|Minister of State, Minister of Ecological and Solidary Transition|
17 May 2017 – 4 September 2018
|Prime Minister||Édouard Philippe|
|Preceded by||Ségolène Royal|
(Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy)
|Succeeded by||François de Rugy|
|Born||30 April 1955|
|Occupation||Journalist, writer, environmentalist|
Nicolas Jacques André Hulot (French pronunciation: [nikɔla ʒak ɑ̃dʁe ylo]; born 30 April 1955) is a French journalist and environmental activist. He is the founder and honorary president of the Nicolas Hulot Foundation, an environmental group established in 1990.
Hulot ran as a candidate in the primary for the Europe Ecology – The Greens (EELV) party in 2011 and eventually lost to Eva Joly in the second round. He declined offers to be a government minister for Jacques Chirac, Nicolas Sarkozy and François Hollande, but in May 2017, he agreed to serve under Emmanuel Macron and was appointed Minister of Ecological and Solidary Transition in the first government of Prime Minister Édouard Philippe. In August 2018, he announced his resignation from the Second Philippe government, citing policy disagreements and leadership issues.
Hulot was born 30 April 1955 in Lille, France, to Monique Marguerite Marie Hulot (née Moulun), a pharmaceutical sales representative, and Philippe Marie Joseph Hulot, a gold miner in Venezuela. Hulot had one brother, Gonzaga, and a sister, Beatrice.
Hulot's father Philippe died when Hulot was fifteen years old. Gonzaga Hulot committed suicide on 24 December 1974 when Hulot was 19 years old.
Hulot left Sipa Press in 1978 to move to France Inter after being offered work as a radio journalist and producer. Hulot debuted on television during the children's program Les Visiteurs du mercredi. Hulot also presented the short-lived educational programme Les Pieds au mur. Following this, Hulot became an evening reporter focusing on motorcycle events. Hulot left France Inter in 1987.
Hulot presented the television programme, Ushuaïa, le magazine de l'extrême which was focused around extreme sport and natural landscapes throughout the world. The programme was broadcast on TF1 and was co-produced by Hulot's then-girlfriend Dominique Cantien. Ushuaïa, le magazine de l'extrême made Hulot a household name in France. Ushuaïa, le magazine de l'extrême ran from 1987 to 1995. Hulot went on to present Opération Okavango (1996–1997) and Ushuaïa Nature (1998–2012). Hulot's contract with TF1 ended in December 2011 though four of the remaining Ushuaïa Nature episodes aired in 2012.
Fondation Nicolas Hulot
In 1990, Hulot founded the Ushuaia Foundation which became La Fondation Nicolas-Hulot pour la nature et l'homme in 1995 and which changed its name to La Fondation pour la nature et l'homme (The Foundation for Nature and Mankind) in April 2011.
Hulot and Gérard Feldzer, a former French airline pilot, experimented with airship prototypes originally developed by Didier Costes in 1992, and in 1993, the pair attempted to cross the Atlantic Ocean from Spain using an airship with pedals. The pair made it as far as 1,500 km before failing near the Cape Verde Islands.
Hulot set up partnerships for the Foundation with companies such as EDF, L'Oréal and TF1. In 2006, the National Museum of Natural History formed a partnership with La Fondation pour la nature et l'homme, organising annual events to bring people together to combat climate change.
In 2007, Nicolas Hulot told candidates in the presidential election that he would stand as a candidate if ecology were not one of the main themes of the election. Some polls estimated his support at around 15%. In response to his announcement, five of the twelve candidates in the election, including Nicolas Sarkozy, signed his Pacte écologique (ecology pact), stating that ecological issues would be central to all future political decisions.
2011 Europe Écologie-Les Verts primary
On 13 April 2011 while speaking in Sevran, Seine-Saint-Denis, Nicolas Hulot announced his candidacy in the Europe Écologie-Les Verts primary for the 2012 French presidential election. The announcement came a month after Hulot's calls for a referendum on nuclear energy following the Fukushima nuclear accident.
Hulot was invited to a televised interview on the France Inter show 7/9 by Bruno Duvic.
During the first round of the primary, Hulot came second with 40.22% despite polls indicating he would be able to beat Eva Joly who got 49.75% of the vote. Hulot lost during the second round and Joly became the Europe Ecologie-Les Verts candidate.
For the French presidential election of 2012, Nicolas Hulot stated that he had voted for the Left Front's candidate, Jean-Luc Mélenchon, during the first round. He said he found Melenchon more efficient on environmental issues than Joly. He supported François Hollande in the second round.
