List of alloys

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This is a list of named alloys grouped alphabetically by base metal. Within these headings, the alloys are also grouped alphabetically. Some of the main alloying elements are optionally listed after the alloy names.

Alloys by base metal[edit]

Aluminium[edit]

Main articles: Aluminium and Aluminium alloy

Aluminium also forms complex metallic alloys, like β–Al–Mg, ξ'–Al–Pd–Mn, T–Al3Mn

Bismuth[edit]

Main article: Bismuth

Chromium[edit]

Main article: Chromium

Cobalt[edit]

Main article: Cobalt

Copper[edit]

Main articles: Copper and Copper alloys

Gallium[edit]

Main article: Gallium

Gold[edit]

Main article: Gold
See also notes below[note 1]

Indium[edit]

Main article: Indium

Iron[edit]

Main article: Iron

Lead[edit]

Main article: Lead

Magnesium[edit]

Main article: Magnesium

Mercury[edit]

Main article: Mercury (element)

Nickel[edit]

Main article: Nickel

Plutonium[edit]

Main article: Plutonium

Potassium[edit]

Main article: Potassium

Rare Earths[edit]

Main article: Rare earth element

Rhodium[edit]

Samarium[edit]

SmCo (cobalt); used for permanent magnets in guitar pickups, headphones, satellite transponders, etc.

Scandium[edit]

Silver[edit]

Main article: Silver

Sodium[edit]

Titanium[edit]

Main article: Titanium

Tin[edit]

Main article: Tin

Uranium[edit]

Main article: Uranium

Zinc[edit]

Main article: Zinc

Zirconium[edit]

Main article: Zirconium

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The purity of gold alloys is expressed in karats, (UK: carats) which indicates the ratio of the minimum amount of gold (by mass) over 24 parts total. 24 karat gold is fine gold (24/24 parts), and the engineering standard[citation needed] is that it be applied to alloys that have been refined to 99.9% or better purity ("3 nines fine"). There are, however, places in the world that allow the claim of 24kt. to alloys with as little as 99.0% gold ("2 nines fine" or "point nine-nine fine).[citation needed] An alloy which is 14 parts gold to 10 parts alloy is 14 karat gold, 18 parts gold to 6 parts alloy is 18 karat, etc. This is becoming more commonly[citation needed] and more precisely expressed as a decimal fraction, i.e.: 14/24 equals .585 (rounded off), and 18/24 is .750 ("seven-fifty fine"). There are hundreds of possible alloys and mixtures possible, but in general the addition of silver will color gold green, and the addition of copper will color it red. A mix of around 50/50 copper and silver gives the range of yellow gold alloys the public is accustomed to seeing in the marketplace.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hunter, Christel (2006). Aluminum Building Wire Installation and Terminations, IAEI News, January–February 2006. Richardson, TX: International Association of Electrical Inspectors.
  2. ^ "Ultimet® alloy - Nominal Composition". Haynes International. Retrieved October 4, 2016. 
  3. ^ "Tin Based Alloys". Mayer Alloys.