Nicollet Mall

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Nicollet Mall (as it looked prior to the renovation in 2016-2017) on a Saturday morning
View of Nicollet Mall from the skyway. Street banners in view made by Banner Creations, Inc.
View of Nicollet Mall (as it looked from 1991 to 2016) from the skyway. Street banners in view made by Banner Creations, Inc.

Nicollet Mall is a twelve-block portion of Nicollet Avenue running through downtown Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States. It is the shopping and dining district of the city, and also a pedestrian and transit mall. Along with Hennepin Avenue to the west, Nicollet Mall forms a cultural and commercial center of Minneapolis.

Several notable Minneapolis buildings line the Mall, notably the IDS Center, the former Dayton's flagship store, Orchestra Hall, and the Hennepin County Library. Minneapolis CBS Station WCCO-TV broadcasts from studios and offices on the south end of the Mall. Several major companies have their headquarters along the Mall, including Target Corporation and US Bank. On Thursdays during the summer, the Nicollet Mall hosts a farmers' market while in the winter the Holidazzle Parade, now entitled "Holidazzle Village", are hosted in the Mall.[1]

History[edit]

By the beginning of the 20th century, Nicollet Avenue had defined itself as the city's primary shopping street, as department stores such as G.W. Hale Dry Goods Co. (opening 1867), Donaldson's (1881), and Dayton's (1902) all opened on this stretch.[2] Elizabeth Quinlan, the first woman clothing buyer in the country, opened her store in the Young–Quinlan Building, also on Nicollet.[3]

The first commercial district in Minneapolis centered on the intersection of Nicollet and Hennepin Avenues, an area known as Bridge Square and later the Gateway District. As the city grew and the area became more congested, businesses started moving south from Washington Avenue. When Bridge Square arose in 1906, residents bought hay, dry goods, and supplies at the city market and small stores on Hennepin and Nicollet. Gateway Park replaced the Square in 1913, a green center with a classical pavilion, but was later razed in 1953.[4] Until demolition began in 1959, most of Gateway District remained: a notorious skid row, two parks, large commercial buildings, and hundreds of businesses. The district was seen as suffering from social problems due to the number of flophouses, pawnshops, burlesque theaters, and bars in addition to a high crime rate.[5][6]

With hopes to solve these problems, city officials began ordering improvements on the area in the 1950s, culminating in the Gateway Center Urban Renewal project, which was approved in 1958 by unanimous City Council vote. Demolition began in 1959.[7][8] Simultaneously, American shopping habits had begun changing in the mid-20th century, resulting in shopping centers moving to the suburbs. Southdale Center, the nation's first modern enclosed shopping mall, opened in neighboring Edina in 1956. In response, several efforts were undertaken in order to help downtown compete for retail. One was the construction of the renowned skyway system; the second was the creation of Nicollet Mall.[9]

In 1962 the Downtown Council adopted a plan for the mall that was approved by the Minneapolis City Council. The project began construction in 1967 and complete on November 1967 at a cost of $3.875 million. The mall was originally an eight block, 3,200 feet, stretch of Nicollet Avenue that was converted into a curving, tree-lined mall closed to automobile traffic, with an 80-foot right-of-way. The mall was later renovated in 1990 with parts of the underground portion being rebuilt at a cost of $22 million.[10] The original mall had a curvilinear "S" curve alignment with a road width of 24 feet, while the renovated mall has a "C" curve alignment. The 1967 design was done by Lawrence Halprin Associates, while the 1990 redesign was done by BRW, Inc.[11][12]

The summer of 2015 started a two-year, $50-million renovation of the mall. The improvements will add much more green space, pedestrian amenities and connectivity to surroundings.[13]

Nicollet Mall is known as the first transit mall in the United States, and it inspired the creation of transit malls in other cities, including Portland, Oregon and Denver, Colorado.[14] Civic and business leaders, including the Dayton Company and downtown Minneapolis business owners, were instrumental in this transition.