Minister for the Ecological and Inclusive Transition
On 17 May 2017 he was appointed Minister for the Ecological and Inclusive Transition. This is following Hulot turning down offers for ministerial positions from Jacques Chirac, Nicolas Sarkozy and François Hollande's governments. The position's responsibilities are focused around climate, air pollution, energy and transport. (The latter being done in collaboration with Transport minister, Élisabeth Borne.)
On 24 June 2017, he joined Emmanuel Macron in calling for the adoption of a Global Pact for the Environment along with public figures such as Laurent Fabius, Anne Hidalgo, Arnold Schwarzenegger, and Ban Ki-moon.
On 6 July 2017, Hulot announced the government's five-year plan to outlaw all petrol and diesel vehicles by 2040. The plan would also attempt to make France carbon-neutral by 2050. Financial incentives would be offered to people who try to look for cleaner alternatives. This followed a proposal by Norway to ban all petrol and diesel vehicle sales by 2025.
On 10 July 2017, Hulot said on RTL Radio that France may close up to 17 nuclear reactors by 2025 in a new plan to reduce its share of nuclear power. Liberal think-tank Institut Montaigne released a report stating that the plan to convert from nuclear energy to wind and solar will cost €217 billion by 2035. In 2016, France's Court of Audit estimated that prolonging the lifespan of France's nuclear reactors would cost €100 billion. France currently derives 75 percent of its electricity from nuclear power.
In December 2017, to combat global warming, France adopted a law banning new fossil fuel exploitation projects and closing current ones by 2040 in all of its territories, becoming the first country to schedule the end of fossil fuel exploitation.
On 28 August 2018, Hulot resigned as Minister of Ecology during a live interview on France Inter radio, citing President Emmanuel Macron's record on environmental issues and his own frustration over feeling alone in prioritising reform. He said that his time in office had been an "accumulation of disappointments", and that he did not want to "create the illusion that we're facing up to these challenges". The Guardian wrote that "Hulot's departure is a major blow to Macron and calls into question the president's credibility on the environment".
Hulot has been criticised by some commentators, like Le Canard enchaîné and supporters of uneconomic growth and political ecology, who have criticised his use of the media and acceptance of funds from large firms, like EDF, L'Oréal and Rhône-Poulenc.
Sexual assault controversy
In February 2018, French magazine Ebdo reported that Hulot had been accused of sexual assault, related to events that took place in the 1990s. The accuser was later reported to be Pascale Mitterrand, granddaughter of former President François Mitterrand. Mitterrand had filed a police report in 2008, but no judicial charges were laid.
In 2021, French investigative news show Envoyé spécial announced that it would be releasing a documentary in which a further six women accused Hulot of assaulting them. Before the broadcast of the documentary, Hulot appeared on BFM TV to deny the allegations and to announce that he would be retiring from public life. The documentary was screened, in which four woman detailed their allegations, and subsequently reported.
Hulot was in a relationship with Dominique Cantien, the TF1 director. Hulot married world champion rock-climber Isabelle Patissier in Saint-Malo on 2 September 1993. Hulot and Patissier divorced on 9 April 1996. Hulot remarried in Viens on 2 October 2002 to Florence Lasserre, a former municipal councillor and mother to his two sons.
In 2017, Hulot declared a personal wealth of over 7 million euros and revealed he owned six cars.
- Ces enfants qui souffrent, published by PAC.
- Tabarly, 45 ans de défis, published by PAC.
- Les chemins de traverse, published by Lattès Paris, 1989, VLACC-number 00811951.
- Chasseurs de pôles (with Jean-François Chaigneau), published by Albin Michel.
- États d'âme, published by Lattès Paris, 1991 (ISBN 2-7096-0957-6).
- Questions de nature, published by Plon.
- À mes risques et plaisirs, published by Plon.
- Le syndrome du Titanic, published by Lgf, 01/2006 (ISBN 2-7021-3418-1).
- Pour un pacte écologique, published by Calmann-Levy, 11/2006 (ISBN 2-7021-3742-3).
- Osons ! Plaidoyer d’un homme libre, Les Liens qui Libèrent and Fondation Nicolas-Hulot pour la nature et l'homme, 2015 (ISBN 979-10-209-0319-8).
- "Nicolas Hulot ne sera pas ministre!". Le Point (in French). 4 February 2016. Retrieved 5 June 2021.
- Geert De Clercq, Benjamin Mallet (17 May 2017). "Green activist Hulot named French ecology minister, EDF stock slumps". Reuters. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
Hulot's job title, "minister of ecology and solidarity", does not mention energy, but government sources told Reuters he will be responsible for energy matters.
- Stone, Jon (28 August 2018). "Emmanuel Macron's environment minister dramatically quits live on air, questioning president's green credentials". The Independent. Retrieved 28 August 2018.
