|Nicolaas Hendrik Kuiper|
28 June 1920|
12 December 1994|
|Alma mater||University of Leiden|
University of Amsterdam|
Institut des Hautes Études Scientifiques
|Doctoral advisor||Willem van der Woude|
Nicolaas Hendrik "Nico" Kuiper (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈkœypər]; 28 June 1920, in Rotterdam – 12 December 1994, in Heteren) was a Dutch mathematician, known for Kuiper's test and proving Kuiper's theorem. He also contributed to the Nash embedding theorem.
Kuiper studied at University of Leiden in 1937-41, and worked as a secondary school teacher of mathematics in Dodrecht in 1942-47. He completed his Ph.D. in differential geometry from the University of Leiden in 1946 under the supervision of Willem van der Woude. In 1947, he then came to the United States at the invitation to Veblen, where he visited the Institute for Advanced Study for two years, meeting Shiing-Shen Chern, and he also went to the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor. In 1954, he went for a second time to Ann Arbor where he met Raoul Bott and his student Stephen Smale. In 1950 he was appointed professor of mathematics (and statistics) at the Agricultural University of Wageningen, and in 1962 as professor of pure mathematics at the University of Amsterdam. In 1960 he visited Northwestern University in Evanston for half a year, and in 1969-70 he stayed at the Institute for Advanced Study for a second time.
He served as director of the Institut des Hautes Études Scientifiques from 1971 until his retirement 1985. After his retirement, he remained as a visiteur long duré of the IHES in France until 1991, when he returned to live in Heteren in the Netherlands. He continued to participate in mathematical colloquia at the University of Utrecht.
- Jackson, Allyn (1999). "The IHÉS at Forty" (PDF). Notices of the American Mathematical Society. American Mathematical Society. 46 (3): 329–337.
- Banchoff, Thomas F. (1997). "Remembering Nicolaas Kuiper [1920–1994]" (PDF). In Cecil, Thomas E.; Chern, Shiing-shen. Tight and Taut Submanifolds. Mathematical Sciences Research Institute Publications. 32. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. xiii–xv. ISBN 0-521-62047-3. MR 1486868.