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Nigerian Baptist Convention

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Nigerian Baptist Convention
ClassificationEvangelical Christianity
President/CEORev. Dr. Israel Adélaní Àkànjí
HeadquartersIbadan, Nigeria
Tertiary institutionsBowen University
Official websitenigerianbaptist.org

Nigerian Baptist Convention is a Baptist Christian denomination, affiliated with the Baptist World Alliance, in Nigeria. The office headquarters is in Ibadan, Nigeria. Rev. Dr. Israel Adélaní Àkànjí MFA is the president.


The Nigerian Baptist Convention has its origins in an American mission of the International Mission Board in 1849 with the appointment of Rev. Thomas Jefferson Bowen as the first missionary to the country. He arrived in Badagry area of the current Lagos State on the 5th of August, 1850.[1][2] The Nigerian Baptist Convention was officially formed in 1914.[3] It has started other Baptist conventions in West Africa notably in Ghana (now the Ghana Baptist Convention), and in Sierra Leone, now the (Baptist Convention of Sierra Leone). According to a census published by the association in 2023, it claimed 14,523 churches and 8,925,000 members.[4]

Medical Institutions[edit]

The Nigerian Baptist Convention also operates several hospitals and medical training institutions across the country.[5] The Baptist Medical Centre in Ogbomoso, now called Bowen University Teaching Hospital, remains one of the leading hospitals and has been in use as a university teaching hospital by the Bowen University in Iwo, since December 2009.[6] The Nigerian Baptist Convention operates other top flight Baptist medical centres (with Schools of Nursing and Midwifery) located in Eku and Saki; and several other minor Baptist hospitals across Nigeria.[7] Others includes Oliveth Baptist Hospital, Oliveth heights, Oyo, Oyo State.


Timothy Olagbenro Library, Bowen University in Iwo.

The Convention has 15 affiliated primary and secondary schools, gathered in the Directorate of Baptist Mission Schools. [8]

It has Bowen University, named in honor of Rev. Thomas Jefferson Bowen, the first American Baptist missionary from the Southern Baptist Convention.[9] Bowen University is located at Iwo in Osun State. Bowen University opened in 2002 as a residential institution with 500 students with a current enrollment of about 3,000 students, and a target capacity of at least 5,500 students. The idea of a Nigerian Baptist university was conceived in 1938,[10] and endorsed in 1957 by the Nigerian Baptist Convention. Bowen University is “conceived as a centre of learning and research of distinction, combining academic excellence with love of humanity, borne out of a God-fearing attitude, in accordance with the Baptist tradition of ethical behavior, social responsibility and democratic ethos”.[11]

Theological Institutions[edit]

The Nigerian Baptist Convention operates ten theological training centers for pastors, the largest being the Nigerian Baptist Theological Seminary founded in 1898 in Ogbomoso, which grants undergraduate, masters’ and doctoral degrees.[12][13]

The theological institutions are:[14]

  • The Nigerian Baptist Theological Seminary, Ogbomoso
  • Baptist Theological Seminary, Kaduna
  • Baptist Theological Seminary, Eku
  • Baptist College of Theology, Lagos
  • Baptist College of Theology, Oyo
  • Baptist College of Theology, Owerri
  • Baptist College of Theology, Benin City
  • Baptist College of Theology, Igede-Ekiti
  • Baptist College of Theology, Jos
  • Baptist Pastors' School, Gombe

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Highlights on History – Nigerian Baptist Convention". Retrieved 2020-05-26.
  2. ^ Chima Jacob Korieh, G. Ugo Nwokeji, Religion, History, and Politics in Nigeria: Essays in Honor of Ogbu U. Kalu, University Press of America, USA, 2005, p. 96
  3. ^ Femi Adelegan, Nigeria's Leading Lights of the Gospel: Revolutionaries in Worldwide Christianity, WestBow Press, USA, 2013, p. 10
  4. ^ Baptist World Alliance, Members, baptistworld.org, USA, retrieved May 5, 2023
  5. ^ I. A. Adedoyin, A Short History of the Nigerian Baptist: 1850-1978, Nigerian Baptist Bookstore, USA, 1998, p. 57
  6. ^ "Bowen University Teaching Hospital Ogbomoso - BUTH". buth.edu.ng. Retrieved 2020-05-26.
  7. ^ "School of Nursing Ogbomoso". www.buth.edu.ng. Retrieved 2020-07-07.
  8. ^ Directorate of Baptist Mission Schools, About, baptistmissionschoolsnbc.ng, Nigeria, retrieved October 22, 2022
  9. ^ Stanley D. Brunn, The Changing World Religion Map: Sacred Places, Identities, Practices and Politics, Springer, USA, 2015, p. 959
  10. ^ "History - Bowen". Bowen University. Retrieved 2022-01-15.
  11. ^ "Home - Bowen". Bowen University. Retrieved 2020-05-26.
  12. ^ Toyin Falola, Ann Genova, Matthew M. Heaton, Historical Dictionary of Nigeria, Rowman & Littlefield, USA, 2018, p. 71
  13. ^ "NBTS | make full proof your Ministry". nbts.edu.ng. Retrieved 2020-05-26.
  14. ^ "Beliefs, Policies and Practices of the N B C. – Nigerian Baptist Convention". Archived from the original on 2020-10-27. Retrieved 2020-05-26.

External links[edit]