- "La première vie de Nicolas Hulot". LExpress.fr (in French). 13 December 2006. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
- Lourseau, Sébastien. "Nicolas HULOT / Jean-paul FLORY / Etienne-georges BATIFOULIER – RANGE ROVER V8 n°206 – Paris Dakar 1980". www.dakardantan.com (in French). Retrieved 22 July 2017.
- "Nicolas Hulot animateur des Visiteurs du mercredi". Institut National de l’Audiovisuel (in French). 10 September 1980. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
- "Les Pieds au mur – Emissions TV". www.toutelatele.com. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
- "Nicolas Hulot". Fondation Nicolas Hulot. 18 May 2015. Retrieved 22 July 2017.[failed verification]
- "La traversée de la Manche en dirigeable à pédales". Libération.fr (in French). Retrieved 22 July 2017.
- "Le passé". Compétitions Internationales d'Engins Légers. Retrieved 5 June 2021.
- "Ils nous soutiennent". Fondation Nicolas Hulot. 17 July 2015. Retrieved 5 June 2021.
- "Recherche détective écolo". Sciences et Avenir (in French). Retrieved 22 July 2017.
- "Espace presse" (PDF). Fondation pour la Nature et l'Homme créée par Nicolas Hulot. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
- Le Pacte écologique de Nicolas Hulot Archived 11 January 2010 at the Wayback Machine
- Hulot, Nicolas (13 April 2011). "Nicolas Hulot : "J'ai décidé d'être candidat à l'élection présidentielle"". Le Monde.fr (in French). ISSN 1950-6244. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
- Faure, Guillemette (13 March 2011). "Nicolas Hulot: "Le nucléaire doit faire l'objet d'un référendum"". Les Inrocks. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
- "Nicolas Hulot". Dailymotion. 14 April 2011. Retrieved 5 June 2021.
- "VIDEO: Hulot a voté Mélenchon, Joly "heureuse qu'il ait découvert la gauche"". Le Parisien. 20 June 2012. Retrieved 5 June 2021.
- Décret n° 2017-1071 du 24 mai 2017 relatif aux attributions du ministre d'Etat, ministre de la transition écologique et solidaire, 24 May 2017, retrieved 22 July 2017
- "The project for a Global Environment Pact progresses". www.medef.com (in French). Retrieved 25 September 2020.
- "France to 'ban all petrol and diesel vehicles by 2040'". The Telegraph. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
- Charlton, Angela; Corbet, Sylvie (6 July 2017). "France wants to stop sales of gas and diesel cars by 2040". Associated Press. Retrieved 5 June 2021.
- "Norwegian EV policy". elbil.no (in Norwegian Bokmål). Retrieved 22 July 2017.
- "France may close up to 17 nuclear reactors by 2025 – Hulot". Reuters. 10 July 2017. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
- "Climat, Environnement et Agriculture Benoît Hamon | Présidentielle 2017". Institut Montaigne – Présidentielle 2017 (in French). Retrieved 22 July 2017.
- "Rapport de la Cour des comptes sur la maintenance du parc nucléaire français". Scribd. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
- "France could close 'up to 17' nuclear reactors by 2025 – France 24". France 24. 10 July 2017. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
- Agence France-Presse (20 December 2017). "France bans fracking and oil extraction in all of its territories". The Guardian. Retrieved 5 June 2021.
- "La France devient le premier pays à programmer la fin des hydrocarbures". Radio télévision suisse (in French). 30 December 2017. Retrieved 5 June 2021.
- Frost, Laurence; De Clercq, Geert (28 August 2018). "Popular French environment minister quits in blow to Macron". Reuters. Retrieved 28 August 2018.
- Chrisafis, Angelique (28 August 2018). "French environment minister quits live on radio with anti-Macron broadside". The Guardian. Retrieved 28 August 2018.
- "Nicolas Hulot, le Pacte médiatique, de Sophie Divry sur decroissance.org"
- "Ne soyez pas timide, M. Hulot!" [Don't be shy, Mr Hulot!]. L'Écologiste (21). December 2006. p. 3.
- Chrisafis, Angelique. "French environment minister denies sexual assault allegation". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 February 2018.
- "Mitterrand granddaughter exposed as French minister Nicolas Hulot's accuser". The Straits Times. Retrieved 11 February 2018.
- Willsher, Kim (26 November 2021). "French ex-minister Nicolas Hulot accused of rape and sexual assault". The Guardian. London, United Kingdom. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 27 November 2021.
- "Saint-Lunaire l'a adopté". Le Parisien. 13 April 2011. Retrieved 5 June 2021.
- Gus Trompiz, Emmanuel Jarry, Marine Pennetier and Michel Rose (December 16, 2017) Elysee plays down opulence of Macron birthday at Loire chateau Reuters.
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