Nicotiana sylvestris

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Nicotiana sylvestris
Ziertabak.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Solanales
Family: Solanaceae
Genus: Nicotiana
Species: N. sylvestris
Binomial name
Nicotiana sylvestris
Speg. & Comes

Nicotiana sylvestris is a species of flowering plant in the nightshade family Solanaceae, known by the common names woodland tobacco, flowering tobacco, and South American tobacco. It is a perennial plant in the tobacco genus Nicotiana, native to the Andes region in Argentina and Bolivia, in South America.

Description[edit]

It is a tall plant, growing to 1.5 m (4.9 ft) high by 0.5 m (1.6 ft) broad. The leaves are simple, somewhat sticky, with the blade partially surrounding the stem, clasping petiole.

Flowers are produced on many-branched stems.[1] The flowers are tubular, white, borne in racemes held above the foliage. Flowers can be over 7 cm long with a face 2 cm wide. Their intense scent is strongest at night, to attract pollinating moths. Each flower eventually produces a large quantity of small seeds.

This plant is thought to be one of the parents of Nicotiana tabacum, the plant used in modern tobacco production.[2] However, all parts of N. sylvestris can cause discomfort or irritation if consumed.

Cultivation[edit]

Nicotiana sylvestris is cultivated as an ornamental plant.[3] It is often planted in gardens for its architectural qualities and highly fragrant flowers. Though a short-lived perennial, in colder zones it is normally grown as a half-hardy annual, sown under glass with heat in early spring, and planted out after the last frosts. It will only successfully overwinter in more sheltered coastal areas or parts of London where the temperature never falls below −5 °C (23 °F).[4]

This plant has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[4][5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964. 
  2. ^ Kawashima, N. 1976. Origin of Nicotiana tabacum detected by primary structure of fraction I protein. Biochim Biophys Acta 427(1):70-7.
  3. ^ Ley, Willy (December 1965). "The Healthfull Aromatick Herbe". For Your Information. Galaxy Science Fiction. pp. 88–98. 
  4. ^ a b "RHS Plant Selector - Nicotiana sylvestris". Retrieved 25 May 2013. 
  5. ^ "AGM Plants - Ornamental" (PDF). Royal Horticultural Society. July 2017. p. 69. Retrieved 13 April 2018. 

External links[edit]