Nicole Brown Simpson
Nicole Brown Simpson
Brown in 1993
May 19, 1959
|Died||June 12, 1994 (aged 35)|
|Cause of death||Murder by stabbing and slashing|
|Resting place||Ascension Cemetery, Lake Forest, California, US|
O. J. Simpson
(m. 1985; div. 1992)
Nicole Brown Simpson (May 19, 1959 – June 12, 1994) was the German-American wife of retired professional football player and actor O. J. Simpson and the mother of their two children, Sydney and Justin. She was found murdered at her home in Los Angeles, California, on June 13, 1994, along with her friend, 25-year-old restaurant waiter Ron Goldman. O.J. Simpson was charged with both murders; after a controversial and highly publicized criminal trial, Simpson was found not guilty of all charges, but found liable for both deaths in a civil suit in 1997 and ordered to pay $33.5 million in punitive damages to the Brown and Goldman families.
Brown was born on May 19, 1959, in Frankfurt, West Germany, to Juditha Anne "Judy" Brown (née Baur, c. 1931) and Louis Hezekiel "Lou" Brown (1923–2014). Her mother was German and her father was American. She attended Rancho Alamitos High School in Garden Grove, California, and later Dana Hills High School in Dana Point, California, from which she graduated in 1977.
Relationship with O. J. Simpson
Brown met Simpson in 1977, when she was eighteen years old and working as a waitress at a Beverly Hills private club called The Daisy. Although Simpson was still married to his first wife, Marguerite, the two began dating. Simpson and Marguerite divorced in March 1979.
Simpson and Brown were married on February 2, 1985, five years after his retirement from professional football. The marriage lasted seven years, during which time they had two children, Sydney (b. 1985) and Justin (b. 1988). Simpson was investigated multiple times by police for domestic violence and pleaded no contest to spousal abuse in 1989. Brown filed for divorce on February 25, 1992, citing irreconcilable differences as the reason. Following the divorce, Simpson and Brown got back together and the abuse continued. Audio released during the murder trial of O. J. Simpson revealed that Brown called 9-1-1 on October 25, 1993, crying and saying that "He [Simpson] is going to beat the shit out of me." After this incident, the relationship would end for a second and final time.
Other alleged relationships
During her separation from Simpson, Brown was alleged to have had an affair with Simpson's friend, fellow football player and football analyst Marcus Allen. Allen denied the allegation, although it was backed by multiple members of his and Brown's inner circle, including Simpson, Faye Resnick, confidants to Sheila Weller, and Simpson's defense attorneys, who claimed that Allen confessed the affair to Simpson. Simpson nonetheless let his friend get married at Simpson's North Rockingham Avenue estate.
Brown lived at 875 South Bundy Drive, in Brentwood, Los Angeles, California, with her two children. Early on the morning of June 13, 1994, Brown, aged 35, was found dead outside her home along with restaurant waiter Ron Goldman, lying in the fetal position in a pool of blood. An autopsy determined that Brown had been stabbed seven times in the neck and scalp, and had a 5.5-inch-long (140 mm) gash across her throat, which had severed both her left and right carotid arteries and breached her right and left jugular veins. The wound on Brown's neck was so severe it had penetrated a depth of 0.75 inches (19 mm) into her cervical vertebrae, nearly decapitating her. She also had defensive wounds on her hands.
Brown's funeral was held on June 16 at the St. Martin of Tours Catholic Church in Brentwood, with mourners including Simpson and their children, members of Brown's family, family friend Al Cowlings,  Steve Garvey, Bruce Jenner, and the Kardashians.
Simpson was tried for the murders of both Brown and Goldman. In October 1995, after a public trial that lasted nearly nine months, he was acquitted. In a 1997 civil trial, a jury found him liable for the wrongful death of Brown and Goldman and awarded $19.5 million in damages to their families. Simpson was subsequently jailed for an unrelated armed robbery at a Las Vegas hotel in 2008.
In 1996, after the conclusion of the trial, a judge granted Simpson's petition to give him full custody of Sydney and Justin. Brown's parents continued unsuccessfully to fight for custody.
Following the deaths of Brown and Goldman, the townhouse at the site of their killing, 875 South Bundy Drive, sat empty for two years, until the next owner extensively remodeled it and had the address changed.
A foundation, Nicole Simpson Foundation, was established in 1994 in her memory. Later renamed the Nicole Brown Charitable Foundation, it reportedly cut back on grantmaking in 1999 due to a drop in donations and questionable management practices. Her sister, Denise Brown, has been at the center of controversy surrounding the foundation,[self-published source] but maintains its "purpose is to bring awareness, education, and inspiration to our communities".
