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Nigeria EduSat-1

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Nigeria EduSat-1
NamesBird NN
Mission typeTechnology demonstration
Earth observation
OperatorFederal University of Technology Akure
COSPAR ID1998-067MY
SATCAT no.42824
Mission duration22 months, 5 days
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft type1U CubeSat
Launch mass1 kg (2.2 lb)
Start of mission
Launch dateJune 3, 2017, 21:07:38 (2017-06-03UTC21:07:38) UTC[1]
RocketFalcon 9 FT, CRS-11
Launch siteKennedy LC-39A
ContractorSpaceX
Entered serviceJuly 7, 2017, 09:11 UTC
End of mission
Decay dateMay 13, 2019 (2019-05-14)[2]
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeLow Earth
Semi-major axis6,778.9 km (4,212.2 mi)
Eccentricity0.0007634
Perigee altitude395.6 km (245.8 mi)
Apogee altitude405.9 km (252.2 mi)
Inclination51.6397°
Period92.57 minutes
EpochAugust 13, 2017, 02:44:19 UTC[3]
 

Nigeria EduSat-1 was a satellite built by the Federal University of Technology Akure (FUTA), created in conjunction with the Japanese Birds-1 program. It was Nigeria's first satellite built by a university. It was launched from the Japanese Kibō module of the International Space Station.[4]

Background[edit]

Japan supports non-spacefaring countries in their efforts to build their first satellites through a program called The Joint Global Multi-Nation Birds Satellite project (Birds). Five countries constructed satellites in the Birds-1 program: Bangladesh, Ghana, Japan, Mongolia, and Nigeria.[5] Together, the five satellites make up the Birds-1 fleet. Nigeria EduSat-1 is the first satellite built by a Nigerian university.[6]

The project was supported by Kyushu Institute of Technology (KIT) as part of the Joint Global Multi-Nation Birds Satellite project, which is a cross-border interdisciplinary satellite project for non-spacefaring countries supported by Japan. The university also partnered with the National Space Research and Development Agency (NASRDA) Abuja, and Nigeria. The five satellites built by the five different countries were all identical in their design.[7]

Nigeria has a history with satellites in space. NigeriaSat-1, NigeriaSat-2, NigeriaSat-X, NigComSat-1, and NigComSat-1R were ordered by the Nigerian government, but were not built by Nigeria.[8]

Development[edit]

The satellite was designed, built, and owned by the Federal University of Technology Akure (FUTA), in conjunction with Nigeria's National Space Research and Development Agency and Japan's Kyushu Institute of Technology.[9][10] It was equipped with 0.3 megapixel and 5 megapixel cameras, and with the rest of the satellite fleet took images of Nigeria. The satellite transmitted songs and poems as an outreach project to generate Nigerian interest in science. The signal could be received by amateur radio operators. The satellite constellation also conducted measurements of the atmospheric density 400 kilometres (250 mi) above the Earth.[11] The satellite cost about US$500,000 to manufacture and launch.[12]

Mission[edit]

Launch[edit]

A white Falcon 9 rocket cuts through the blue sky, with its nine engines producing a bright yellow flame
SpaceX launch of CRS-11 with Nigeria EduSat-1 onboard

The launch was planned for June 1, 2017, but was postponed due to poor weather conditions.[13] SpaceX launched the satellite on its CRS-11 mission to the International Space Station on June 3, 2017. The satellite was carried in a Dragon spacecraft on a Falcon 9 rocket, launched from NASA's Kennedy Space Center Pad 39A. This was the 100th launch from Pad 39A and the first time SpaceX reused one of its Dragon capsules.[1]

The satellite orbited the Earth at an altitude of 400 kilometres (250 mi) and at an inclination of 51.61 degrees. The satellite traveled around the Earth every 92 minutes at a velocity of 7.67 kilometres per second (17,200 mph).[14][12]

Operations[edit]

The satellite communicated with seven ground stations: one in each of the countries participating in the Birds-1 program, and one each in Thailand and Taiwan.[5] The primary objective was for the satellite to be a technology demonstrator and to familiarize Nigerian students and scientists with satellite technology and manufacturing techniques.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Clark, Stephen (June 3, 2017). "Reused Dragon cargo capsule launched on journey to space station". Spaceflight Now. Archived from the original on June 4, 2017. Retrieved August 14, 2017.
  2. ^ "BIRD NN". N2YO.com. Retrieved August 19, 2019.
  3. ^ "Bird NN - Orbit". Heavens-Above. August 13, 2017. Retrieved August 14, 2017.
  4. ^ "Nigeria: Edusat-1 Satellite Goes Into Orbit Today". All Africa. Retrieved August 7, 2017.
  5. ^ a b "Bird B, BTN, G, J, M, MYS, N, PHL (BRAC Onnesha, GhanaSat 1, Toki, Mazaalai, Nigeria EduSat 1)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved July 24, 2017.
  6. ^ a b "FUTA sets Nigerian record, to launch satellite into space". Premium Times. May 30, 2017. Retrieved August 8, 2017.
  7. ^ "Mongolia to send first satellite off to space on June 4". News Ghana. 5 June 2017. Archived from the original on 29 June 2017. Retrieved 8 July 2017.
  8. ^ Polycarp, Nwafor (May 18, 2017). "Nigeria to launch Africa's 1st nanosatellite". Vanguard. Retrieved February 17, 2018.
  9. ^ "FUTA to launch satellite into space for Nigerian socio-economy development". NAIJ.com. Retrieved August 7, 2017.
  10. ^ Akure, Oluwaseun Akingboye (June 2, 2017). "FUTA launches satellite into U.S. space". The Guardian. Retrieved April 19, 2018.
  11. ^ Akingboye, Oluwaseun (July 7, 2017). "Edusat-1 satellite goes into orbit today". The Guardian. Retrieved January 20, 2018.
  12. ^ a b Babatunde, Mark (July 11, 2017). "Ghanaian Engineers Launch Ghanasat-1, Join Space Race". Face2Face Africa. Retrieved July 24, 2017.
  13. ^ "Nigeria's First University Smallsat Heads to ISS Aboard SpaceX Dragon". satnews. Retrieved August 11, 2017.
  14. ^ "President Akufo-Addo congratulates All Nations University for Ghanasat-1 Satellite". Ghana News Agency. July 7, 2017.

External links[edit]