Nida Fazli نِدا فاضلی
Nida Fazli (Chandigarh, 28 January 2014)
|Born||Muqtida Hasan Nida Fazli|
12 October 1938
Delhi, British India
|Died||8 February 2016 (aged 77)|
Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
|Occupation||Poet, novelist, lyricist|
Muqtida Hasan Nida Fazli, known as Nida Fazli (12 October 1938 – 8 February 2016), was a prominent Indian Hindi and Urdu poet, lyricist and dialogue writer. He was awarded the Padma Shri in 2013 by the government of India for his contribution to literature.
Early life and background
Born in Delhi, India into a Kashmiri family, Nida Fazli grew up in Gwalior, where he attended school and subsequently studied English literature. His father was also an Urdu poet. During the partitioning of India, his parents migrated to Pakistan, but Fazli decided to stay in India.
While still young, Fazli was passing by a Hindu temple where a bhajan singer was singing a composition of Surdas about Radha sharing her sorrow with her maids at being separated from her beloved Krishna. The poetic beauty of the Pad, relating to the close rapport and bonding between human beings, inspired Nida to begin writing poems.
During that period, he felt that there were limitations in Urdu poetry. He absorbed the essence of Mir and Ghalib to express what he intended. He was fascinated by the lyrical mood of Meera and Kabir and widened his knowledge of poetry by studying T. S. Eliot, Gogol and Anton Chekhov.
He moved to Mumbai in search of a job in 1964. In the early days of his career, he wrote in Dharmayug and Blitz . His poetic style attracted the notice of filmmakers and writers of Hindi and Urdu literature. He was often invited to Mushairas, the prestigious recitation sessions of one's own poetry. He became known among readers and ghazal singers for his elegant presentation and exclusive use of colloquial language for ghazals, dohaas and nazms, while avoiding ornate Persian imagery and compound words to simplify his poetry. He wrote the famous couplet: 'Duniya jise kehte hain jaadu kaa Khilona hai Mil jaaye to mitti hai kho jaaye to sona hai'. Some of his famous film songs include Aa bhi jaa (Sur), Tu is tarah se meri zindagi mein (Aap To Aise Na The) and Hosh waalon ko khabar Kya (Sarfarosh). He wrote essays critical of contemporary poets of the sixties in his book Mulaqatein which outraged poets including Sahir Ludhianvi, Ali Sardar Jafri and Kaifi Azmi. As a result, he was boycotted in some poetic sessions. His career improved when Kamal Amrohi, a filmmaker, approached him. The original songwriter Jan Nisar Akhtar working on the film Razia Sultan (1983) had died before completing the project. Nida wrote the final two songs and attracted other Hindi filmmakers.
His celebrated lyrics were also used in Aap to aise na the, Is Raat Ki Subah Nahin (1996) and Gudiya. He wrote the title song of TV serials like Sailaab, Neem ka Ped, Jaane Kya Baat Hui and Jyoti. The composition "Koi Akelaa Kahaan" is another popular composition sung by Kavita Krishnamurthy. His ghazals and other compositions are sung by notable artists of the day. He teamed up with Jagjit Singh in 1994 to bring an album named Insight, which got appreciation for its soulful poetry and music. Shortly before his death he wrote columns for BBC Hindi website on various contemporary issues and literature. Mirza Ghalib's works were often mentioned by him.
Nida Fazli is a poet of various moods and to him the creative sentiment and inner urge are the sources of poetry. He thinks that the feeling of a poet is similar to an artist: like a painter or a musician. In contrast he found lyric writing a mechanical job as he had to fulfil the demands of the script and the director. Later he accepted the practical necessity of money which comes from lyric writing and helps one to ponder on creative work.
He published his first collection of Urdu poetry in 1969. Childhood imagery persistently reflects in his poetry as elements of nostalgia. Primary themes which run through his poetry are contradictions in life, the search for purpose, nuances of human relationships, differences between practice and preaching, and the groping for that which is lost.
Contribution towards communal harmony
Nida Fazli disagreed with the partition of India and has spoken out against the communal riots, politicians and fundamentalism. During the riots of December 1992 he had to take shelter in his friend's house due to security concerns.