Brown was portrayed by Jessica Tuck in the television movie The O. J. Simpson Story. She was portrayed by Sandra Olson in Reenactment of the Century. She will be portrayed by Charlotte Kirk in Joshua Newton's upcoming film Nicole & O.J. and by Mena Suvari in The Murder of Nicole Brown Simpson.
- Turvey, Brent E. (February 1995). "An Overview of the Medicolegal Evidence Regarding: The State of California v. Orenthal James Simpson, Case: BA097211". Knowledge Solutions.
- Schmalleger 1996, p. 2.
- Hubler, Shawn; Trounson, Rebecca (July 3, 1994). "Dreams of Better Days Died That Night". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
- Schindehette, Susan (August 1994). "To Live and Die in L.A." People. Vol. 42 no. 5. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
- Gates, Anita (July 6, 2014). "Louis Brown Jr., Nicole Simpson's Father, Dies at 90". The New York Times. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
- Weller 1995, pp. 76–77.
- Weller 1995, pp. 84, 122.
- Bugliosi 1997, p. 175; Weller 1995, pp. 6, 123.
- Weller 1995, p. 123.
- "The Victims". O.J. Simpson Trial News. CNN. February 3, 1985. Archived from the original on February 3, 2014. Retrieved February 23, 2014.
- Hubler, Shawn; Trounson, Rebecca (July 6, 1994). "Nicole Simpson Was Dominated by Her Husband Since She Was a Teenager". The Baltimore Sun. Archived from the original on February 1, 2014. Retrieved February 23, 2014.
- Alison Martino (August 29, 2014). "The Daisy in Beverly Hills". Vintage Los Angeles.
- Taylor Gibbs 1996, pp. 126–128.
- Weller 1995, p. 184.
- Lange, Vannatter & Moldea 1997, p. 115.
- Rimer, Sara (June 23, 1994). "The Simpson Case: The Victim; Nicole Brown Simpson: Slain At the Dawn of a Better Life". The New York Times. Retrieved March 23, 2016.
- "Child Custody Decision". Courtroom Television Network. Archived from the original on January 10, 2009. Retrieved March 4, 2016.
- Hunt 1999, p. 61.
- "Judge Allows Evidence of Domestic Violence in O. J. Simpson Murder Case". Jet. Vol. 87 no. 13. Chicago: Johnson Publishing Company. February 6, 1995. p. 51. ISSN 0021-5996. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
- Taylor Gibbs 1996, p. 136.
- Weller, Sheila (June 12, 2014). "How O.J. and Nicole Brown's Friends Coped with Murder in Their Midst". Vanity Fair. Retrieved August 29, 2017.
- Anolik, Lili (June 2014). "It All Began with O. J.". Vanity Fair. Vol. 56 no. 6. New York: Condé Nast. pp. 108ff. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
- Simpson & Fenjves 2006.
- Bacchiocchi, Gina (February 19, 2016). "Simpson's Lesbian Fling Exposed: She Was 'Falling in Love' with Female BFF, Tell-All Reveals". Radar Online. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
- Frammolino, Ralph; Hubler, Shawn (October 20, 1994). "'Diary' Opens a New, Lurid Chapter". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 22, 2017.
- Harris, Art (September 24, 1995). "What the Jury Didn't See". CNN. Retrieved September 25, 2017.
- Cronin, Lindsay (January 21, 2016). "Faye Resnick, Kathryn Edwards: Nicole Brown Simpson Affair, Marcus Allen on 'RHOBH'". Enstars.
- Margolick, David (July 25, 1995). "Simpson Expert Supports Conspiracy-Theory Defense". The New York Times. p. 9. Retrieved September 22, 2017.
- Siegel, Jessica (June 13, 1995). "Gawkers Flock to Crime Scene on Bundy Avenue 1 Year Later". Chicago Tribune.
- Bugliosi 1997, p. 19.
- Guerrasio, Jason (June 16, 2016). "O.J. Simpson Never-Before-Seen Crime-Scene Photos". Business Insider. Retrieved August 30, 2017.
- Shapiro 2009.
- Weller, Sheila (1995). Raging Heart: The Intimate Story of the Tragic Marriage of O.J. and Nicole Brown Simpson. Cited in Dear 2012.
- Cerasini 1994, p. 257.
- Weller 1995, p. 36.
- Hernandez, Greg (October 4, 1995). "Emotions Draw Crowd of 100 to Nicole Simpson's Grave Site". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 10, 2017.
- Hardesty, Greg (September 29, 2008). "Nicole Brown Simpson's Little Sister Grows Up". Orange County Register. Santa Ana, California: Freedom Communications. Retrieved September 22, 2017.
