Nigel Gibson is a British activist, a scholar specialising in philosophy and a noted author whose work has focussed, in particular, on Frantz Fanon. Edward Said described Gibson's work as "rigorous and subtle". He has been described as a leading figure in Fanon scholarship.
Gibson was born in London and was an active militant in the 1984–1985 Miners' Strike. While in London he also met South African exiles from the Black Consciousness Movement and, in conversation with the exiles, developed some influential academic work on the movement. He later moved to the United States where he worked with Raya Dunayevskaya in the Marxist Humanism movement, studied with Raymond Geuss and Edward Said and became an important theorist of Frantz Fanon on whom he has written extensively. Along with Noam Chomsky, Naomi Klein, Slavoj Zizek, and others, Gibson endorsed the statement in support of the South African shack dweller organization, Abahlali baseMjondolo, against state violence. 
Gibson has co-edited a major collection of work on Theodor Adorno with Andrew N. Rubin and is a co-editor of a collection of work on Steve Biko. His recent work has been marked by a return to an interest in Frantz Fanon (see his edited collection Living Fanon) with a particular focus on the reception of Fanon in popular struggles in South Africa (see Fanonian Practices in South Africa). His Fanon:The Postcolonial Imagination was translated into Arabic in 2013. His most recent work is Frantz Fanon, Psychiatry and Politics written with Roberto Beneduce published by Rowman and Littlefield with an African edition published by Wits University Press.
He was previously the Assistant Director of African Studies at Columbia University and a Research Associate in African-American Studies at Harvard University. He is currently Associate Professor at the Institute of Interdisciplinary Studies, Emerson College (Boston, MA)  and an Honorary Research Professor at the Humanities Unit of the University Formally known as Rhodes. He is a member of the Committee for Academic Freedom in Africa.
In 2009 he was awarded the Fanon prize by the Caribbean Philosophical Association. According to the association "Gibson has set a high standard in Fanon studies and historically-informed political thought on Africa and the Caribbean."
- Rethinking Fanon: The Continuing Legacy Humanity Books, 1999.
- Contested Terrains and Constructed Categories: Contemporary Africa in Focus (with George C. Bond) Westview, 2002.
- Adorno: A Critical Reader (with Andrew N. Rubin) Blackwell, 2002.
- Fanon: The Postcolonial Imagination Polity, 2003.
- Challenging Hegemony: Social Movements and the Quest for a New Humanism in Post-Apartheid South Africa Africa World Press, 2006.
- Biko Lives: Contesting the Legacies of Steve Biko (with Andile Mngxitama and Amanda Alexander) Palgrave MacMillan, 2008.
- Fanonian Practices in South Africa: From Steve Biko to Abahlali baseMjondolo UKZN Press and Palgrave MacMillan, 2011
- Living Fanon: Global Perspectives Palgrave MacMillan, 2011
- Frantz Fanon, Psychiatry and Politics (with Roberto Beneduce) Roman and Littlefield International and Wits UP, 2017
Selected online articles
Democracy's everyday death: South Africa's quiet coup co-authored with Raj Patel
Egypt and the revolution in our minds, Pambazuka, 18 February 2011
50 years later: Fanon's legacy Pambazuka, 21 December 2011
Thinking Fanon, 50 years later: Fanonian translations in and beyond ‘Fanon Studies, Pambazuka, 14 March 2012
20 Years After the L.A. Riots, Revisiting the Rationality of Revolt, Truthout, 12 May 2012
Frantz Fanon and the Arab Uprisings: An interview with Nigel Gibson, Jadaliyya 17 August 2012
The Marikana Massacre: A Turning Point for South Africa?, Truthout, 1 September 2012
A Wholly Other Time: Fanon the Revolutionary and the Question of Organization, South Atlantic Quarterly, Winter 2013
- Nigel Gibson, Biography at Truthout
- Mugabe's Tunisia Day Will Come, Imraan Buccus, SACSIS, 2011
- Fanonian practices and contemporary relevance, Justin Goslant, The Anchor, 14 November 14, 2011
- Faculty lecture on uprisings in the Middle East, by Luara Gomez, The Berkely Beacon, 11 October 2012
- Fanon: The Post-Colonial Imagination, Polity Press
- UPM applies Biko, Fanon and Marx to SA, Amanda Xulu, Oppidan Press, September 2012
- BLACK CONSCIOUSNESS: AN INTERSECTION OF THEORY AND PRAXIS Archived 18 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine., by Youlendree Appasamy, Media Diversity UK, 9 October 2013
- The Legacy of Great Caribbean Thinkers, Sonia Farmer, The Nassau Guardian, 26 November 2011
- Nigel Gibson Biography, Churchland Programme, 2011
- "Nigel Gibson's "Fanon: The Post-Colonial Imagination"-A Translation". English.dohainstitute.org. 2013-05-30. Retrieved 2016-09-18.
- "Emerson College". Emerson.edu. Retrieved 2016-09-18.
- "Nigel C Gibson: "A Wholly Other Time? Fanon, the Revolutionary, and the Question of Organization"". Scribd.com. Retrieved 2016-09-18.