Nickel bis(dimethylglyoximate)

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Nickel bis(dimethylglyoximate)
NIMGLO12.png
Ni(dmg)2.JPG
Names
IUPAC name
nickel;N-[(Z)-3-nitrosobut-2-en-2-yl]hydroxylamine
Other names
Bis(butanedione dioximato)nickel
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChemSpider
EC Number
  • 236-782-7
UNII
  • InChI=1S/2C4H8N2O2.Ni/c2*1-3(5-7)4(2)6-8;/h2*5,7H,1-2H3;/b2*4-3-;
    Key: CNOULSXJEKYGTK-FDGPNNRMSA-N
  • CC(=C(C)N=O)NO.CC(=C(C)N=O)NO.[Ni]
Properties
C8H14N4NiO4
Molar mass 288.917 g·mol−1
Appearance red solid
Density 1.698 g/cm3
Hazards
GHS labelling:
GHS07: Exclamation markGHS08: Health hazard
Warning
H315, H317, H319, H335, H351
P201, P202, P261, P264, P271, P272, P280, P281, P302+P352, P304+P340, P305+P351+P338, P308+P313, P312, P321, P332+P313, P333+P313, P337+P313, P362, P363, P403+P233, P405, P501
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).

Nickel bis(dimethylglyoximate) is the coordination complex with the formula Ni[ONC(CH3)C(CH3)NOH]2. The compound is a bright red solid. It achieved prominence for its use in the qualitative analysis of nickel.[1]

Structure[edit]

The geometry of the nickel(II) ion is square planar.[2] It is surrounded by two equivalents of the conjugate base (dmgH) of dimethylglyoxime (dmgH2). The pair of organic ligands are joined through hydrogen bonds to give a macrocyclic ligand. The complex is distinctively colored and insoluble leading to its use as a chelating agent in the gravimetric analysis of nickel.

The use of dimethylglyoxime as a reagent to detect nickel was reported by L. A. Chugaev in 1905.[3]

Ni-Dimethylglyoxime-complex.svg

References[edit]

  1. ^ Greenwood, Norman N.; Earnshaw, Alan (1997). Chemistry of the Elements (2nd ed.). Butterworth-Heinemann. ISBN 978-0-08-037941-8.
  2. ^ Donald E. Williams, Gabriele Wohlauer, R. E. Rundle (1959). "Crystal Structures of Nickel and Palladium Dimethylglyoximes". J. Am. Chem. Soc. 81 (3): 755–756. doi:10.1021/ja01512a066.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  3. ^ Tschugaeff, Lev (1905). "Über ein neues, empfindliches Reagens auf Nickel" [About a new, sensitive reagent on nickel]. Berichte der Deutschen Chemischen Gesellschaft (in German). 38 (3): 2520–2522. doi:10.1002/cber.19050380317.