In popular culture[edit]

Target store ceiling in Nicollet Mall store

The tam o'shanter cap toss by television character Mary Richards in the opening credits of The Mary Tyler Moore Show was filmed on Nicollet Mall, in front of what was then the flagship Dayton's department store. In 1999, Entertainment Weekly named this scene the second greatest moment of television history. The Mall was also the setting of numerous location shots during the run of The Mary Tyler Moore Show.

In May 2002, a bronze sculpture of Moore's character, created by Gwen Gillen and commissioned by TV Land, was dedicated at the corner of 7th Street and Nicollet Mall.[15] Gillen's design was chosen from a group of 21 sculptors who submitted applications for the sculpture.[16]

Today[edit]

The Dayton's department store at 7th & Nicollet was renamed Marshall Field's in 2001, and then Macy's in 2006. It closed in 2017. The corporate descendant of Dayton's, Target Corporation, has a large presence on the Mall, with both their corporate headquarters at 10th Street and a two-level retail store at 9th.

There is Saks Fifth Avenue Off 5th which was converted from the only Saks Fifth Avenue store in the Twin Cities upon its closing in 2004. It is one of the largest Sak's Off 5th stores in the United States. National retailers and local boutiques cluster around several locations, namely the Crystal Court, City Center and Gaviidae Common located on the Mall, although most of these buildings are empty on weekends and close by 8 pm on weekdays. City Center has a handful of shops like GNC and Hallmark. Recently Brooks Brothers reopened on the second floor of City Center after closing its store in Mall of America.[17]

Over the years, Nicollet Mall has seen the closing of several national clothing brands, including Polo Ralph Lauren and Cole Haan, which was also its only store in the Twin Cities. Cole Haan reopened at the Galleria Edina. Fewer than ten stores of that kind still remain, including Gap, Banana Republic, Men's Wearhouse, Thomas Pink located on the skyway level of Macy's and aforementioned Brooks Brothers. Other shops are either local boutiques or specialty stores. The department stores Macy's and Saks Fifth Avenue Outlet are located on the mall. Neiman Marcus had a store on the Mall until it closed in 2013.[18] The Macy's downtown, was the division headquarters of Macy's North from 2006 to 2008 before it was integrated into Macy's East headquartered in New York City. Since 2000, the century-old local menswear store Hubert White has resided inside the IDS Center,[19][20] selling upscale men's clothing, mainly by Ermenegildo Zegna.

In addition to Target Corporation, Fortune 500 companies U.S. Bancorp and Xcel Energy also have their headquarters on Nicollet, while WCCO-TV (CBS Channel 4) broadcasts from studios on the south end of the Mall, including a 'window to the world' news studio on the first floor of their facility.[citation needed]

As a transit mall, Nicollet Mall has been served by many Metro Transit buses, including several high frequency routes. Aside from buses, only taxis and emergency vehicles are allowed on the two-lane road. Bikes have access during non-weekday rush hours, although this is expected to change in March 2010 when several express bus routes are moved to Marquette and 2nd Avenues in the second phase of the "Marq2" project.[21][needs update]

Metro Transit provides light rail service at the Nicollet Mall station via the Blue Line and Green Line. The Blue Line, opened in 2004, connects downtown Minneapolis to the airport and to the Mall of America in Bloomington. The Green Line, opened in June 2014, connects downtown Minneapolis to the main University of Minnesota campus and to downtown St. Paul. Metro Transit has also introduced a free circulator bus along Nicollet Mall that runs from the Minneapolis Convention Center to the Nicollet Mall station.[22]

The Loring Greenway links the south end of the Mall to nearby Loring Park.

Holidazzle Parades[edit]

The Holidazzle Parades were a series of parades located on Nicollet Mall in downtown Minneapolis. The parades were held from the day after Thanksgiving until a couple days before Christmas. The parade was started in the early 1990s in order to increase business for the downtown stores.[23][24]

Macy's, sponsor of the Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade in New York City and the Celebrate the Season Parade in Pittsburgh, is a former sponsor, [23] as was Target Corporation; Target formerly sponsored the State Street Thanksgiving Parade in Chicago.

