Nidugal Cholas were a dynasty of chiefs who ruled parts of Karnataka during the 12th and 13th centuries.
Their stronghold was the hill fortress of Nidugal. The most famous among the line was Irungola deva Chola Maharaja(Irungola II) who had his capital at Henjeru. They were hostile towards the Hoysalas and resisted the latter but were subdued for a brief time during the reign of Vishnuvardhana. Later, they once again asserted their independence with the decline of the Chola and Hoysala kingdoms. They bore titles such as Lord of Uraiyur (the early Chola capital) and claimed descent from the legendary Chola king Karikala.