Rupert William Simon Allason (born 8 November 1951) is a military historian and journalist and former Conservative Party politician in the United Kingdom. He was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Torbay in Devon, from 1987 to 1997. He writes books and articles on the subject of espionage under the pen name Nigel West.
Born in London, Allason and his brother, Julian, were raised as Roman Catholics, the faith of their Irish mother, Nuala McElveen (who acted under the name Nuala Barrie), and attended Downside School. Their father, James Allason, was also a Conservative Party MP.
He was opposed to ceding greater power to Brussels, in 1993 he was the only Tory who refused to vote for the Maastricht Treaty when it was made into a motion of confidence. The vote was narrowly won but Allason's abstention caused him to have the party whip withdrawn for a year. He left parliament after the landslide 1997 general election, when he lost his seat to Liberal Democrat Adrian Sanders. He is widely considered to have lost because he failed to tip a pub waitress a week before polling day. As a consequence, fourteen waiters who were going to vote for Allason switched to the Liberal Democrats. He lost by twelve votes.
In 2000, Allason was reported to have considered joining the UK Independence Party (UKIP). The author Jon Ronson in the first chapter of his book Them: Adventures With Extremists briefly analyses Allason's career and character, with particular emphasis on his 1997 electoral loss.
As a historian, Allason has concentrated on security and intelligence issues and his controversial books have frequently made headlines. He was voted 'The Experts' Expert' by a panel of other spy writers in The Observer in November 1989. In 1984 The Sunday Times commented: "His information is so precise that many people believe he is the unofficial historian of the secret services. West's sources are undoubtedly excellent. His books are peppered with deliberate clues to potential front-page stories."
Allason has been a frequent speaker at intelligence seminars and has lectured at both the KGB headquarters in Dzerzhinsky Square, Moscow and at the CIA headquarters in Langley, Virginia, where he once addressed an audience that included the Soviet spy Aldrich Ames. He continues to lecture to members of the intelligence community at the Centre for Counterintelligence and Security Studies in Washington, DC.
His special contribution to the study of modern historical espionage has been in tracking down former agents and persuading them to tell their stories. He traced the wartime double agent GARBO, who was reported to have died in Africa in 1949. However, Allason found him in Venezuela, and they collaborated on the book Operation Garbo, published in 1985. He was also the first person to identify and interview the mistress of Admiral Canaris, the German intelligence chief who headed the Abwehr, and he was responsible for the exposure of Leo Long and Edward Scott as Soviet spies.
His titles include The Crown Jewels, based on files made available to him by the KGB archives in Moscow; VENONA, which disclosed the existence of a GRU spy-ring operating in London throughout the war, allegedly headed by Professor JBS Haldane and the Hon. Ivor Montagu; and The Third Secret, an account of the CIA's intervention in Afghanistan. Mortal Crimes, published in September 2004, investigates the scale of Soviet espionage in the Manhattan Project, the Anglo-American development of an atomic bomb.
In 2005 he edited The Guy Liddell Diaries, a daily journal of the wartime work of MI5's Director of Counter-Espionage. He also published a study of the Comintern's secret wireless traffic, MASK: MI5's Penetration of the Communist Party of Great Britain, and the first of a series of counter-intelligence textbooks, The Historical Dictionary of British Intelligence, The Historical Dictionary of International Intelligence and The Historical Dictionary of Cold War Counter-Intelligence.
Allason has been involved in a number of legal cases, in which he represented himself without lawyers.
While in the House of Commons, he campaigned against the use of Public Interest Immunity Certificates, and exposed the arms-dealing activities of the billionaire publisher Robert Maxwell. He was sued for libel by Maxwell but won the case, winning record damages for a litigant in person by counterclaim.
In 1996 Allason sued Alastair Campbell for malicious falsehood with regard to an article printed in the Daily Mirror in November 1992. The case was heard by Mr Justice Drake, without a jury. The judge ruled that Allason had failed to demonstrate that the Daily Mirror article, though inaccurate, had caused him any financial loss. In a retrial in 1998, he was awarded £1,050 in damages and 75% of his costs.
In 1998, he brought and lost a libel action against the BBC show Have I Got News For You over comments made in a book based on the show published in 1996 that "given Mr Allason's fondness for pursuing libel actions, there are also excellent legal reasons for not referring to him as a conniving little shit."
In 2001 Allason sued Random House, the publishers of The Enigma Spy, the autobiography of the former Soviet agent John Cairncross. Allason claimed he had ghostwritten The Enigma Spy in return for the copyright and 50 per cent of the proceeds. However, Allason lost the case and was ordered to pay costs of around £200,000. In passing judgment the trial judge said that Allason was "a profoundly dishonest man" and "one of the most dishonest witnesses I have ever seen". In September 2005, Allason was threatened with jail for contempt of court in relation to paying the damages from the 2001 case.
Honours and awards
Allason is the recipient of the U.S. Association of Former Intelligence Officers (AFIO)'s Lifetime Literature Achievement Award, and in 2011 he was elected to the Honorary Board of that association. He is the European Editor of the World Intelligence Review, published in Washington DC.
In 1979 Allason married Nikki van Moppes. They divorced in 1996 shortly after Allason was exposed by UK tabloid papers for having an extramarital tryst at Sandy Lane Hotel in Barbados. The couple have two children, the elder of whom is entrepreneur Tom Allason. In July 2012, Rupert Allason became engaged to violinist Nicola Loud.
