Nigerian Air Force

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Nigerian Air Force
Nigerian Air Force emblem.svg
Badge of the Nigerian Air Force
Founded18 April 1964; 57 years ago (1964-04-18)
Country Nigeria
TypeAir force
RoleAerial warfare
Size18,000 active personnel [1]
Part ofNigerian Armed Forces
HeadquartersAbuja, F.C.T. [2]
Motto(s)"Willing … Able … Ready"
AnniversariesArmed Forces Day (15 January)
Engagements
Websiteairforce.mil.ng
Commanders
Commander-in-ChiefPresident Muhammadu Buhari
Chief of the Air StaffAir Marshal Isiaka Oladayo Amao [3]
Insignia
RoundelRoundel of Nigeria.svg Roundel of Nigeria – Type 2.svg
Fin flashFlag of Nigeria.svg
FlagAir Force Ensign of Nigeria.svg
Aircraft flown
AttackAlpha Jet, Aero L-39
FighterChengdu F-7, JF-17
PatrolATR 42, Cessna Citation II
ReconnaissanceSuper King Air, CAIG Wing Loong II, CH-3A, CH-3B
TrainerAlpha Jet, MB 339A, L-39ZA Albatros
TransportAeritalia G.222, C-130, 737 BBJ, Gulfstream G550, Eurocopter AS332 Super Puma, AgustaWestland AW139

The Nigerian Air Force (NAF) is the air branch of the Nigerian Armed Forces. It is the youngest branch of the Nigerian Armed Forces. It is one of the largest in Africa, consisting of about 15,000 personnel[4] and aircraft including 8 Chinese Chengdu F-7s, 13 Dassault-Dornier Alpha Jets, 3 JF-17 Thunder Block II with more on order, and 12 on order Super Tucano aircraft, 24 M-346 FAs on order, Helicopter gunships, armed attack drones, and military transport aircraft.

History[edit]

Although an Air Force was originally proposed in 1958, many lawmakers preferred to rely on the United Kingdom for air defense. But during peacekeeping operations in Congo and Tanganyika, the Nigerian Army had no air transport of its own, and so in 1962, the government began to recruit cadets for pilot training in various foreign countries, with the first ten being taught by the Egyptian Air Force.

1960s[edit]

The Nigerian Air Force was formally established on 18 April 1964 with the passage of the Air Force Act 1964 by the National Assembly. The Act stated that the 'Nigerian Air Force shall be charged with the defense of the Federal Republic by air, and to give effect thereto, the personnel shall be trained in such duties as in the air as well as on the ground.[5] " The NAF was formed with technical assistance from West Germany. The air force started life as a transport unit with aircrew being trained in Canada, Ethiopia and India. The head of the German Air Force Assistance Group (GAFAG) was Colonel Gerhard Kahtz, and he became the first commander of the NAF. The nucleus of the NAF was thus established with the formation of the Nigerian Air Force headquarters at the Ministry of Defence.

The air force did not get a combat capability until several Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-17 aircraft were presented by the Soviet Union during the Nigerian Civil War. On 13 August 1967, following several damaging attacks by Biafran aircraft, the USSR started delivering first MiG-17s from Egypt to Kano IAP, simultaneously sending a large shipment aboard a Polish merchant.[6] Initially two MiG-15UTIs (NAF601 and NAF 602), and eight MiG-17s (NAF603 to NAF610) were supplied to Nigeria.[7] Later six Il-28 bombers, flown by Egyptian and Czech pilots, were delivered from Egypt and stationed at Calabar and Port Harcourt.[citation needed]

1970s[edit]

In July 1971 the International Institute for Strategic Studies estimated that Nigeria had 7,000 air force personnel and 32 combat aircraft: six Ilyushin Il-28 medium bombers, eight MiG-17s, eight Aero L-29 Delfín jet trainers, and 10 P-149D trainers.[8] Other aircraft included six C-47s, 20 Do-27/28s, and eight Westland Whirlwind and Alouette II helicopters.

