Nieuport 24

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Nieuport 24 and 24bis
Nieuport 24 with fancy paintjob.jpg
Nieuport 24 C.1
Role fighter / advanced trainer
National origin France
Manufacturer Nieuport
Designer Gustave Delage
First flight 1917
Status retired
Primary users Aéronautique Militaire
Royal Flying Corps
Royal Naval Air Service
Developed from Nieuport 17bis
Variants Nieuport 27

The Nieuport 24 was a French sesquiplane fighter aircraft during World War I designed by Gustave Delage as a replacement for the successful Nieuport 17. In the event its performance was little better than the type it was meant to replace, which was largely superseded by the SPAD S.7 instead. Operational Nieuport 24s served with French, British and Russian units, and the type also served widely as an advanced trainer.

Design and development[edit]

The Nieuport 24 introduced a new fuselage of improved aerodynamic form, rounded wingtips, and a tail unit incorporating a small fixed fin and a curved rudder. The tailskid was sprung internally and had a neater appearance than that on earlier Nieuports. A 130 hp Le Rhône rotary engine was fitted.

There were initial structural problems with the new tail, and most production aircraft of the type were of the Nieuport 24bis model, which retained the fuselage and wings of the 24, but reverted to the Nieuport 17 type tailplane, tailskid and rectangular balanced rudder. The new tail was finally standardised on the Nieuport 27.

A batch of Nieuport 24bis were built in England for the Royal Naval Air Service.

The standard armament of the Nieuport 17 (a synchronised Vickers in French service - a Lewis gun on a Foster mounting on the top wing in British service) was retained to save weight and retain a good performance, although many 24s were used as advanced trainers and normally flown without guns.

Service history[edit]

Nieuport 24bis trainers

In the summer of 1917, when the Nieuport 24 and 24bis. were coming off the production line, most French fighter squadrons were replacing their Nieuport 17s with SPAD S.VIIs – and many of the new fighters went to fighter training schools, and to France’s allies, including the Russians, and the British, who used theirs well into 1918, due to a shortage of S.E.5as. A few French units retained the Nieuport through late 1917 – the type was actually preferred by some pilots, especially the famous Charles Nungesser.

Some of the large number of Nieuport advanced trainers bought by the Americans for their flying schools in France in November 1917 were 24s or 24bis.

Variants[edit]

Nieuport 24
single seat fighter
Nieuport 24bis
similar to 24 but used earlier metal tail with a comma shaped rudder and an angular horizontal tail.
Nieuport 27
development of 24 with pivoted tailskid.
Nakajima Ko-3
Japanese built version of the Nieuport 24.
Nieuport B.Kh2
Siamese designation for Nieuport 24bis.

Operators[edit]

 Afghanistan
 Brazil
 Bulgaria
 France
 Estonia
Japanese Nakajima Ko-3, a licence built Nieuport 24
 Greece
 Latvia
 Japan
 Poland
 Romania
 Russia
 Serbia
Thailand Siam (Thailand)
 Turkey
 United Kingdom
 Soviet Union
 United States
 Kingdom of Yugoslavia

Specifications (Nieuport 24bis.)[edit]

Data from[citation needed]

General characteristics

Performance

Armament

See also[edit]

Related development

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Andersson Air Enthusiast May/June 2003, p. 20.
  2. ^ Историја. "Нијепор 24". Vazduhoplovnetradicijesrbije.rs. Retrieved 2014-02-05. 
  3. ^ Bruce 1982, p. 336.

References[edit]

  • Andersson, Lennart. "Turbulent Origins: The First 30 Years of Aviation in Afghanistan". Air Enthusiast, No. 105, May/June 2003. pp. 19–27. ISSN 0143-5450.
  • Bruce, Jack M. "More Nieuport Classics". Air Enthusiast, Number Five, November 1977-February 1978. Bromley, Kent, UK: Pilot Press. pp. 14–28.
  • Bruce, J.M. The Aeroplanes of the Royal Flying Corps (Military Wing). London:Putnam, 1982. ISBN 0-370-30084-X.
  • Bruce, J.M. (1994). Nieuport Fighters - A Windsock Datafile Special Volumes 1 & 2. Herts, UK: Albatros Publications. ISBN 978-0948414541. 
  • Cheesman E.F. (ed.) Fighter Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War Letchworth, Harletford Publications, 1960 pp. 96–97
  • Cooksley, Peter (1997). Nieuport Fighters In Action. In Action Aircraft Number 167. Carrollton, TX: Squadron/Signal Publications. ISBN 978-0897473774. 
  • Franks, Norman (2000). Nieuport Aces of World War 1 - Osprey Aircraft of the Aces 33. Oxford: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1-85532-961-1. 
  • Janić Č, Petrović O, Short History of Aviation in Serbia, Beograd, Aerokomunikacije, 2011. ISBN 978-86-913973-2-6
  • Kowalski, Tomasz J (2003). Nieuport 1-27. Lublin: Kagero. ISBN 978-8389088093. 
  • Sanger, Ray (2002). Nieuport Aircraft of World War One. Wiltshire: Crowood Press. ISBN 978-1861264473. 
  • Taylor, John W. R., and Jean Alexander. "Combat Aircraft of the World" New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1969 Pg.115 Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 68-25459