Nicolas Hulot

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Nicolas Hulot
Nicolas Hulot 2015 (cropped).jpg
Nicolas Hulot in 2015.
Minister of Ecological and Inclusive Transition
In office
17 May 2017 – 4 September 2018
Prime Minister Édouard Philippe
Preceded by Ségolène Royal
Personal details
Born (1955-04-30) 30 April 1955 (age 63)
Lille, France
Nationality French
Residence Hôtel de Roquelaure, Paris
Occupation Journalist, writer, environmentalist, French environment minister

Nicolas Jacques André Hulot (born 30 April 1955 in Lille, France; officier de la Légion d'honneur, chevalier des Arts et Lettres) is a French journalist and environmental activist. He is the founder and president of the Fondation Nicolas Hulot, an environmental group established in 1990.

Hulot ran as a candidate in the primary for the Europe Ecology – The Greens party in 2011 eventually losing to Eva Joly. Hulot has refused to be a minister for Jacques Chirac, Nicolas Sarkozy and François Hollande.[1]

In May 2017, he was appointed Minister of Ecological and Solidary Transition in the first Philippe government.[2] On 28 August 2018, he announced his resignation from the government.[3]

Early life[edit]

Hulot was born 30 April 1955 in Lille, France, to Monique Marguerite Marie Hulot (née Moulun), a pharmaceutical sales representative, and Philippe Marie Joseph Hulot, a gold miner in Venezuela. Hulot had one brother, Gonzaga and a sister, Beatrice.

Hulot's father Philippe died when Hulot was fifteen years old. Gonzaga Hulot committed suicide on 24 December 1974 when Hulot was 19 years old.[4]

Hulot took up rallying as a hobby when he was growing up and took part in the 1980 Dakar Rally, though he didn't finish the race due to difficulties with his vehicle.[5]

Early career[edit]

From 1973 to 1978, Hulot worked as an agency photographer for Sipa Press where he documented the 1976 Guatemala earthquake and interviewed Ian Smith during the Rhodesian Bush War.[4]

Hulot left Sipa Press in 1978 to move to France Inter after being offered work as a radio journalist and producer. Hulot debuted on television during the children's program Les Visiteurs du mercredi.[6] Hulot also presented the short-lived educational programme Les Pieds au mur.[7] Following this, Hulot became an evening reporter focusing on motorcycle events. Hulot left France Inter in 1987.

Hulot presented the television programme, Ushuaïa, le magazine de l'extrême which was focused around extreme sport and natural landscapes throughout the world. The programme was broadcast on TF1 and was co-produced by Hulot's then-girlfriend Dominique Cantien. Ushuaïa, le magazine de l'extrême made Hulot a household name in France. Ushuaïa, le magazine de l'extrême ran from 1987 to 1995. Hulot went on to present Opération Okavango (1996-1997) and Ushuaïa Nature (1998-2012)[8] Hulot's contract with TF1 ended in December 2011 though four of the remaining Ushuaïa Nature episodes aired in 2012.

Fondation Nicolas Hulot[edit]

Logo of the Nicolas Hulot Foundation for Nature and Man

In 1990, Hulot founded the Ushuaia Foundation which became Fondation Nicolas-Hulot pour la nature et l'homme in 1995.

Hulot and Gérard Feldzer, a former French airline pilot, experimented with airship prototypes originally developed by Didier Costes in 1992, and in 1993, the pair attempted to cross the Atlantic Ocean from Spain using an airship with pedals. The pair made it as far as 1,500 km before failing near the Cape Verde Islands.[9][10]

Hulot set up partnerships for the Foundation with companies such as EDF, L'Oréal and TF1.[11] In 2006, the National Museum of Natural History formed a partnership with Fondation Nicolas-Hulot pour la nature et l'homme, organising annual events to bring people together to combat climate change.[12]

In 2013, the foundation launched a think tank based around ecology.[13]

Political activities[edit]

In 2007, Nicolas Hulot told candidates in the presidential election that he would stand as a candidate if ecology were not one of the main themes of the election. Some polls estimated his support at around 15%.[citation needed] In response to his announcement, five of the twelve candidates in the election, including Nicolas Sarkozy, signed his Pacte écologique (ecology pact), stating that ecological issues would be central to all future political decisions.[14]

2011 Europe Écologie-Les Verts primary[edit]

Nicolas Hulot and Eva Joly (2012).

On 13 April 2011 while speaking in Sevran, Seine-Saint-Denis, Nicolas Hulot announced his candidacy in the Europe Écologie-Les Verts primary for the 2012 French presidential election.[15] The announcement came a month after Hulot's calls for a referendum on nuclear energy following the Fukushima nuclear accident.[16]

Hulot was invited to a televised interview on the France Inter show 7/9 by Bruno Duvic.[17]

During the first round of the primary, Hulot came second with 40.22% despite polls indicating he would be able to beat Eva Joly who got 49.75% of the vote. Hulot lost during the second round and Joly became the Europe Ecologie-Les Verts candidate.

