Nicolas Bentley

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Nicolas Clerihew Bentley (14 June 1907 – 14 August 1978) was a British author and illustrator, best known for his humorous cartoon drawings in books and magazines in the 1930s and 1940s. The son of Edmund Clerihew Bentley (inventor of the clerihew verse form), he was given the name Nicholas but opted to change the spelling.

He married Barbara Hastings (1908–1989), a writer of children's books and the daughter of Sir Patrick Gardiner Hastings on 17 October 1934, and they had one child, Arabella, in 1943.[1]

Early career[edit]

Nicholas Clerihew Bentley was born in Britain on 14 June 1907, at Highgate in London. He was educated at University College School where he left at the age of 17, having decided that his academic abilities would not take him to university. He then enrolled at Heatherleys School of Fine Art, a prestigious private college, but left after a few months. After leaving Heatherley's, Bentley worked without pay as a clown in a circus. When this job ended, he was a film extra; and during the General Strike of 1926 he worked on the London Underground.[1]

Professional illustration[edit]

It was at this time that Bentley sold his first drawing to his godfather, G. K. Chesterton. He had a commission to draw illustrations for a trade newspaper called Man and his clothes in 1928, and his first regular job as an illustrator was in the publicity department of Shell. Bentley worked for Shell for three years but disliked working in advertising. In 1930 Hilaire Belloc (who was a friend of his father) invited him to illustrate his book New Cautionary Tales. The good critical reception of this book and its illustrations allowed him to go freelance.[1]


During the 1930s Bentley illustrated works ranging from J. B. Morton to Damon Runyon. His most famous drawings were to illustrate T. S. Eliot's Old Possum's Book of Practical Cats, but he illustrated more than 70 books in the course of a long career. He customarily used the byline "Nicolas Bentley drew the pictures". His favourite illustration work was for his own books and he considered himself primarily an author. One of his best-known books, Ready Refusals, or, The White Liar's Engagement Book gives a quotation for every day of the year drawn from a surprisingly wide range of sources together with an appropriate illustration. He also wrote and illustrated Golden Sovereigns – and some of lesser value – from Boadicea to Elizabeth II (1970), a humorous book about the English/British monarchy.


On 17 October 1934 he married the children's author, Barbara Hastings (1908–1989), daughter of Sir Patrick Gardiner Hastings. They had one child, Arabella, born in 1943.

Post-war work[edit]

Bentley had enrolled as an auxiliary fireman in 1938 and served in the London Fire Brigade during World War II. He illustrated How to be an Alien (1946) by George Mikes.

After the war he took a few regular cartooning jobs including on Time and Tide (1952–54) and drawing pocket cartoons for the Daily Mail from 1958. He gave this job up in 1962, complaining that it put too much strain on him. In later life he was the illustrator for Auberon Waugh's Diary in Private Eye and contributed other cartoons to the magazine.

He moved to Downhead, near Shepton Mallet in Somerset.[1] He died on 14 August 1978 in the Royal United Hospital, Bath, Somerset.[1]

His autobiography, A Version of the Truth, was published in 1960. On his death, Auberon Waugh wrote in Private Eye: "Nick was a gentle, modest, humorous man, with none of the usual characteristics of the highly individual genius which inspired his quiet professionalism and supreme technical ability."[citation needed]

Selected works[edit]

  • How can you bear to be human?
  • Edwardian Album
  • The Victorian Scene: 1837-1901
  • The Dickens Index
  • The Tongue-Tied Canary
  • The Floating Dutchman
  • Tales from Shakespeare
  • Inside Information - crime novel 1977
  • Nicolas Bentley's Book of Birds
  • A version of the truth
  • Second Thoughts


  1. ^ a b c d e McLean, Ruari (2004). "Oxford DNB article: Bentley, Nicolas Clerihew (subscription needed)". Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2011-12-28. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Ruari McLean, 'Bentley, Nicolas Clerihew', in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (2004)
  • Richard Ingrams, 'Nicolas Bentley', in Folio (1979 Spring), p.4-9
  • Nicolas Bentley, A Version of the Truth (1960)

External links[edit]