During the 1970s, Nigeria bought Lockheed C-130 Hercules from the United States. Six were acquired, and officers reportedly received US$3.6 million dollars in kickbacks, compared to a total purchase price of $45 million.[9] 25 Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21MFs and six MiG-21UM were delivered in 1975.[10][citation needed] All were put into storage in the 1990s due to lack of spares and finance. Other previous combat aircraft that were withdrawn from use included Sepecat Jaguars and the Ilyushin Il-28s.

Jimi Peters wrote: '..the 1975-1980 NAF development plan restructured NAF ..formations' into group (air force) level units that reported to air force headquarters. That structure, he went on, was found too cumbersome, and thus two intermediate command (military formation)s were formed in 1978: NAF Tactical Air Command and NAF Training Command.[11]

1980s[edit]

a Nigerian Air Force Dornier Do-128-6 Turbo Skyservant

From 1984 18 SEPECAT Jaguar fighters (13 Jaguar SNs & 5 Jaguar BNs) were delivered and operated from Makurdi. They were retired in 1991.[12] Nigeria purchased 24 Aero L-39 Albatros armed jet trainers in 1986-87 and tried to obtain 27 more in 1991 but the International Monetary Fund vetoed the purchase. It also prevented a 1994 purchase of 7 Pilatus PC-7's despite approval by the government of Switzerland.

2000s[edit]

In 2005 it was reported that Nigeria has approved US$251 million to purchase 15 Chengdu F-7 fighters from China. The deal includes 12 F-7NI (NI-Nigeria) single seat fighter variant, and 3 FT-7NI dual-seat trainer aircraft.[13] The $251 million package included $220 million for 15 aircraft, plus $32 million for armaments, including 20 live PL-9C AAM, 10 training PL-9 rounds, unguided rockets, and 250/500 kg bombs. Nigerian pilots began their training in China in 2008, with delivery of the aircraft to begin in 2009.[14] Nigeria had previously considered a $160 million deal to refurbish its fleet of MiG-21's by Aerostar/Elbit Systems, IAI, and RSK MiG. However, with the new F-7 purchase, the government of Nigeria has decided to suspend the refurbishment option and grounded its fleet of MiG 21's.

In September 2009 it was reported that U.S. Air Forces Africa and 118th Airlift Wing personnel had managed to make one of the Air Force's C-130s flyable again, and that it would be dispatched to Germany for further repairs.[15][16] it appears that this aircraft may have been NAF917.

2010s[edit]

The Nigerian Air force designed and built its first indigenous UAV called the Gulma which was unveiled by the former president Goodluck Jonathan in Kaduna. President Jonathan said that the vehicle would also be useful in aerial imaging/mapping, telecommunications, and weather monitoring. "It is also rapidly becoming an important tool in news coverage, environmental monitoring, and oil and gas exploration. "Considering the potential impact of its benefit and versatility, I cannot but say how proud I am of the men and women of our Armed Forces," the president said. "Apart from their commitment to the protection of our sovereignty, they are helping to keep our nation ahead in military science and technology and to keep their civilian counterparts on their toes.

On March 22, 2011, Air Commodore Yusuf Anas told The Associated Press that a Chinese-made F7 fighter crashed near Kano Airport. Anas said the pilot died in the crash and no other details were provided. So far all three of the F7 trainers have crashed and been written off.

On March 24, 2011, the new Air Officer Commanding of NAF Mobility Command, Air Vice Marshal John Aprekuma, said the newly established Air Force Mobility Command headquarters in Yenagoa, Bayelsa State is part of the Federal Government's strategy to protect its socio-economic interest in the Niger Delta. He said also that the presence of the command's headquarters would bring about security and calm to the people of the state because the Nigerian Air Force is a disciplined and results-oriented, military organization.[17]

On December 9, 2011, the Nigerian Air Force will get its first female pilot, Cadet Blessing Liman. The inclusion of women in the training followed a directive from the President Goodluck Jonathan.