For the French presidential election of 2012, Nicolas Hulot stated that he had voted for the Left Front's candidate, Jean-Luc Mélenchon, during the first round. He said he found Melenchon more efficient on environmental issues than Joly. He supported François Hollande in the second round.[18]

Minister of Ecological and Solidary Transition[edit]

On 17 May 2017 he was appointed Minister of Ecological and Solidary Transition. This is following Hulot turning down offers for ministerial positions from Jacques Chirac, Nicolas Sarkozy and François Hollande's governments.[1] The position's responsibilities are focused around climate, air pollution, energy and transport. (The latter being done in collaboration with Transport minister, Élisabeth Borne.)[19]

On 6 July 2017, Hulot announced the government's five-year plan to outlaw all petrol and diesel vehicles by 2040.[20] The plan would also attempt to make France carbon-neutral by 2050. Financial incentives would be offered to people who try to look for cleaner alternatives.[21] This followed a proposal by Norway to ban all petrol and diesel vehicle sales by 2025.[22]

On 10 July 2017, Hulot said on RTL Radio that France may close up to 17 nuclear reactors by 2025 in a new plan to reduce its share of nuclear power.[23] Liberal think-tank Institut Montaigne released a report stating that the plan to convert from nuclear energy to wind and solar will cost €217 billion by 2035.[24] In 2016, France's Court of Audit estimated that prolonging the lifespan of France's nuclear reactors would cost €100 billion.[25] France currently derives 75 percent of its electricity from nuclear power.[26]

In December 2017, to combat global warming, France adopted a law banning new fossil fuel exploitation projects and closing current ones by 2040 in all of its territories, becoming the first country to schedule the end of fossil fuel exploitation.[27][28]

On 28 August 2018, Hulot resigned as Minister of Ecology during a live interview on France Inter radio, citing President Emmanuel Macron's record on environmental issues and his own frustration over feeling alone in prioritising reform.[3] He said that his time in office had been an "accumulation of disappointments",[3] and that he did not want to "create the illusion that we're facing up to these challenges".[29] The Guardian wrote that "Hulot's departure is a major blow to Macron and calls into question the president's credibility on the environment".[30]

Criticism[edit]

Nicolas Hulot has been criticised by some commentators, like Le Canard enchaîné and supporters of uneconomic growth and political ecology, who have criticised his use of the media and acceptance of funds from large firms, like EDF, L'Oréal and Rhône-Poulenc.[31][32]

Personal life[edit]

Hulot was in a relationship with Dominique Cantien, the TF1 director.[citation needed] Hulot married world champion rock-climber Isabelle Patissier in Saint-Malo on 2 September 1993. Hulot and Patissier divorced on 9 April 1996. Hulot remarried in Viens on 2 October 2002 to Florence Lasserre, a former municipal councillor and mother to his two sons.[33]