In 2013, organizers announced the parades would be discontinued in favor of a new German-style Christmas market called "Holidazzle Village".[1] Located on Nicollet Mall in Peavey Plaza, the village features live music, fireworks and local and international vendors. It runs from the Friday after Thanksgiving up until Christmas Eve.[25]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "New Holidazzle Market Coming To Downtown Minneapolis". Retrieved 2016-06-17.
  2. ^ Apgar, Sally (16 September 1996). "Evolving mall". Star Tribune.
  3. ^ "Young Quinlan Department Store". February 2007. Retrieved 24 May 2018.
  4. ^ Mack, Linda (16 January 2002). "Library as gateway? Long ago Hennepin and Nicollet avenues converged in a public space called Bridge Square. That space is long gone, but its spirit might be renewed - and updated for the 21st century - in Minneapolis' downtown library project". Star Tribune.
  5. ^ Nelson, Rick (4 October 2002). "Skid Row revisited. A new book chronicles the life, death and renewal of the Gateway District in downtown Minneapolis". Star Tribune.
  6. ^ "A gateway to a better downtown". Star Tribune. 18 February 2015.
  7. ^ Millett, Larry (24 November 2017). "Letting the Gateway go: Nearly 60 years after its demise, we still mourn Minneapolis' Gateway District. Maybe we shouldn't". Star Tribune. Retrieved 24 May 2018.
  8. ^ Sorensen, Tom (19 May 1979). "No more can a drunk hope to trudge the dank depths of the city's skid row". Minneapolis Tribune.
  9. ^ Lindeke, Bill (29 May 2015). "Nicollet Mall: As in the 80s, redo saw a need for skyway-street connection but abandoned it". MinnPost.
  10. ^ "A new Nicollet Mall? It's a contest". Star Tribune. Retrieved 2016-06-16.
  11. ^ "Assessment of Community Planning for Mass Transit" (PDF). Office of Technology Assessment, U.S. Congress. February 1976. pp. Page 8 ("Metropolitan Setting"). Retrieved 2009-06-04.
  12. ^ Rubenstein, Harvey M. (1992-01-01). Pedestrian Malls, Streetscapes, and Urban Spaces. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 9780471546801.
  13. ^ Staff, MPR News. "See it: Nicollet Mall's nearly final redesign". www.mprnews.org. Retrieved 2016-06-17.
  14. ^ Transit-Friendly Streets: Design and Traffc Management Strategies to Support Livable Communities (TCRP Report 33). U.S. National Research Council (Transportation Research Board). 1998. p. 8. ISBN 0-309-06265-9.
  15. ^ "Gwendolyn Gillen, 76, Wis. artist who cast Mary Tyler Moore sculpture". Boston Globe. 2017-02-10. Retrieved 2017-02-27.
  16. ^ Hauer, Sarah (2017-01-31). "Obituary: Gwen Gillen created Mary Tyler Moore bronze". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved 2017-02-27.
  17. ^ "Is downtown Minneapolis retail going downhill?". Star Tribune. Retrieved 2016-06-16.
  18. ^ Zoss, Jermey (July 31, 2012). "Biz Buzz // Neiman Marcus to close in 2013". The Journal. Minnesota Premier Publications. Retrieved August 12, 2012.
  19. ^ "Hubert White Celebrates 100 Years of Business". Retrieved 2018-04-24.
  20. ^ "Hubert White celebrates a century in business". Star Tribune. Retrieved 2018-04-24.
  21. ^ "Faster express service is coming to downtown Minneapolis". Metro Transit. 2009. Retrieved 2010-02-09.
  22. ^ "Metro Transit - Ride Free Along Nicollet Mall".
  23. ^ a b "Join Us at the Macy's Holidazzle Parade". Emergency Foodshelf Network. Retrieved 2007-12-24.
  24. ^ "Holidazzle parades begin tonight". Star Tribune. Archived from the original on 2007-12-26. Retrieved 2007-12-26.
  25. ^ Sawkar, Vineeta (2014-11-28). "Holidazzle Village with carousel, shops opens this afternoon". StarTribune.com. Retrieved 2018-04-24.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°58′36″N 93°16′20″W / 44.97677°N 93.27233°W / 44.97677; -93.27233