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Nigeria EduSat-1

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Nigeria EduSat-1
NamesBird NN
Mission typeTechnology demonstration
Earth observation
OperatorFederal University of Technology Akure
COSPAR ID1998-067MY
SATCAT no.42824
Mission duration24 months (planned)
22 months, 5 days (elapsed)
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft type1U CubeSat
ManufacturerFederal University of Technology Akure
Launch mass1 kg
Dimensions10 × 10 × 10 cm
Start of mission
Launch date3 June 2017, 21:07:38 UTC[1]
RocketFalcon 9 FT, CRS-11
Launch siteKennedy, LC-39A
ContractorSpaceX
Deployed fromNanoracks CubeSat Deployer
Deployment date7 July 2017, 08:51 UTC
End of mission
DisposalDeorbited
Decay date13 May 2019 [2]
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric orbit
RegimeLow Earth orbit
Perigee altitude395.6 km
Apogee altitude405.9 km
Inclination51.64°
Period92.57 minutes
Birds-2 →
 

Nigeria EduSat-1 was a Nigerian nanosatellite built by the Federal University of Technology Akure (FUTA), created in conjunction with the Japanese Birds-1 program. It was Nigeria's first satellite built by a university. It was launched from the Japanese Kibō module of the International Space Station.[3]

The satellite deorbited on 13 May 2019.

Background[edit]

Japan supports non-spacefaring countries in their efforts to build their first satellites through a program called the Joint Global Multi-Nation Birds Satellite project (Birds). Five countries constructed satellites in the Birds-1 program: Bangladesh, Ghana, Japan, Mongolia, and Nigeria.[4] Together, the five satellites make up the Birds-1 fleet. Nigeria EduSat-1 is the first satellite built by a Nigerian university.[5]

The project was supported by Kyushu Institute of Technology (KIT) as part of the Joint Global Multi-Nation Birds Satellite project, which is a cross-border interdisciplinary satellite project for non-spacefaring countries supported by Japan. The university also partnered with the National Space Research and Development Agency (NASRDA), Abuja, Nigeria. The five satellites built by the five different countries were all identical in their design.[6]

Nigeria has a history with satellites in space. NigeriaSat-1, NigeriaSat-2, NigeriaSat-X, NigComSat-1, and NigComSat-1R were ordered by the Nigerian government, but were not built by Nigeria.[7]

Development[edit]

The satellite was designed, built, and owned by the Federal University of Technology Akure (FUTA), in conjunction with Nigeria's National Space Research and Development Agency and Japan's Kyushu Institute of Technology.[8][9] It was equipped with 0.3 megapixel and 5 megapixel cameras, and with the rest of the satellite fleet took images of Nigeria. The satellite transmitted songs and poems as an outreach project to generate Nigerian interest in science. The signal could be received by amateur radio operators. The satellite constellation also conducted measurements of the atmospheric density 400 kilometres (250 mi) above the Earth.[10] The satellite cost about US$500,000 to manufacture and launch.[11]

Mission[edit]

Launch[edit]

A white Falcon 9 rocket cuts through the blue sky, with its nine engines producing a bright yellow flame.
SpaceX launch of CRS-11 with Nigeria EduSat-1 onboard.

The launch was planned for 1 June 2017, but was postponed due to poor weather conditions.[12] SpaceX launched the satellite on its CRS-11 mission to the International Space Station on 3 June 2017. The satellite was carried in a Dragon spacecraft on a Falcon 9 rocket, launched from NASA's Kennedy Space Center, LC-39A. This was the 100th launch from LC-39A and the first time SpaceX reused one of its Dragon capsules.[1]

The satellite orbited the Earth at an altitude of 400 kilometres (250 mi) and at an inclination of 51.64°. The satellite traveled around the Earth every 92.57 minutes at a velocity of 7.67 kilometres per second (4.77 mi/s).[13][11]

Operations[edit]

The satellite communicated with seven ground stations: one in each of the countries participating in the Birds-1 program, and one each in Thailand and Taiwan.[4] The primary objective was for the satellite to be a technology demonstrator and to familiarize Nigerian students and scientists with satellite technology and manufacturing techniques.[5]

The Birds-1 satellites decayed in May 2019. Nigeria EduSat-1 was the second-to-last to decay, ending its mission 13 May 2019.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Clark, Stephen (3 June 2017). "Reused Dragon cargo capsule launched on journey to space station". Spaceflight Now. Archived from the original on 4 June 2017. Retrieved 14 August 2017.
  2. ^ "BIRD NN". N2YO.com. Retrieved 19 August 2019.
  3. ^ "Nigeria Edusat-1 Satellite Goes Into Orbit Today". All Africa. Retrieved 7 August 2017.
  4. ^ a b "Bird B, BTN, G, J, M, MYS, N, PHL (BRAC Onnesha, GhanaSat-1, Toki, Mazaalai, Nigeria EduSat-1)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 24 July 2017.
  5. ^ a b "FUTA sets Nigerian record, to launch satellite into space". Premium Times. 30 May 2017. Retrieved 8 August 2017.
  6. ^ "Mongolia to send first satellite off to space on June 4". News Ghana. 5 June 2017. Archived from the original on 29 June 2017. Retrieved 8 July 2017.
  7. ^ Polycarp, Nwafor (18 May 2017). "Nigeria to launch Africa's 1st nanosatellite". Vanguard. Retrieved 17 February 2018.
  8. ^ "FUTA to launch satellite into space for Nigerian socio-economy development". NAIJ.com. Retrieved 7 August 2017.
  9. ^ Akure, Oluwaseun Akingboye (2 June 2017). "FUTA launches satellite into United States space". The Guardian. Retrieved 19 April 2018.
  10. ^ Akingboye, Oluwaseun (7 July 2017). "Edusat-1 satellite goes into orbit today". The Guardian. Retrieved 20 January 2018.
  11. ^ a b Babatunde, Mark (11 July 2017). "Ghanaian Engineers Launch Ghanasat-1, Join Space Race". Face2Face Africa. Retrieved 24 July 2017.
  12. ^ "Nigeria's First University Smallsat Heads to ISS Aboard SpaceX Dragon". satnews.com. Retrieved 11 August 2017.
  13. ^ "President Akufo-Addo congratulates All Nations University for Ghanasat-1 Satellite". Ghana News Agency. 7 July 2017.
  14. ^ "Report on BIRDS-1 Deorbiting" (PDF). Birds Project Newsletter. 31 July 2019. p. 96. ISSN 2433-8818. Retrieved 19 February 2020.

External links[edit]