In February 2018, French magazine Ebdo reported that Hulot had been the subject of an allegation of sexual assault, related to events that took place in the 1990s.[34] The accuser was later reported to be Pascale Mitterrand, granddaughter of former President François Mitterrand.[35]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Ces enfants qui souffrent, published by PAC.
  • Tabarly, 45 ans de défis, published by PAC.
  • Les chemins de traverse, published by Lattès Paris, 1989, VLACC-number 00811951.
  • Chasseurs de pôles (with Jean-François Chaigneau), published by Albin Michel.
  • États d'âme, published by Lattès Paris, 1991 (ISBN 2-7096-0957-6).
  • Questions de nature, published by Plon.
  • À mes risques et plaisirs, published by Plon.
  • Le syndrome du Titanic, published by Lgf, 01/2006 (ISBN 2-7021-3418-1).
  • Pour un pacte écologique, published by Calmann-Levy, 11/2006 (ISBN 2-7021-3742-3).
  • Osons ! Plaidoyer d’un homme libre, Les Liens qui Libèrent and Fondation Nicolas-Hulot pour la nature et l'homme, 2015 (ISBN 979-10-209-0319-8).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Point.fr, Le (2016-02-04). "Nicolas Hulot ne sera pas ministre !". Le Point (in French). Retrieved 2017-07-22. 
  2. ^ Geert De Clercq, Benjamin Mallet (17 May 2017). "Green activist Hulot named French ecology minister, EDF stock slumps". Reuters. Retrieved 7 February 2018. Hulot’s job title, “minister of ecology and solidarity”, does not mention energy, but government sources told Reuters he will be responsible for energy matters. 
  3. ^ a b c Stone, Jon (28 August 2018). "Emmanuel Macron's environment minister dramatically quits live on air, questioning president's green credentials". The Independent. Retrieved 28 August 2018. 
  4. ^ a b "La première vie de Nicolas Hulot". LExpress.fr (in French). 2006-12-13. Retrieved 2017-07-22. 
  5. ^ LOURSEAU, Sébastien. "Nicolas HULOT / Jean-paul FLORY / Etienne-georges BATIFOULIER - RANGE ROVER V8 n°206 - Paris Dakar 1980". www.dakardantan.com (in French). Retrieved 2017-07-22. 
  6. ^ Ina.fr, Institut National de l’Audiovisuel – (1980-09-10). "Nicolas Hulot animateur des Visiteurs du mercredi". Ina.fr (in French). Retrieved 2017-07-22. 
  7. ^ Toutelatele.com. "Les Pieds au mur - Emissions TV - Toutelatele.com". www.toutelatele.com. Retrieved 2017-07-22. 
  8. ^ "Nicolas Hulot | Fondation Nicolas Hulot". Fondation pour la Nature et l'Homme créée par Nicolas Hulot. 2015-05-18. Retrieved 2017-07-22. 
  9. ^ "La traversée de la Manche en dirigeable à pédales". Libération.fr (in French). Retrieved 2017-07-22. 
  10. ^ "le passé". c.i.e.l.pagesperso-orange.fr. Retrieved 2017-07-22. 
  11. ^ "Ils nous soutiennent | Fondation Nicolas Hulot". Fondation pour la Nature et l'Homme créée par Nicolas Hulot. 2015-07-17. Retrieved 2017-07-22. 
  12. ^ "Recherche détective écolo". Sciences et Avenir (in French). Retrieved 2017-07-22. 
  13. ^ "Espace presse" (PDF). Fondation pour la Nature et l'Homme créée par Nicolas Hulot. Retrieved 2017-07-22. 
  14. ^ // Le Pacte écologique de Nicolas Hulot // Archived 11 January 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
  15. ^ Hulot, Nicolas (2011-04-13). "Nicolas Hulot : "J'ai décidé d'être candidat à l'élection présidentielle"". Le Monde.fr (in French). ISSN 1950-6244. Retrieved 2017-07-22. 
  16. ^ Faure, Guillemette (2011-03-13). "Nicolas Hulot: "Le nucléaire doit faire l'objet d'un référendum"". Les Inrocks. Retrieved 2017-07-22. 
  17. ^ "Nicolas Hulot - vidéo Dailymotion". Dailymotion. 2011-04-14. Retrieved 2017-07-22. 
  18. ^ "VIDEO. Hulot a voté Mélenchon, Joly "heureuse qu'il ait découvert la gauche"". leparisien.fr. 2012-06-20. Retrieved 2017-07-22. 
  19. ^ Décret n° 2017-1071 du 24 mai 2017 relatif aux attributions du ministre d'Etat, ministre de la transition écologique et solidaire, 24 May 2017, retrieved 2017-07-22 
  20. ^ "France to 'ban all petrol and diesel vehicles by 2040'". The Telegraph. Retrieved 2017-07-22. 
  21. ^ Press, ANGELA CHARLTON and SYLVIE CORBET of The Associated. "France wants to stop sales of gas and diesel cars by 2040". Journal Star. Retrieved 2017-07-22. 
  22. ^ "Norwegian EV policy". elbil.no (in Norwegian Bokmål). Retrieved 2017-07-22. 
  23. ^ "France may close up to 17 nuclear reactors by 2025 - Hulot". Reuters. 10 July 2017. Retrieved 2017-07-22. 
  24. ^ "Climat, Environnement et Agriculture Benoît Hamon | Présidentielle 2017". Institut Montaigne - Présidentielle 2017 (in French). Retrieved 2017-07-22. 
  25. ^ "Rapport de la Cour des comptes sur la maintenance du parc nucléaire français". Scribd. Retrieved 2017-07-22. 
  26. ^ "France could close 'up to 17' nuclear reactors by 2025 - France 24". France 24. 2017-07-10. Retrieved 2017-07-22. 
  27. ^ Agence France-Presse, "France bans fracking and oil extraction in all of its territories ", The Guardian, 20 December 2017 (page visited on 30 December 2017).
  28. ^ (in French) "La France devient le premier pays à programmer la fin des hydrocarbures", Radio télévision suisse, 30 December 2017 (page visited on 30 December 2017).
  29. ^ Frost, Laurence; De Clercq, Geert (28 August 2018). "Popular French environment minister quits in blow to Macron". Reuters. Retrieved 28 August 2018. 
  30. ^ Chrisafis, Angelique (28 August 2018). "French environment minister quits live on radio with anti-Macron broadside". The Guardian. Retrieved 28 August 2018. 
  31. ^ "Nicolas Hulot, le Pacte médiatique, de Sophie Divry sur decroissance.org"
  32. ^ "Ne soyez pas timide, M. Hulot!" [Don't be shy, Mr Hulot!]. L'Écologiste (21). December 2006. p. 3. 
  33. ^ "Saint-Lunaire l'a adopté". leparisien.fr. 2011-04-13. Retrieved 2017-07-22. 
  34. ^ Chrisafis, Angelique. "French environment minister denies sexual assault allegation". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 February 2018. 
  35. ^ "Mitterrand granddaughter exposed as French minister Nicolas Hulot's accuser". The Straits Times. Retrieved 11 February 2018. 

External links[edit]