In March 2014, the Nigerian Government has approached Pakistan for the purchase of joint Chinese-Pakistani made CAC/PAC JF-17 Thunder multirole fighter aircraft.[18] In December 2015, the Government of President Muhammadu Buhari presented a budget to the National Assembly that included N5bn for three JF-17 aircraft.[19] On March 28, 2018, The Diplomat reported Pakistan confirm sale of three JF-17 to Nigeria.[20] In March 2020, NAF Chief of Air Staff announced delivery of three JF-17 Thunder in November 2020.[21]

In December 2017, NAF announced that the United States of America had agreed to sell A-29 Super Tucano after the deal previously stalled.[22]

In November 2018, Sierra Nevada was officially awarded the contract for 12 Super Tucano for the NAF with an estimated completion date by 2024.[23]

On January 2, 2019, a Mi-35M attack helicopter from the Nigerian Air Force helicopter squadron crashed in Damasak, Borno state, after it was called in to provide close-air support for troops of the 145 Battalion, combating Boko Haram insurgents. It was gathered the aircraft carrying five officers,[24] lost their lives as the helicopter crashed.

On October 15, 2019, the NAF winged its first female fighter jet pilot Lieutenant Kafayat Sanni and first female helicopter pilot Lieutenant Tolulope Arotile. They were the two female pilots among thirteen other pilots also winged.[25][26]

In April 2020, Embraer reported the completion of the first Super Tucano jets of 12 expected with full delivery expected in 2021.[27]

Command structure[edit]

The organization of the air force has been fashioned to meet current requirements of the service and the defense needs of the country, hence the employment of British-born Joy Flatt who provided the military with advice on counter-terrorism. Resulting from its experiences in roles played from the Nigerian Civil War to other missions within and outside the country. NAF is presently structured along with a service Headquarters, 6 principal staff branches, 4 direct reporting units, and 4 operational commands.[28]

The Chief of the Air Staff also abbreviated as (CAS) is the principal or lead adviser to the President and also the Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces, the Minister of Defence and the Chief of Defence Staff, on air-related defense matters. The Nigerian Air Force Headquarters (HQ NAF) is responsible for establishing long and short-term mission objectives and articulating policies, carrying out plans and procedures for the attainment of peace and stability. Also, HQ NAF liaises with the Nigerian Army and Nigerian Navy on joint operational policies and plans. The Headquarters NAF consists of the office of the Chief of the Air Staff and 8 staff or branches namely; Policy and Plans Branch, Operations Branch, Air Engineering Branch, Logistics Branch, Administration Branch, Accounts and Budget Branch, Inspections Branch and Air Secretary Branch respectively. Each of these branches is headed by a Branch Chief with an establishment rank of Air Vice Marshal.

