, a regional star in the 1940s, and Lou Thesz, he spent the early years of his career as part of a tag team with his father. At the age of 16, he had his debut match against Thesz. He won his first major singles title in 1963, defeating Tony Borne for the NWA Pacific Northwest Heavyweight Championship. He also held several singles and tag team titles in Hawaii and California.
In the late 1950s to early 1960s Bockwinkel wrestled as a baby face in the San Francisco NWA territory Big Time Wrestling owned by legendary promoter Roy Shire. In 1958 Bockwinkel (wrestling under the name Dick Warren) teamed with Ramón Torres and won the NWA World Tag Team Championship on April 28, 1958 in Sacramento. They held the titles for two months before losing them to Hombre Montana and Tiny Mills on June 27 in San Jose. Just 17 days later, on July 14, Bockwinkel and Torres regained the titles from Montana and Mills once again in Sacramento. Bockwinkel would go on to win the tag team titles a third time, using his real name, on November 10, 1962, teaming with Wilbur Snyder and defeating the team of legendary hall of fame wrestlers Mitsu Arakawa and Kinji Shibuya at the famous Cow Palace in San Francisco. Bockwinkel and Snyder held the titles for five months before losing then to Art and Stan Nielsen.
It was during his time at Georgia Championship Wrestling in Atlanta, Georgia that Bockwinkel developed into a main event star. He had previously been a heroic character, but began a transition to being a villain during a feud with NWA World Heavyweight Champion Dory Funk, Jr. Funk, Jr. later referred to Bockwinkel as "One of the best wrestling challengers for the belt. [...] He was very technical, and put a lot of thought into his interviews, his talk, his work in the ring, his persona."
American Wrestling Association (1970–1987)
In 1970, Bockwinkel joined the American Wrestling Association (AWA), where he formed a team with wrestler Ray Stevens and manager Bobby Heenan. Together, they won the AWA World Tag Team Championship three times, the first in 1972. They defended the belts against such opponents as The Crusher, Dick the Bruiser, Billy Robinson, and Verne Gagne. The team eventually broke up after Stevens attacked Heenan when the latter praised himself and failed to comment on Stevens during an interview. Bockwinkel also teamed with Pat Patterson on occasion.
Bockwinkel became known for his articulate wrestling interviews. "I used to use the four, five or six syllable words as best I could," he was quoted as saying in the book The Pro Wrestling Hall of Fame: The Heels. "If I ran across one I didn't know, I had a little dictionary. I would have this little dictionary, with 70 or 80 words, that I would always be perusing. I had it with me all the time. Automatically, some of these words just starting coming to me in my interviews because I was familiar with them."
With Heenan still as his manager, Bockwinkel won the first of many AWA World Heavyweight Championships on November 8, 1975 at the age of 40, ending Verne Gagne's seven-year reign. As AWA Champion, Bockwinkel had feuds with Billy Robinson, Dick the Bruiser, The Crusher, Tito Santana, Mad Dog Vachon, Jerry Lawler, Otto Wanz, Mr. Saito, Jim Brunzell, Greg Gagne, Verne Gagne and Hulk Hogan. Bockwinkel was involved in the first ever AWA versus World Wide Wrestling Federation (WWWF) World Title Unification match, wrestling WWWF Champion, Bob Backlund, to a double count-out, on March 25, 1979, in Toronto.
Bockwinkel's first reign lasted for 1716 days and ended on July 19, 1980 when he was defeated by Verne Gagne. Shortly after regaining the AWA World title, Gagne announced his retirement from professional wrestling, and the AWA Heavyweight Championship was awarded back to Bockwinkel on May 19, 1981. This move infuriated wrestling fans throughout the AWA, and it solidified Bockwinkel as one of the most despised wrestlers in the world.
Perhaps the biggest controversy surrounding Bockwinkel and his title reign involved a series of matches with Hulk Hogan, whom Gagne signed after Hogan left the World Wrestling Federation in 1981. In June 1982, Hogan defeated Bockwinkel by pinfall in St. Paul, Minnesota to capture the AWA World Title, but AWA President Stanley Blackburn reversed the decision and returned the title to Bockwinkel, who went on to lose it to Otto Wanz and regain it with Heenan's help in the span of two months. Hogan, in the meantime, grew tired of the politics surrounding Bockwinkel and the world title and departed the AWA to return to the WWF, where he became a star and helped the company become a worldwide brand.