- Spy! (by Richard Deacon with Nigel West), London: British Broadcasting Corporation, 1980
- MI5: British Security Service Operations, 1909–1945, New York: Stein and Day, 1982, 1981
- A Matter of Trust: MI5, 1945–72, London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1982; published in the U.S. as The Circus: MI5, Operations 1945–1972, New York : Stein and Day, 1983
- MI6: British Secret Intelligence Service Operations: 1909–45, London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1983
- Unreliable Witness: Espionage Myths of the Second World War, London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1984
- The Branch: A History of the Metropolitan Police Special Branch (By Rupert Allason)
- Operation Garbo: The Personal Story of the Most Successful Double Agent of World War II, co-written by Juan Pujol and Nigel West, London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1985
- GCHQ: The Secret Wireless War, 1900–86, London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1986, ISBN 0-297-78717-9
- Molehunt: The Full Story of the Soviet Spy in MI5, London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1987
- The Friends: Britain's Post-War Secret Intelligence operations, London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1988
- Games of Intelligence: The Classified Conflict of International Espionage, London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1989
- The Blue List (novel), London: Secker & Warburg, 1989, ISBN 0-436-56602-8
- Cuban Bluff (novel), London: Secker & Warburg, 1990
- Seven Spies Who Changed the World, London: Secker & Warburg, 1991
- Secret War: The Story of SOE, Britain's Wartime Sabotage Organisation, London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1992
- Murder in the Commons (novel), London: 1992
- The Faber Book of Espionage: Faber & Faber, December 1994
- Murder in the Lords (novel), London: 1994
- The Secret War for the Falklands: SAS, MI6 and the War Whitehall Nearly Lost: Little Brown, January 1997, ISBN 0-7515-2071-3
- The Faber Book of Treachery: Faber & Faber, March 1998
- The Crown Jewels: The British Secrets Exposed by the KGB Archives, London: HarperCollins, 1999, 1998
- Counterfeit Spies: Time Warner Paperbacks, March 1999
- VENONA: The Greatest Secret of the Cold War: HarperCollins, May 2000 ISBN 0-00-653071-0
- The Third Secret: The CIA, Solidarity and the KGB's Plot to Kill the Pope: HarperCollins, October 2000
- Mortal Crimes: The Greatest Theft in History: Soviet Penetration of the Manhattan Project, New York: Enigma Books, 2004
- The Guy Liddell Diaries: 1939–1942 Volume 1: Frank Cass Publishers, February 2005
- The Guy Liddell Diaries: 1942–1945 Volume 2: Routlege, London, June 2005
- Historical Dictionary of British Intelligence: Scarecrow Press, London, June 2005
- Mask: MI5's Penetration of the Communist Party of Great Britain: Frank Cass Publishers, July 2005
- On Her Majesty's Secret Service: The Chiefs of Britain's Intelligence Agency, MI6: Greenhill Books, London October 2006
- Rupert Allason IMDb
- "Rupert Allason: No stranger to the courtroom". BBC News. 17 October 2001. Retrieved 20 August 2006.
As John Major's prime ministership lurched from crisis to crisis, every MP's vote counting as the tiny Conservative parliamentary majority dwindled away after 1992, Mr Allason rebelled over Maastricht and then became the only Tory to refuse to back his government in a no confidence motion.
- "General election results in Torbay, 1997 and 2001". Political Science Resources. Richard Kimber. Retrieved 11 October 2007.
- "A guide to life in a marginal constituency". BBC News. 9 January 2015. Retrieved 9 January 2015.
- "Tory Euro-sceptic considers defection". BBC News. 9 January 2000. Retrieved 11 October 2007.
- "Campbell denies control freak claim". BBC News. 23 July 1998. Retrieved 11 October 2007.
- "Allason court win against PM's aide". BBC News. 30 July 1998. Retrieved 11 October 2007.
- "Ex-Tory MP loses libel action". BBC News. 21 January 1998. Retrieved 20 August 2006.
- "Former Tory MP 'profoundly dishonest'". BBC News. 16 October 2001. Retrieved 20 August 2006.
- O'Neill, Sean (16 October 2001). "Spy writer branded a liar by judge faces prosecution". The Telegraph (London: Telegraph Media Group). Retrieved 11 October 2007.
- Norton-Taylor, Richard (17 October 2001). "'Lying' former Tory MP faces criminal charge". The Guardian (London: Guardian News and Media). Retrieved 11 October 2007.
- McSmith, Andy; Bloomfield, Steve (4 September 2005). "Spywriter Tory may join Aitken and Archer out in the cold". London: The Independent. Retrieved 11 October 2007.[dead link]
- Boggan, Steve (20 April 2002). "Spy writer faces jail for refusing to reveal assets". London: The Independent. Retrieved 24 July 2009.[dead link]
- "UK news in brief: Sentence for spy writer". The Guardian (London: Guardian News and Media). 3 September 2005. Retrieved 9 June 2012.
- "Contact Us". World Intelligence Review. Retrieved 11 October 2007.
- Moon, Simon (8 August 2006). "Wealth, women and the mobile phone king". Mail Online (London: Associated Newspapers).
- "Rebel without a case "profoundly dishonest"". The Independent.[dead link]
- "Ex-Tory MP loses libel action". BBC News. 21 January 1998. Retrieved 23 May 2010.
- "Spy author Rupert Allason seduces Loud musician". The Daily Telegraph (London). 26 July 2012.
- "Jail term threat to former Tory MP". The Scotsman. Archived from the original on 2014-11-06. Retrieved 6 November 2014.
- Nigel West
- Centre for Counterintelligence and Security Studies
- Association of Former Intelligence Officers
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
Frederic Mackarness Bennett
|Member of Parliament for Torbay