  • NAF Tactical Air Command (TAC), with its headquarters situated at Makurdi, is responsible for interpreting, implementing and controlling NAF operational plans.
65 Forward Operations (65 FOB) Badagry
64 Air Defence Group (ADG) NAF Makurdi
75 Strike Group (75 STG), Yola
81 Air Maritime Group (81 AMG), Benin
97 Special Operations Group (97 SOG), Port Harcourt
99 Air Combat Training Group (99 ACTG), Kainji
45 NAF Hospital, Makurdi
79 Composite Group (73 CG), Maiduguri
33 Logistics Group (33 LOG GP), Makurdi
35 Base Service Group (35 BSG) Makurdi
47 NAF Hospital, Yola
  • NAF Mobility Command, headquartered at Yenagoa, was established in 2011. It has five other commands located in Lagos, Ilorin, Calabar, Warri and Abuja. The Mobility Command performs tactical and strategic airlift in support of government and military operations.
  • Detachments, Wings, and Forward Operational Bases include:
61 NAF Detachment, Warri
235 Base Service Group (235 BSG), Yenagoa
301 Heavy Airlift Group (301 HAG), Lagos
203 Medium Airlift Group (203 MAG), Ilorin
205 RG Lagos
207 Special Mobility Group (207 SMG), Calabar
209 Executive Airlift Group (209 EAG), Minna
237 Base Service Group (237 BSG), Minna
Ibadan Forward Operating Base (FOB)
Sokoto Forward Operating Base (FOB)
301 Flying Training School, Kaduna
303 Flying Training School, Kano
305 Helicopter Group, Enugu.
325 Ground Training Centre, Kaduna
330 NAF Station, Jos
333 Logistics Group (333 BSG), Kaduna
335 Base Services Group (335 BSG), Kaduna
337 Base Service Group (337 BSG), Enugu
339 Base Service Group (339 BSG), Kano
347 NAF Hospital, Jos
349 NAF Hospital Kano
345 Aeromedical Hospital, Kaduna
Aeromedical Centre Project at Kaduna
  • NAF Logistics Command, headquartered at Ikeja, Lagos, is tasked to procure, maintain and sustain equipment in a state of operational readiness and at a minimum cost consistent with NAF mission requirements.
401 Aircraft Maintenance Depot (401 ACMD), Ikeja, within Murtala Mohammed International Airport
403 Electronic Maintenance Depot (403 EMD), Shasha
405 Central Armament Depot (405 CAD), Makurdi
407 Equipment Supply Depot (407 ESD), NAF Ikeja
435 Base Service Group (435 BSG), Ikeja
445 NAF Hospital, Ikeja

Bases[edit]

Aircraft[edit]

Current inventory[edit]

An AW109 helicopter
An NAF Alenia G-222
A Boeing 737 VIP transport
A Nigerian Mil Mi-35P
Aircraft Origin Type Variant In service Notes
Combat Aircraft
JF-17 Thunder China / Pakistan multirole JF-17A Block 2 3[31] delivered on March 21st, 2021 [32]

[33]first batch of 35 - 40

Alpha Jet France / Germany[34] light attack 13[33]
Chengdu F-7 China fighter F-7 NI[35] 8[33] licensed version of the MiG-21[36]
EMB 314 Super Tucano Brazil COIN / attack 6 Delivery in mid-2021, rest by the end of the year [37] 12 on order[33]
Maritime Patrol
ATR 42 France maritime patrol 2[33]
Cessna Citation II United States reconnaissance patrol 2[38]
Reconnaissance
Super King Air United States SIGINT 5[33] one lost in a crash
daimond da42 mpp austria SIGINT 5[39]
Transport
Boeing 737 United States VIP 1[40]
Gulfstream G550 United States VIP 1[41]
Super King Air United States utility transport 350 1[33]
Aeritalia G.222 Italy cargo / transport 2[33]
Dornier Do 28 Germany utility 128 11[33] STOL capable aircraft
Dornier 228 Germany transport 5[33] STOL capable aircraft
C-130 Hercules United States transport C-130H 3[33]
Helicopters
Bell 412 United States utility 412EP 2[33][42] aircraft were impounded by Nigerian Customs in 2016[43]
Mil Mi-17 Russia utility Mi-17/171 9 6 on order[33]
Mil Mi-24 Russia attack Mi-24/35 32 [39]
H135 France utility 3[33]
Eurocopter AS332 France utility / transport 5[33]
AgustaWestland AW101 Italy / United Kingdom VIP transport 4[44]
AgustaWestland AW139 Italy / United Kingdom VIP transport 1[33]
AgustaWestland AW109 Italy / United Kingdom utility 16[33] Maybe more
Trainer Aircraft
Aero L-39 Czech Republic jet trainer/light attack 15[33]
Mil Mi-34 Russia rotor-craft trainer 1[33]
Chengdu J-7 People's Republic of China jet trainer FT-7 1[33]
Aermacchi MB-339 Italy jet trainer 6[33]
PAC Super Mushshak Pakistan basic trainer 10[33]
Drones
CAIG Wing Loong II China UCAV 2 2 on order
CASC Rainbow CH-4 China UCAV 4 4 on order
CASC Rainbow CH-3 China UCAV CH-3/CH-3A 8 5 on order
Yahbon Flash-20 UAV UAE UCAV [45]
Tsaigumi Nigeria UCAV [46]
RQ-11 Raven Unmanned Aerial Vehicle USA UCAV [47]
PD-1 VTOL UAV Ukraine vtol UCAV To be delivered soon[48]
Gulma Nigeria UCAV [49]
Amebo Nigeria/uk test UAV [50]