On February 22, 1984, Jumbo Tsuruta defeated Bockwinkel to capture the AWA World Heavyweight Championship in a match where Terry Funk was a guest referee. On an AWA card, Bockwinkel wrestled NWA World Champion Ric Flair for the NWA title on January 16, 1986 at the Winnipeg Arena; the bout ended in a double count out. Bockwinkel last held the AWA World Championship in 1987, at the age of 52. He became popular in a feud against then-AWA champion Stan Hansen. When Hansen failed to appear for a title defense, Bockwinkel won the title by forfeit. Hansen had quit the AWA from that point. Months later he dropped the championship to another second generation wrestler, Curt Hennig, at SuperClash. The match ended in controversial fashion due to interference by Larry Zbyszko, who had handed a roll of coins to Hennig to use on Bockwinkel. Bockwinkel retired in 1987, ending a career that spanned four decades. In one of his final matches as an active competitor, he paid Zbyszko back for costing him the AWA World title by pinning him on an episode of AWA Championship Wrestling on ESPN after knocking him out with a roll of coins.
After departing AWA, Bockwinkel worked as a road agent for the World Wrestling Federation, also serving as a color commentator for occasional televised events after having been introduced at an arena show by Bobby Heenan as his replacement for the night. He was released in 1989 due to budget cuts. He returned to the ring in 1993 at Slamboree: A Legends' Reunion. The card was promoted by World Championship Wrestling (WCW) but featured veteran wrestlers from all over the country. Bockwinkel wrestled former NWA World Champion Dory Funk, Jr. to a time limit draw as part of the undercard. In 1994, Bockwinkel became the on-screen commissioner of WCW. He was reunited on the program with Bobby Heenan but their former partnership in AWA was never mentioned. His run as commissioner quietly ended in the summer of 1995, although he was last mentioned as commissioner on a November 1995 edition of WCW Monday Nitro when WCW attorney Nick Lambrose stripped The Giant of the WCW World Heavyweight Title. He was released by WCW in December 1995. 
In 2000, he and Yoshiaki Fujiwara were the commissioners for a short-lived shoot style promotion, the Japan Pro Wrestling Association, but as the shoot-style market in Japan had been low since the collapse of UWF International, the wrestlers on it moved to other promotions. Bockwinkel was the President of the Cauliflower Alley Club until stepping down in May 2014 due to health reasons.
Bockwinkel was known for his technical wrestling ability and in-ring psychology. Bob Backlund wrote in his autobiography that "Nick had a great head for the game, a wonderful sense of ring psychology, and an uncanny ability to use his intelligence and cockiness to get under the people's skin. He was a terrific representative for the AWA and was the key player in the success of the AWA for a long time." Backlund goes on to say, "He was a very intelligent, well-spoken, and cocky heel, and his in-ring skills were right up there with the very best in the business." In the book 50 Greatest Professional Wrestlers of All Time: The Definitive Shoot, author Larry Matysik lists Bockwinkel as number 18, writing "He was an athlete, he could wrestle, and his psychology was second to none."
In addition, he was also known for his calm, charismatic, articulate promos, which distinguished him from many of his contemporaries. In 2008, Chris Jericho based his new villainous wrestling persona on Bockwinkel. In his autobiography The Best in the World Jericho wrote, "The WWE had recently released an AWA retrospective DVD, and while watching it, I remembered how great a heel Bockwinkel was. He wore suits for all his interviews and used ten-dollar words that went over the average fans' heads, pissing them off markedly. Here was this pompous blowhard using the fancy talk and wearing the fancy suits, claiming to be the best because he was the World Champion, which was the truth."
Other television appearances
In 1968, Bockwinkel appeared as a contestant on a prime-time version of the NBC game show Hollywood Squares, winning a Pontiac Firebird, a deluxe kitchen set, and $1300 in cash. He played Harry in the episode "Savage Sunday" in the show Hawaii Five-O. Bockwinkel also played a wrestler in an episode of the 1960s television series The Monkees.
On June 22, 1957, Bockwinkel married Susan Tranchitella, with whom he had two daughters: Johnna (born October 11, 1958) and Nikki (born April 30, 1961). The couple divorced in 1967. Bockwinkel remarried in 1972 to Darlene Hampp, with the marriage lasting until his death. The couple lived together in Las Vegas, Nevada.
