Nieuwe Kerk (Delft)

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Nieuwe Kerk
Delft, de Nieuwe Kerk foto1 RM11872 foto4 2016-03-13 12.38.jpg
Nieuwe Kerk, Delft
Location
LocationDelft, Netherlands
Geographic coordinates52°00′44″N 4°21′39″E / 52.0123°N 4.3609°E / 52.0123; 4.3609Coordinates: 52°00′44″N 4°21′39″E / 52.0123°N 4.3609°E / 52.0123; 4.3609
Architecture
TypeChurch tower
StyleGothic
Groundbreaking1396
Completed1496
Height (max)108.75 m (356.79 ft)
Designated as NHLDutch rijksmonument #11872

The Nieuwe Kerk (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈniʋə ˈkɛr(ə)k]; English: New Church) is a Protestant church in the city of Delft in the Netherlands. The building is located on Delft Market Square (Markt), opposite to the City Hall (Dutch: Stadhuis). In 1584, William the Silent was entombed here in a mausoleum designed by Hendrick and Pieter de Keyser. Since then members of the House of Orange-Nassau have been entombed in the royal crypt. The latest are Queen Juliana and her husband Prince Bernhard in 2004. The private royal family crypt is not open to the public. The church tower, with the most recent recreation of the spire which was designed by Pierre Cuypers and completed in 1872,[1] is the second highest in the Netherlands, after the Domtoren in Utrecht.

History[edit]

Family in the Nieuwe Kerk with the monument of Willem the Silent, by Dirk van Delen, 1645

The New Church, formerly the church of St. Ursula (14th century), is the burial place of the princes of Orange.[2] The church is remarkable for its fine tower and chime of bells, and contains the splendid allegorical monument of William the Silent, crafted by Hendrik de Keyser and his son Pieter about the year 1621, and the tomb of Hugo Grotius, born in Delft in 1583, whose statue, erected in 1886, stands in the marketplace outside the church.[2] The tower was built 1396-1496 by Jacob van der Borch, who also built the Dom in Utrecht during the years 1444-1475.[3] The monument for Hugo de Groot was made in 1781.[3] The mechanical clock has 18 bells by Francois Hemony from 1659 and 30 modern bells.[3] In the church tower there is a bell from 1662 by Francois Hemony with a diameter of 104 centimeters.[3] In the tower there are also bells no longer in use, including 13 from 1659 by Francois Hemony, 3 from 1678 by Pieter Hemony, 3 from 1750 from Joris de Mery, and 1 from Gillett and Johnston from 1929.[3]


The Kerk appears in the golden Age painting by Carel Fabritius, A View of Delft.[4] In 1586, Flemish scientist Simon Stevin used the church's tower to conduct an experiment on gravitational forces.[5]

Gallery[edit]

Recent discoveries[edit]

In September 2021, archaeologists announced that the remains of around 200 people had been discovered during the expansion of the royal burial chamber at Nieuwe Kerk.[6][7][8]

People buried in the royal crypt[edit]

Cenotaph for William the Silent and access to the royal crypt
Plan of the royal crypt
The Nieuwe Kerk seen from the Oude Kerk
The Nieuwe Kerk from above

Eleven people are buried in the old vault:[9][10]

35 people are buried in the new vault:[9][10]

William III, Prince of Orange, is not buried in the royal crypt. He is buried in Westminster Abbey, due to his position as King of England at the time of his death.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tower New Church". Oude En Nieuwe Herk Delft. Retrieved 27 December 2019.
  2. ^ a b Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Delft" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 7 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 954.
  3. ^ a b c d e Rijksmonument report
  4. ^ Walter Liedtke, Vermeer and the Delft School, New Haven and London, 2001, p. 250.
  5. ^ Schilling, Govert (2017-07-31). Ripples in Spacetime: Einstein, Gravitational Waves, and the Future of Astronomy. Harvard University Press. ISBN 9780674971660.
  6. ^ "Royal catacombs yield bones of 200 rich Delft residents". DutchNews.nl. 2021-09-08. Retrieved 2021-09-13.
  7. ^ "Tweehonderd lichamen gevonden in Delftse Nieuwe Kerk: 'Nieuw hoofdstuk in geschiedenis'". www.omroepwest.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 2021-09-13.
  8. ^ "Catacombs at Delft's Nieuwe Kerk Excavated - Archaeology Magazine". www.archaeology.org. Retrieved 2021-09-13.
  9. ^ a b "Royal crypts".
  10. ^ a b The years between parentheses are the years in which the persons are interred in the vault.

External links[edit]