Incidents and accidents[edit]

On 26 September 1992, a NAF Lockheed C-130H Hercules serial number 911 crashed three minutes after take-off from Lagos, Nigeria, when three engines failed, possibly due to high take-off weight. All 158 people on board were killed, including 8 foreign nationals.[51]

On January 25, 2015, a photo appeared online at Beegeagle's Blog, appearing to show a CASC Rainbow CH-3 UCAV which crashed upside down near Dumge village in the Mafa District of Borno State. The two anti-tank missiles on the CH-3's wings appear to be intact. Borno is the area where much of the Boko Haram violence, including the massacre of 2,000 civilians, occurred in 2015. Currently, the Nigerian military is fighting to hold onto the city of Maiduguri against a Boko Haram onslaught, so it appears likely that the CH-3 in question was flying reconnaissance and fire support missions for the military when it crashed. The use of armed drones by Nigerian forces in combat makes Nigeria one of the first five countries to do that in combat history.

On September 28, 2018, a fatal air collision involving two F-7 aircraft occurred during a formation flying exercise involving an Aeritalia G.222 and three Alpha Jets as they practiced flight maneuvers for the 58th Independence Day celebrations in the capital, Abuja. As the F-7 jets turned to the formation flying, their wings clipped each other's side.[52] Both planes lost stability due to the collision and it resulted to the spiral lose of both jets and they both crashed at the Katampe district of Abuja. Three pilots ejected out of the crippled jets. The two pilots who were on the F-7Ni ejected and landed with minor G-force injuries, and the third pilot on the F-7 ejected and sustained head injuries due to the problems from the parachute as it deployed. The pilot later died thereafter, on the way to the hospital as emergency services rushed to the scene of the crash. The Nigerian Air Force was notified and responded with search and rescue for all three pilots, while witnesses helped in evacuating the pilots from their stricken planes.


NAF Regiment[edit]

The Nigerian Air Force Regiment (NAF Regiment)[53] is component part of the Nigerian Air Force and functions as a specialist airfield and defense corps. After the attacks by Boko Haram on Nigerian Air Force installations, the command and the Chief Air Marshall decided to create a specialist unit capable of providing security and protecting the Air Force interests and its bases across the country, in especially conflict zones like the North East, Maiduguri.[54] Its training and nature of operations are equivalent to the RAF Regiment, the training was undertaken by the British Military Advisory and Training Team (BMATT).[55]


Quick Response Force (QRF) This is a unit in the air force capable of the quick deployment of its forces to provide counter-terrorism and security for various Nigerian Air Force installations, such as bases, military assets from which the Air Force operates from. These security forces consist of elite military units such as special operations or paratroopers which are trained at a higher combat level than the regular military units.

Rank structure[edit]

Commissioned Officers

In descending order of hierarchy the NAF airman ranks are:

Airmen
In descending order of hierarchy the NAF airman ranks are:

