Nicola Pellow

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Nicola Pellow
Nicola Pellow with Tim Berners-Lee in their office at CERN in Switzerland
Fields Information technology
Institutions CERN
Alma mater Leicester Polytechnic
Known for Line Mode Browser

Nicola Pellow was a female member of the WWW Project at CERN, working with Tim Berners-Lee.[1] She joined the project in November 1990, while an undergraduate math student enrolled in a sandwich course at Leicester Polytechnic (now De Montfort University).[1][2] Pellow recalled having little experience with programming languages, "... apart from using a bit of Pascal and FORTRAN as part of my degree course."[2]

Almost immediately after Berners-Lee completed the WorldWideWeb web browser for the NeXT platform,[3] Pellow was tasked with creating a browser, after a quick lesson in C programming.[2] She wrote a generic Line Mode Browser called WWW [4][5] that could run on non-NeXT systems.[1][5][6] The WWW team ported the browser to a range of computers, from Unix to Microsoft DOS, so that anyone could access the web, which at that point consisted primarily of the CERN phone book.

She left CERN at the end of August 1991, but returned after graduating in 1992, and worked with Robert Cailliau on MacWWW,[7][8] the first web browser for the classic Mac OS.[9][10]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "Ten Years Public Domain for the Original Web Software". CERN. Retrieved 21 July 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c Gillies, James; Cailliau, R. (2000). How the Web was Born: The Story of the World Wide Web. Oxford University Press. p. 6. ISBN 0192862073. 
  3. ^ A screenshot from TBL's first web browser
  4. ^ A view from Nicola Pellow's line mode browser
  5. ^ a b "Dream team of web developers to recreate line-mode browser | CERN". Retrieved 2016-11-02. 
  6. ^ Lasar, Matthew (2011-10-11). "Before Netscape: the forgotten Web browsers of the early 1990s". Ars Technica. Retrieved 2014-01-08. 
  7. ^ "MacWWW: the first web browser for the Apple Macintosh platform". Retrieved 2016-11-02. 
  8. ^ Screenshot of the first Mac web browser
  9. ^ Stewart, Bill (2015). "Web Browser History". Living Internet. Retrieved 21 March 2017. 
  10. ^ Berners-Lee, Tim (3 November 1992). "Macintosh Browser". World Wide Web Consortium. Retrieved 2 June 2010. 

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