Niederwalddenkmal

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Niederwalddenkmal
Niederwalddenkmal ohne Personen.jpg
Niederwalddenkmal in 2015
Niederwalddenkmal is located in Germany
Niederwalddenkmal
Location in Germany
Niederwalddenkmal is located in Hesse
Niederwalddenkmal
Niederwalddenkmal (Hesse)
Coordinates 49°58′51″N 7°53′59″E / 49.98083°N 7.89972°E / 49.98083; 7.89972Coordinates: 49°58′51″N 7°53′59″E / 49.98083°N 7.89972°E / 49.98083; 7.89972
Location Rüdesheim am Rhein
Designer Johannes Schilling, Karl Weißbach
Height 38 metres (125 ft)
Beginning date 1871
Completion date 1883
Dedicated to Founding of the German Empire 1871
Website niederwalddenkmal.de/

The Niederwalddenkmal is a monument located in the Niederwald, near Rüdesheim am Rhein in Hesse, Germany. It overlooks the valley of the Rhine and was built in the 1870/80s to commemorate the Unification of Germany.

History[edit]

The monument was constructed to commemorate the founding of the German Empire in 1871 after the end of the Franco-Prussian War. The first stone was laid on 16 September 1871, by Kaiser Wilhelm I (William I). The sculptor was Johannes Schilling, and the architect was Karl Weißbach. The total cost of the work is estimated at one million gold marks. The monument was inaugurated on 28 September 1883. The 38 metres (125 ft) tall monument represents the union of all Germans.[1]

Description[edit]

Structure[edit]

The central figure is the 10.5 metres (34 ft) tall Germania figure, holding the recovered crown of the emperor in the right hand and in the left the Imperial Sword.

"Wacht am Rhein" lyrics, under the Kaiser Relief.

Beneath Germania is a large relief that shows emperor William I riding a horse with nobility, the army commanders and soldiers. The relief has the lyrics of "Die Wacht am Rhein" (Watch on the Rhine) engraved.

On the left side of the monument is the "peace statue". The "war statue" is located on the right.

Inscription[edit]

Niederwalddenkmal ca. 1900

The monument's main inscription is engraved on the pedestal of the Germania statue:

ZUM ANDENKEN
AN DIE EINMUETHIGE
SIEGREICHE ERHEBUNG
DES DEUTSCHEN VOLKES
UND AN DIE
WIEDERAUFRICHTUNG
DES DEUTSCHEN REICHES
1870–1871

In memory
of the unanimous
victorious uprising
of the German People
and of the
reinstitution
of the German Empire
1870–1871

Location[edit]

The Niederwald (de) is a broad hill on the right bank of the Rhine, between that river and its contributory Wisper, opposite Bingen am Rhein. The hill forms the southwestern apex of the Taunus range. Its summit is covered by dense forest of oak and beech. Its southern and western sides, which descend sharply to Rüdesheim am Rhein and Assmannshausen on the Rhine, are covered with vineyards. The monument is located at the edge of the forest, on the crest of the hill above Rüdesheim.[2][3]

Access[edit]

The Niederwalddenkmal can be reached by gondola lift (formerly a rack railway), from Rüdesheim to Niederwald, by car or chairlift from Assmannshausen or by trails on foot.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Die Geschichte des Niederwalddenkmals, niederwalddenkmal.de (in German)
  2. ^ Wikisource Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Niederwald". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  3. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg Rines, George Edwin, ed. (1920). "Niederwald". Encyclopedia Americana. 

External links[edit]