Nigerian Canadians are Canadian citizens and residents of Nigerian origin and descent. Nigerians began migrating to Canada during the 1967–1970 Biafra War. Nigerians were not broken out separately in immigration statistics until 1973. 3,919 landed immigrants of Nigerian nationality arrived in Canada from 1973 to 1991. In the 2001 Census, 9,530 people identified themselves as Nigerians; of those, 6,575 lived in Ontario (5,275 in Toronto alone). In the 2006 Census, 19,520 people identified themselves as Nigerians. Again, roughly two thirds (13,325) lived in Ontario, with 10,430 in Toronto alone. There is a significant number of Nigerians living in the Jane and Wilson (Chalkfarm) area of Toronto.
"Ethnic Origin (232), Sex (3) and Single and Multiple Responses (3) for Population, for Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations", 2001 Census - 20% Sample Data, Statistics Canada, 2001, retrieved 2010-08-17