Nicolas Chaperon (Châteaudun, bapt. 19 October 1612 — Lyon 1656) was a French painter, draughtsman and engraver, a student in Paris of Simon Vouet whose style he adopted before he was further matured by his stay in Rome (1642–51) in the studio of Nicolas Poussin.
In 1653-55 the consuls de Lyon called him to decorate the hôtel de ville but Chaperon dying almost as soon as he arrived, the commission passed to Thomas Blanchet. Chaperon made a name for himself with his suite of engravings after the Raphael Loggie of the Vatican, Rome, 1649, but art historians remember him for the stream of fulminating invective with which Poussin in his correspondence with Paul Fréart de Chantelou described this unruly and vindictive practician who refused to carry through his copy of a Transfiguration. So little is known of Chaperon that this episode stands out.
Most of his paintings have been optimistically attributed to Poussin, and disguised under that sellable name have entered collections in the US; thus, when the Musée du Louvre purchased its first painting by Chaperon in 2005, it was at a New York auction. Jacques Thuillier’s publication of Chaperon's signed and dated Compiègne altarpiece, a Presentation of the Virgin, began the reassessment of this Poussiniste.
All works are in oil on canvas unless otherwise noted.
- The Vow of Midas, Kunstmuseum, Basel, 1,00 x 1,36.
- The Nurture of Jupiter, Ackland Museum, Chapel Hill, NC, 0,99 x 1,36.
- Presentation of the Virgin (1639), Chapelle Saint-Nicolas, Compiègne. An oil sketch is at the Museum of Fine Arts, Houston.
- The Alliance of Bacchus and Venus, Dallas Museum of Art, 0,76 x 0,98. the painting was identified in 1960, on the basis of a signed engraving of it.
- Bacchanale, Musée Magnin, Dijon.
- Drunken Silenus, Uffizi, 1,15 x 0,84.
- Holy Family with SS Elizabeth and the infant John the Baptist Gosford House, East Lothian,Scotland (The Earl of Wemyss and March) 1,46 x 1,20.. A preparatory drawing at the Musée du Louvre.
- Penitent Magdalene, *Musée des Beaux-Arts, Nancy, 0.75 x 0.61, Purchased 2006.
- Moses and the Bronze Serpent, Musée des Beaux-Arts, Nîmes, 1,225 x 1, 715. Purchased 1998.
- Venus, Mercury and Cupid, Musée du Louvre, 1,10 x 1,34 Purchased 2005.
- Childhood of Bacchus, Musée Sainte-Croix, Poitiers.
- Presentation of the Virgin, Musée des Beaux-Arts, Rennes, 0,635 x 0,480.
- The Deluge, Musée des Beaux-Arts, Rouen, 0,998 x 1,385.
- Bacchus and Ariadne, formerly collection François Heim.
Drawings by Nicolas Chaperon are in the collections of Besançon, Musée des Beaux-Arts et d'Archéologie; Bibliothèque nationale de France; École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts; Musée du Louvre
- Sylvain Laveissière, Dominique Jacquot, Guillaume Kazerouni, Nicolas Chaperon, 1612-1654/1655. Du graveur au peintre retrouvé, Nîmes Musées / Actes Sud, 1999. ISBN 2-7427-2460-5
Media related to Nicolas Chaperon at Wikimedia Commons