- Aamir, Sumayah (July 7, 2014). "Nicole Brown Simpson's Father Dies 20 Years After Her Murder". i4u News. Retrieved 7 July 2014.
- Auther, Jennifer; Feldman, Charles; LaMotte, Greg (February 4, 1997). "Jury Unanimous: Simpson Is Liable". CNN. Retrieved June 16, 2008.
- "Court: Simpson Still Liable for $33.5M Judgment". NBC5. The Associated Press. February 21, 2008. Archived from the original on October 9, 2008. Retrieved June 16, 2008.
- Jones, Jaleesa M. (April 11, 2016). "Kendall Jenner Opens Up About Her 'Mom's Best Friend,' Nicole Brown Simpson". USA Today. McLean, Virginia. Retrieved January 29, 2017.
- Goldberg, Carey (December 26, 1996). "Simpson Wins Custody Fight for 2 Children by Slain Wife". The New York Times. Retrieved March 10, 2009.
- Okeke-Ibezim 1997, pp. 110ff.
- Morello, Carol (December 21, 1996). "Judge Awards O.J. Simpson Custody of His Children". The Philadelphia Inquirer. p. A1. Archived from the original on July 14, 2014. Retrieved July 4, 2014.
- "OJ Faces Further Battle over Child Custody". BBC News. November 11, 1998. Retrieved July 4, 2014.
- Walker, Theresa (June 17, 2014). "Lingering Questions from the O.J. Simpson Chase". Orange County Register. Santa Ana, California: Freedom Communications. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
- Reyes, David (July 19, 1995). "The O.J. Simpson Murder Trial: Nicole Simpson Foundation Gives Shelter $10,000". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 21, 2017.
- Reza, H. G. (January 4, 1999). "The Brown Foundation Cuts Back on Giving". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 21, 2017.
- "Nicole Brown Simpson Charit Foundation – GuideStar Profile". www.guidestar.org. Retrieved July 21, 2017.
- "Why NOT to Donate to the Nicole Brown Charitable Foundation". Retrieved July 21, 2017.
- LaScala, Marisa (March 8, 2016). "Where Is Denise Brown Today? Nicole's Sister Has Worked Hard to Move Forward". Bustle. Retrieved July 21, 2017.
- Bugliosi, Vincent (1997) . Outrage: The Five Reasons Why O. J. Simpson Got Away with Murder. New York: Dell Publishing. ISBN 978-0-440-22382-5.
- Cerasini, Marc (1994). O.J. Simpson: American Hero, American Tragedy. New York: Windsor Publishing Corporation. ISBN 978-0-7860-0118-7.
- Dear, William C. (2012). O. J. Is Innocent and I Can Prove It: The Shocking Truth About the Murders of Nicole Brown Simpson and Ron Goldman. New York: Skyhorse Publishing. ISBN 978-1-63220-072-3.
- Hunt, Darnell M. (1999). O. J. Simpson Facts and Fictions: News Rituals in the Construction of Reality. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. doi:10.1017/CBO9780511489204. ISBN 978-0-521-62468-8.
- Lange, Tom; Vannatter, Philip; Moldea, Dan E. (1997). Evidence Dismissed: The Inside Story of the Police Investigation of O. J. Simpson. New York: Pocket Books.
- Okeke-Ibezim, Felicia (1997). O.J. Simpson: The Trial of the Century. New York: Ekwike Publications. ISBN 978-0-9661598-0-6.
- Schmalleger, Frank (1996). Trial of the Century: People of the State of California vs. Orenthal James Simpson. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall. ISBN 978-0-13-235953-5.
- Shapiro, Robert L. (2009) . The Search for Justice: A Defense Attorney's Brief on the O.J. Simpson Case. Boston: Grand Central Publishing. ISBN 978-0-446-57007-7.
- Simpson, O. J.; Fenjves, Pablo (2006). If I Did It (cancelled ed.). ReganBooks.
- Taylor Gibbs, Jewelle (1996). Race and Justice: Rodney King and O. J. Simpson in a House Divided. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. ISBN 978-0-7879-0264-3.
- Weller, Sheila (1995). Raging Heart: The Intimate Story of the Tragic Marriage of O.J. and Nicole Brown Simpson. New York: Pocket Books. ISBN 978-0-671-52145-5.
- "Case Files: Simpson". Court TV. Archived from the original on February 3, 2004. Court TV's complete coverage of the O. J. Simpson murder case.
- "Nicole Brown Foundation". nicolebrown.org.
- Nicole Brown Simpson at Find a Grave
- Nicole Brown Simpson on IMDb
- "Nicole Brown Simpson's Death". Famously Dead.