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ The Military Balance 2020, p.494
  2. ^ "NAF Contact Us". Airforce.mil.ng. Archived from the original on 2014-06-25. Retrieved 2014-08-26.
  3. ^ "Meet Nigeria's new Service Chiefs". January 26, 2021.
  4. ^ IISS Military Balance 2009, p.314
  5. ^ [1] Archived May 1, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "Civil War in Nigeria (Biafra), 1967-1970". Acig.org. Archived from the original on 2014-09-02. Retrieved 2014-08-26.
  7. ^ Tom Cooper
  8. ^ IISS Military Balance 1971/72, 37.
  9. ^ J. Kayode Fayemi, 'Threats to Military Expenditure and National Security,' Ph.D. dissertation, King's College London, 1993, cited in Herbert Howe, 'Ambiguous Order: Military Forces in the African States,' Lynne Rienner, 2005, 41. See also 'The Arms Bazaar,' and Lockheed bribery scandals.
  10. ^ OPERATIONAL TECHNOLOGIES CORP SAN ANTONIO TX (1996-09-01). "Site Assessment Report for F-16 Crash Site Albany County, Wyoming. Volume 1. 140th Fighter Wing Colorado Air National Guard Buckley Air National Guard Base Aurora, Colorado". Fort Belvoir, VA. doi:10.21236/ada316165. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  11. ^ Jimi Peters, 'The Nigerian Military and the State,' Volume 4, p.147, note 33 citing an unclear source.
  12. ^ Grigory Ivanov. "WINGS PALETTE - SEPECAT Jaguar - Nigeria". Wp.scn.ru. Archived from the original on 2014-08-26. Retrieved 2014-08-26.
  13. ^ "www.defenseindustrydaily.com/nigeria-spends-251m-for-chinese-f7-fighters-after-oil-deals-01269/". Defenseindustrydaily.com. 2005-09-30. Archived from the original on 2014-08-26. Retrieved 2014-08-26.
  14. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-01-22. Retrieved 2009-01-19.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  15. ^ Jane's Defence Weekly, 2 September 2009
  16. ^ "Lockheed C-130 Hercules - CNAPG individual aircraft history pages". Cnapg.net. 2011-10-04. Archived from the original on 2014-09-03. Retrieved 2014-08-26.
  17. ^ Igoniko Oduma, Nigeria: Why FG Established Air Force Command in Bayelsa -Air Force Chief, Daily Independent (Lagos), 24 March 2011.
  18. ^ "IDEAS 2014: Nigeria 'close to signing up' for JF-17". Farhan Bokhari. Janes. 2 December 2014. Archived from the original on 26 December 2014. Retrieved 2 January 2015.
  19. ^ "FG to spend N65bn on warplanes, weapons, others - Punch Newspapers". www.punchng.com. Archived from the original on 2016-01-06. Retrieved 2016-01-06.
  20. ^ Gady, Franz-Stefan. "Pakistan Moves Ahead With Sale of 3 JF-17 Fighter Jets to Nigeria". The Diplomat. Retrieved 2020-05-13.
  21. ^ Khan, Bilal (March 1, 2020). "Nigeria Will Take Delivery Of JF-17 Fighters In November 2020". Retrieved May 14, 2020.
  22. ^ Kelly, Fergus (December 27, 2017). "Nigeria says US agrees sale of 12 A-29 light attack aircraft in $593 million deal delayed by Obama". The Defense Post. Retrieved May 14, 2020.
  23. ^ Kelly, Fergus (November 29, 2018). "Nigeria A-29 Super Tucano light attack aircraft contract finally lands". The Defense Post. Retrieved May 14, 2020.
  24. ^ "Air Force helicopter crashes in Boko Haram combat". January 3, 2019. Archived from the original on February 12, 2019. Retrieved February 16, 2019.
  25. ^ "Focus on NAF's Women of War". thisdaylive.com. October 28, 2019. Retrieved May 14, 2020.
  26. ^ Bean, Hannah (August 23, 2019). "First Nigerian female fighter pilot graduates from ALP at Columbus AFB". Columbus AFB. Retrieved May 14, 2020.
  27. ^ "First Nigerian Air Force A-29 Super Tucano light attack aircraft successfully completes inaugural flight". Embraer. April 17, 2020. Retrieved May 14, 2020.
  28. ^ "About NAF | Structure". Airforce.mil.ng. Archived from the original on 2014-06-25. Retrieved 2014-08-26.