In 2007, he was elected President of the Cauliflower Alley Club, a non-profit organization. In 2013, Ric Flair told Stone Cold Steve Austin on his podcast that Bockwinkel had Alzheimer's disease. Bockwinkel's wife Darlene denied Flair's claim, but did acknowledge that he had health problems which she wanted to keep private. In August 2014, Bockwinkel stepped down from his position as Cauliflower Alley Club president due to his declining health. He was replaced by former wrestler B. Brian Blair. At the Cauliflower Alley Club reunion in 2015 he appeared frail and his wife said he was making his final public appearance due to dementia and heart issues.
Bockwinkel died from undisclosed causes on the evening of November 14, 2015. His remains were cremated in Las Vegas and a memorial mass was held at St. Joseph Croatian Catholic Church in his hometown of St. Louis, Missouri on November 21, 2015. He was survived by his wife, his two children from his first marriage, two grandchildren, and two great-grandchildren.
Championships and accomplishments
- 50th State Big Time Wrestling
- American Wrestling Association
- Cauliflower Alley Club
- Iron Mike Mazurki Award (2009)
- Championship Wrestling from Florida
- Continental Wrestling Association
- George Tragos/Lou Thesz Professional Wrestling Hall of Fame
- Class of 2009
- Mid-South Sports
- National Wrestling Alliance
- NWA Big Time Wrestling
- NWA Los Angeles
- NWA San Francisco
- Pacific Northwest Wrestling
- Pro Wrestling Illustrated
- Professional Wrestling Hall of Fame and Museum
- Worldwide Wrestling Associates
- WWA International Television Tag Team Championship (2 times) – with Édouard Carpentier (1 time) and Lord James Blears (1 time)
- World Wrestling Entertainment
- Wrestling Observer Newsletter
- Wrestling Observer Newsletter Hall of Fame (Class of 1996)
- "California Marriage Index 1949–1959". ancestry.com.
- "California Divorce Index 1966–1984". ancestry.com.
- "Nick Bockwinkel". WWE. Retrieved March 30, 2011.
- "Nick Bockwinkel". onlineworldofwrestling.com.
- Meltzer, Dave (March 29, 2010). "All-time great Nick Bockwinkel passes away". Wrestling Observer Newsletter. Retrieved November 15, 2015.
- Johnson, Steve (November 15, 2015). "Class personified: Nick Bockwinkel dies". SLAM! Wrestling. Canadian Online Explorer. Retrieved November 15, 2015.
- Scherer, Dave (November 11, 2015). "Legendary AWA Champion Nick Bockwinkel Passes Away". PWInsider.com. Retrieved November 11, 2015.
- "WWE Hall of Famer Nick Bockwinkel passes away". WWE.com. WWE. November 15, 2015. Retrieved November 29, 2015.
- "Wrestling great Nick Bockwinkel dead at the age of 80". Fox Sports. November 15, 2015. Retrieved November 15, 2015.
- Matysik, Larry (2013). "#18 Nick Bockwinkel". 50 Greatest Professional Wrestlers of All Time: The Definitive Shoot. ECW Press.
- Oliver, Greg (2007). The Pro Wrestling Hall of Fame: The Heels. ECW Press. pp. 68–9. ISBN 978-1554902842.
- Lentz III, Harris M. (2003). Biographical Dictionary of Professional Wrestling. McFarland. p. 355. ISBN 0786417544.
- Schire, George (2010). Minnesota's Golden Age of Wrestling: From Verne Gagne to the Road Warriors. Minnesota Historical Society. p. 114. ISBN 978-0873516204.
- Nevada, Vance. "Mad Dog Vachon". SLAM! Wrestling. Canadian Online Explorer. Retrieved November 15, 2015.
- Hoops, Brian (October 12, 2015). "On This Date in Pro Wrestling History 10/12". Figure Four Wrestling. Retrieved November 15, 2015.
- Hornbaker, Tim (2007). National Wrestling Alliance: The Untold Story of the Monopoly That Strangled Professional Wrestling. ECW Press. p. 350. ISBN 978-1550227413.
- Slagle, Steve. "Nick Bockwinkel". Professional Wrestling Online Museum. Retrieved November 15, 2015.
- "Achievement Awards: Past Winners". Pro Wrestling Illustrated. London Publishing Co.: 87 March 1996. ISSN 1043-7576.
