Wasicsko in 1988
|37th Mayor of Yonkers, New York|
|Preceded by||Angelo R. Martinelli|
|Succeeded by||Henry Spallone|
Nicholas C. Wasicsko|
May 13, 1959
Yonkers, New York
October 29, 1993 (aged 34)|
Oakland Cemetery in Yonkers, New York
|Cause of death||Suicide by gunshot|
|Spouse(s)||Nay Noe Wasicsko (1991–1993; his death)|
|Profession||Police officer, attorney, politician|
Nicholas C. Wasicsko (//; May 13, 1959 – October 29, 1993) was an American politician from New York and the youngest-ever mayor of Yonkers, New York. As mayor he fought for the desegregation of public housing.
Early life and education
Wasicsko was born May 13, 1959, in Yonkers, to Nicholas and Anne Slota Wasicsko. He was of Slovak descent. Wasicsko attended public schools in Yonkers. He graduated from Gorton High School in Yonkers in 1977.
Wasicsko graduated from Manhattan College in 1981 with a degree in government and served for a year as a county police officer. His father died in 1985. In 1986 and 1987 he served as 7th Ward councilman while simultaneously attending New York Law School, from which he was graduated in 1987, the same year he was elected mayor. He was admitted to the bar in New York and Connecticut.
On Nov. 3, 1987, at the age of 28, Wasicsko defeated six-term Republican-Conservative incumbent Angelo R. Martinelli, age 60, to become the youngest-ever mayor of Yonkers, and the youngest mayor in a major American city. Wasicsko won by a margin of 1,466 votes of the 42,700 cast.
The major issue in the 1987 election was the court-ordered integration of public housing in Yonkers. As a candidate, Wasicsko advocated "for resisting the court-ordered integration by legal appeals." Martinelli and Wasicsko "had not taken dramatically opposite positions on the integration dispute, but ... Mayor Martinelli had become identified with much of the emotion surrounding the issue," contributing to his loss.
As mayor, Wasicsko changed his position when the city's lawyers told him that the case was hopeless. He did so not because he thought it was right, but because he had no choice but to comply. After his death, his executive aide at the time said that "He wasn't pro-desegregation, he was pro-compliance."
Wasicsko waged an aggressive battle to set in motion a housing desegregation plan for the city. Although he received numerous accolades for his position, including a runner-up citation for the 1991 John F. Kennedy Profile in Courage Award, opposition was equally strong, and he received death threats.
The city council initially signed a consent decree with the U.S. Department of Justice and the Yonkers NAACP on a housing plan, but in August 1988, on a procedural vote, the city council voted 4 to 3 to rescind its support for the binding consent decree. A federal court proposed fines to the city of Yonkers that would have risen within weeks to $1 million per day, and fines for the individual Yonkers city council members who opposed the integration plan of $500 per day, and would have jailed them within a month. On September 9, 1988, with the fines mounting, city services being curtailed, and 630 city employees about to be laid off, the city council relented, and the housing integration plan was approved.
As a result of the controversy, Wasicsko lost a bid for re-election as mayor in 1989. Once out of office, Wasicsko practiced law, taught at John Jay College of Criminal Justice, and hosted a local radio talk show. He returned to elected office in 1992 as 2nd District councilman. He was named Democratic minority leader.
In 1993 he made an unsuccessful primary run for City Council President.
Wasicsko was found dead of an apparent suicide at 5:20 p.m. on Friday, October 29, 1993, at the age of 34. He was found sitting against a tree on a grassy hill overlooking the grave of his father at Oakland Cemetery in Yonkers, New York with a single gunshot wound in his head. As a former police officer he carried a .38-caliber pistol, and the gun was found in his right hand. There was speculation at the time that Wasicsko feared an ongoing corruption investigation of the Yonkers Industrial Development Agency, of which Wasicsko was a board member and former chairman, would tarnish his reputation but investigators said they had no reason to believe Wasicsko was corrupt.
In 1999, former New York Times writer Lisa Belkin wrote the book Show Me a Hero about Wasicsko and the desegregation case. A six-episode HBO television miniseries of the same name, based on the book, written by David Simon and journalist William F. Zorzi and directed by Paul Haggis, premiered on August 16, 2015. Oscar Isaac played Wasicsko and later won the Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Miniseries or Television Film for his performance.
Brick by Brick: A Civil Rights Story, a 2007 documentary film about the Yonkers desegregation struggle, featured Wasicsko prominently as a lonely proponent of compliance with federal court orders to build low income and affordable housing in 1988.
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- Lambert, Bruce (October 30, 1993). "Ex-Mayor of Yonkers Dies in Apparent Suicide". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved July 20, 2015.
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- Berger, Joseph (October 30, 1993). "Bafflement at Yonkers Official's Death". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved July 20, 2015.
- "Meet Nicholas Wisicsko, the Youngest Mayor". Uncovering Yonkers. Retrieved July 20, 2015.
- "Show Me a Hero". The New York Times. Retrieved July 20, 2015.
- "Desegregation Timeline - Brick-By-Brick". Brick-By-Brick. Retrieved July 20, 2015.
- Tumulty, Karen (August 27, 1988). "Yonkers Officials Defiant Despite Appeals Court Loss". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved July 20, 2015.
- Steinberg, Jacques (November 9, 1993). "Ex-Yonkers Mayor's Death Is Laid to Fears of Inquiry". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved July 20, 2015.
- Andreeva, Nellie (July 30, 2014). "HBO Greenlights David Simon Miniseries Starring Oscar Isaac & Catherine Keener". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved August 10, 2014.
- Kondolojy, Amanda (May 20, 2015). "'Show me a Hero' to Premiere on HBO Sunday August 16th at 9PM". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved May 20, 2015.
- "Tribute to Nicholas C. Wasicsko (Senate - November 04, 1993)". Congressional Record 103rd Congress (1993-1994). November 4, 1993. Retrieved July 15, 2015.
Angelo R. Martinelli
| Mayor of Yonkers