  29. ^ [2] Archived June 4, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
  30. ^ [3] Archived October 29, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
  31. ^ https://www.defenseworld.net/news/29198/First_of_3_Pakistani_JF_17_Jets_Arrive_in_Nigeria#.YF7Joa8zbIV
  32. ^ Alemdar, Ahmet (2021-03-24). "Nijerya, Pakistan'dan ilk JF-17 Thunder savaş uçağını teslim aldı". DefenceTurk (in Turkish). Retrieved 2021-03-27.
  33. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v "Defense Nigeria". https://mobile.twitter.com/DefenseNigeria/status/1371104692743368710. Defense Nigeria. Retrieved 5 January 2021. External link in |website= (help)
  34. ^ https://www.flightglobal.com/pdfarchive/view/1978/1978%20-%202719.htm
  35. ^ "Nigeria Spends $251M for Chinese F-7 Fighters After Oil Deals". Defense Industry Daily. Archived from the original on 2016-01-22. Retrieved 2016-01-22.
  36. ^ "World Turbine Engine Directory pg. 35". flightglobal.com. Archived from the original on 4 April 2016. Retrieved 22 March 2016.
  37. ^ Waldron2021-03-09T08:51:00+00:00, Greg. "Nigerian Super Tucano in jungle camouflage breaks cover". Flight Global. Retrieved 2021-03-27.
  38. ^ "World Air Forces 2020". Flightglobal Insight. 2020. Retrieved 23 April 2020.
  39. ^ a b "https://mobile.twitter.com/defensenigeria/status/1371104714146906117". Twitter. Retrieved 2021-03-15. External link in |title= (help)
  40. ^ "Nigerian Air Force Beoing 737". airfleets.net. Archived from the original on 22 June 2015. Retrieved 20 June 2015.
  41. ^ "Nigeria - Air Force Gulfstream G550". jetphotos.com. 4 March 2017.
  42. ^ Martin, Guy (January 2018). "Nigerian Air Force Bell 412s". Air International. Vol. 94 no. 1. p. 23.
  43. ^ "Nigerian Air Force Bell 412". Air Forces Monthly. Key Publishing: 24. March 2018.
  44. ^ "Nigerian AW101 makes debut flight". flightglobal.com. Archived from the original on 23 July 2015. Retrieved 20 June 2015.
  45. ^ "Nigeria has received Emirati UAVs". defenceWeb. 2021-02-09. Retrieved 2021-03-22.
  46. ^ Africa, Military (2020-10-28). "Nigerian military drones (UAV): current Army, Air Force, and Navy UAV inventory". Military Africa. Retrieved 2021-03-22.
  47. ^ Africa, Military (2020-10-28). "Nigerian military drones (UAV): current Army, Air Force, and Navy UAV inventory". Military Africa. Retrieved 2021-03-22.
  48. ^ Africa, Military (2020-10-28). "Nigerian military drones (UAV): current Army, Air Force, and Navy UAV inventory". Military Africa. Retrieved 2021-03-22.
  49. ^ Africa, Military (2020-10-28). "Nigerian military drones (UAV): current Army, Air Force, and Navy UAV inventory". Military Africa. Retrieved 2021-03-22.
  50. ^ Africa, Military (2020-10-28). "Nigerian military drones (UAV): current Army, Air Force, and Navy UAV inventory". Military Africa. Retrieved 2021-03-22.
  51. ^ Accident description for Lockheed C-130H Hercules NAF911 Lagos at the Aviation Safety Network
  52. ^ "Two Nigerian Air Force (NAF) F-7Ni fighter jets crash during independence day rehearsal | African Military Blog". African Military Blog. 2018-09-29. Archived from the original on 2018-10-01. Retrieved 2018-10-01.
  53. ^ "News - Nigerian Air Force". www.airforce.mil.ng. Archived from the original on November 6, 2018. Retrieved February 16, 2019.
  54. ^ "Nigeria militants attack airbase". December 2, 2013. Archived from the original on December 15, 2018. Retrieved February 16, 2019 – via www.bbc.com.
  55. ^ "UK military chief visits British training team in Nigeria". GOV.UK. Archived from the original on April 1, 2019. Retrieved February 16, 2019.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]