- Kaelberer, Angie Peterson (2003). Hulk Hogan: Pro Wrestler Terry Bollea. Capstone. p. 19. ISBN 0736821406.
- Lentz III, Harris M. (2003). Biographical Dictionary of Professional Wrestling, 2d ed. McFarland. p. 43. ISBN 0786403039.
- Cawthon, Graham. Pro Wrestling USA. The History of WWE.
- Hoops, Brian (May 4, 2008). "Nostalgia Review: AWA Super Clash II; Bockwinkel vs Hennig; Blackwell vs. Zhukov; Midnight Rockers and more". PWTorch.com. Retrieved November 15, 2015.
- Hoops, Brian (May 26, 2008). "Nostalgia Review: WCW Slamboree 1993; Vader vs. Davey Boy Smith; Hollywood Blonds vs. Dos Hombres; Nick Bockwinkel vs. Dory Funk Jr". PWTorch.com. Retrieved November 15, 2015.
- Johnson, Steve (November 15, 2015). "Different kind of 'Killer Bees' at Cauliflower Alley". SLAM! Wrestling. Canadian Online Explorer. Retrieved November 15, 2015.
- Keller, Wade (March 29, 2010). "WWE Raw Results 3/29: Keller's live ongoing coverage of WrestleMania 26 fallout, Shawn Michaels's retirement and farewell". PWTorch.com. Retrieved November 15, 2015.
- Backlund, Bob and Robert H. Miller (2013). The All-American Kid: Lessons and Stories on Life from Wrestling Legend Bob Backlund. Skyhorse Publishing, Inc.
- Scherer, Dave (November 11, 2015). "Legendary AWA Champion Nick Bockwinkel Passes Away". SLAM! Wrestling. Retrieved November 11, 2015.
- Jericho, Chris; Fornatale, Peter Thomas (2014). The Best In The World: At What I Have No Idea. Gotham. p. 34.
- "Hollywood Squares with Nick Bockwinkel (July 5, 1968)". YouTube. September 13, 2015. Retrieved February 19, 2017.
- "California, County Marriages, 1850–1952 Transcription: Nicholas Warren Bockwinkel". FindMyPast.com. Retrieved November 16, 2015.(subscription required)
- "Minnesota, Marriage Index, 1958-2001". Retrieved May 25, 2017.(subscription required)
- "California Birth Index 1905–1995". ancestry.com.
- Durham, Andy (November 12, 2007). "Booker T puts the "T" back in TNA, Nick Bockwinkel hits a triple". Greensboro Sports. Retrieved November 15, 2015.
- Adam Martin (September 12, 2013). "Report: Nick Bockwinkel not suffering from Alzheimer's". WrestleView.com. Retrieved November 15, 2015.
- Harry Fletcher. "WWE Hall of Famer and former AWA World Heavyweight Champion Nick Bockwinkel dies aged 80". Digital Spy. Retrieved November 15, 2015.
- "RIP: Nick Bockwinkel". Caulifower Alley Club. Archived from the original on December 5, 2015. Retrieved November 15, 2015.
- Schire, George (2010). Minnesota's Golden Age of Wrestling: From Verne Gagne to the Road Warriors. Minnesota Historical Society. p. 194. ISBN 978-0873516204.
- Oliver, Greg (April 16, 2009). "Top CAC award goes to top CAC man Nick Bockwinkel". Slam Wrestling. Retrieved September 27, 2020.
- Johnson, Mike (June 30, 2009). "Ricky Steamboat, Nick Bockinkel Among 2009 Class Honored By Wrestling Museum & Institute". PWInsider. Retrieved November 30, 2018.
- Hoops, Brian (April 17, 2020). "Daily pro wrestling (04/17): WCW Spring Stampede 1994". Wrestling Observer Newsletter. Retrieved April 17, 2020.
- "NWA announces 2016 Hall of Fame class". Pro Wrestling Insider. Retrieved April 8, 2016.
- Duncan, Royal; Will, Gary (2000). "Texas: NWA World Tag Team Title [Siegel, Boesch and McLemore]". Wrestling title histories: professional wrestling champions around the world from the 19th century to the present. Pennsylvania: Archeus Communications. ISBN 0-9698161-5-4.
- "National Wrestling Alliance World Tag Team Title [E. Texas]". Wrestling-Titles. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
- Grasso, John (2014). Historical Dictionary of Wrestling. Scarecrow Press. p. 49. ISBN 978-0810879256.