He was honoured with the National Harmony Award for writing on communal harmony. He wrote 24 books in Urdu, Hindi and Gujarati — some of which are assigned as school textbooks in Maharashtra. He received the Mir Taqi Mir award for his autobiographical novel Deewaron Ke Bich from the Government of Madhya Pradesh.
List of works
- Ab kahan dusre ke dukh se dukhi hone vale
- Lafzon ke phool لفظوں کے پھول
- Mor Naach مور ناچ
- Aankh aur Khwab ke Darmiyaan آنکھ اور خواب کے درمیان
- Safar mein dhoop to hogi سفر میں دھوپ تو ھو گی
- khoya hua sa kuch کھویا ھوا سا سچ
- Duniya ek khilona hai دُنیا ایک کِھلونا ھے
- 1998 Sahitya Akademi Award in Urdu for Khoya Hua Sa Kuchh (Poetry collection)
- 2003 Star Screen Award for Best Lyricist for Sur
- 2003 Bollywood Movie Award - Best Lyricist for Aa Bhi Ja from Sur
- 2013 Padma Shri; the Government of India.
- Aap To Aise Na The (1980) آپ تو ایسے نہ تھے
- Nakhuda (1981) ناخُدا
- Harjaee (1981) ہر جائی
- Anokha Bandhan (1982) انوکھا بندھن
- Razia Sultan (1983) رضیہ سُلطان
- Vijay (1988) وِجے
- Is Raat Ki Subah Nahin (1996) اِس رات کی صُبح نہیں
- Tamanna (1997) - Ghar se masjid hai
- Sarfarosh (1999) - "Hoshwalon Ko Khabar Kya" ہوش والوں کو خبر کیا
- Sur – The Melody of Life (2002) - (Aa bhee jaa, ai subha aa bhee jaa)' آ بھی جا اے صُبح آ بھی جا
- Dev (2004)
- Yatra (2006) یاترہ
As dialogue writer
- "Citizens decry petty politics". The Times of India. 10 November 2009.
- "When writing poetry becomes a 'business'". The Hindu. 6 August 2007.
- Ghosh, Avijit (8 February 2016). "Noted Urdu poet and Bollywood lyricist Nida Fazli passes away". The Times of India. Retrieved 10 February 2016.
- Press Trust of India (8 February 2016). "Poet behind 'Hosh waalon Ko Khabar Kya', Nida Fazli, passes away at 78". Daily News and Analysis. Retrieved 10 February 2016.
- Farook, Farhana (8 February 2016). "Nida Fazli's last Filmfare interview". Filmfare. Retrieved 10 February 2016.
- Khurana, Suanshu (9 February 2016). "He poured far too much of heart and reality into his poetry". The Indian Express. Retrieved 10 February 2016.
- "Noted Urdu poet Nida Fazli exhorts people to be human". The Times of India. 24 September 2013.
- "यादों का एक शहर..." BBC. Retrieved 7 July 2010.
- "Ghalib's legacy lives on even after 211 years". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 30 December 2008.
- "Without women empowerment, I don't see the world developing — Nida Fazli". The News International. 9 October 2013.
- "kasab and amitabh bachchan compared by nida fazli 10031566". Dainik Jagran. 12 January 2013.
- "Nida Fazli, the last of the great Urdu poets". Rediff.com. 8 February 2016. Retrieved 10 February 2016.
- "Wordsmith Nida Fazli at his lyrical best". Filmfare. 16 June 2014.
- Khurana, Suanshu (9 February 2016). "Nida Fazli's poetry: where Krishna met Allah". The Indian Express. Retrieved 10 February 2016.
- Sharma, Ankur (14 January 2013). "मैंने अमिताभ को कसाब नहीं कहा: निदा फाजली" (in Hindi). OneIndia.com. Archived from the original on 10 August 2014.
- "Noted Poet Nida Fazli to visit city on September 22". City Air News. 20 September 2013.
- "Didn't Compare Amitabh With Kasab: Nida Fazli". Outlook. Retrieved 8 February 2016.
- Sahadevan, Sonup (8 February 2016). "Industry greats remember late Nida Fazli". The Indian Express. Retrieved 10 February 2016.
- "Urdu poet Nida Fazli dies at 78". Hindustan Times. 8 February 2016. Retrieved 10 February 2016.
- "SAHITYA Akademi Awards :Urdu". Sahitya Akademi Award. Retrieved 9 February 2016.
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