Nicolai Clausen

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Nicolai Clausen
Nicolai Clausen.jpg
Born (1911-06-02)2 June 1911
Flensburg
Died 16 May 1943(1943-05-16) (aged 31)
South Atlantic
33°55′N 20°35′W / 33.917°N 20.583°W / 33.917; -20.583
Allegiance  Weimar Republic (to 1933)
 Nazi Germany
Service/branch  Reichsmarine
 Kriegsmarine
Years of service 1929–43
Rank Korvettenkapitän (posthumous)
Commands held U-142
U-37
U-129
U-182
Battles/wars World War II
Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross

Asmus Nicolai Clausen (2 June 1911 – 16 May 1943) was a German U-boat commander of the Second World War. He is credited with sinking 23 ships for a total of 73,428 gross register tons (GRT) of Allied shipping. He was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross, awarded by Nazi Germany to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.

Clausen and U-182 were lost with all hands, sunk on 16 May 1943 by the American destroyers USS MacKenzie and USS Lamb.

Summary of career[edit]

Ships attacked[edit]

As commander of U-37, U-129 and U-182 Nicolai Clausen is credited with the sinking of 23 ships for a total of 73,428 gross register tons (GRT) and sinking the French submarine Sfax (Q 182) of 1,379 metric tons (1,357 long tons; 1,520 short tons).

Date U-boat Name of Ship Nationality Tonnage Fate[1][2][3]
1 December 1940 U-37 Palmella  United Kingdom 1,578 Sunk
2 December 1940 U-37 Gwalia  Sweden 1,258 Sunk
2 December 1940 U-37 Jeanne M.  United Kingdom 2,465 Sunk
4 December 1940 U-37 Daphne  Sweden 1,513 Sunk
16 December 1940 U-37 San Carlos  Spain 223 Sunk
19 December 1940 U-37 Rhône  Free France 2,785 Sunk
19 December 1940 U-37 Sfax (Q 182)  Free French Naval Forces 1,379 Sunk
9 February 1941 U-37 Courland  United Kingdom 1,325 Sunk
9 February 1941 U-37 Estrellano  United Kingdom 1,983 Sunk
10 February 1941 U-37 Brandenburg  United Kingdom 1,473 Sunk
7 March 1941 U-37 Mentor  Greece 3,050 Sunk
12 March 1941 U-37 Petursey  Iceland 91 Sunk
20 February 1942 U-129 Nordvangen  Norway 2,400 Sunk
23 February 1942 U-129 George L. Torian  Canada 1,754 Sunk
23 February 1942 U-129 Lennox  Canada 1,904 Sunk
23 February 1942 U-129 West Zeda  United States 5,658 Sunk
28 February 1942 U-129 Bayou  Panama 2,605 Sunk
3 March 1942 U-129 Mary  United States 5,104 Sunk
7 March 1942 U-129 Steel Age  United States 6,188 Sunk
15 January 1943 U-182 Ocean Courage  United Kingdom 7,173 Sunk
17 February 1943 U-182 Llanashe  United Kingdom 4,836 Sunk
10 March 1943 U-182 Richard D. Spaight  United States 7,177 Sunk
5 April 1943 U-182 Aloe  United Kingdom 5,047 Sunk
1 May 1943 U-182 Adelfotis  Greece 5,838 Sunk

Awards[edit]

Promotions[edit]

1 October 1931: Obermatrose (Seaman Apprentice)[7]
1 October 1933: Matrosengefreiter (Seaman Lance Corporal)[7]
1 November 1933: Bootsmannsmaat (Petty Officer Third Class)[7]
1 September 1935: Obersteuermannsmaat (Petty Officer Second Class)[7]
1 May 1937: Fähnrich zur See (Officer Cadet)[7]
1 October 1937: Oberfähnrich zur See (Senior Ensign)[4]
1 January 1938: Leutnant zur See (Second Lieutenant)[4]
1 April 1939: Oberleutnant zur See (First Lieutenant)[4]
1 January 1941: Kapitänleutnant (Captain Lieutenant)[4]
5 April 1945: Korvettenkapitän (Corvette Captain), with a rank age dated on 1 May 1943[4]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Ships hit by U-37 - U-boat Successes". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  2. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Ships hit by U-129 - U-boat Successes". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  3. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Ships hit by U-182 - U-boat Successes". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i Busch & Röll 2003, p. 196.
  5. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 154.
  6. ^ Scherzer 2007, p. 261.
  7. ^ a b c d e Busch & Röll 2003, p. 195.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (2003). Der U-Boot-Krieg 1939–1945 — Die Ritterkreuzträger der U-Boot-Waffe von September 1939 bis Mai 1945 [The U-Boat War 1939–1945 — The Knight's Cross Bearers of the U-Boat Force from September 1939 to May 1945] (in German). Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn Germany: Verlag E.S. Mittler & Sohn. ISBN 978-3-8132-0515-2. 
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000) [1986]. Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 — Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches] (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. 
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Militaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. 
  • Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 2, 1. Januar 1942 bis 31. Dezember 1943 [The Wehrmacht Reports 1939–1945 Volume 2, 1 January 1942 to 31 December 1943] (in German). München, Germany: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag GmbH & Co. KG. 1985. ISBN 978-3-423-05944-2. 

External links[edit]

  • Helgason, Guðmundur. "Nicolai Clausen". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 2 September 2014.