NNPC Limited

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Nigerian National Petroleum Company
Company typePrivate
IndustryOil and gas
Founded1977; 47 years ago (1977)
HeadquartersAbuja, FCT, Nigeria
Key people
  • Mele Kyari (GCEO)
  • Dr Pius O Akinyelure (Board Chairperson)
ProductsCrude Oil, Gas, petroleum products, petrochemicals,

Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) is a for profit oil company in Nigeria. Formerly a government-owned corporation, it was transformed from a corporation to a limited liability company in July 2022. NNPC Limited is the only entity licensed to operate in the country's petroleum industry. It partners with foreign oil companies to exploit Nigeria's fossil fuel resources.


NNPC was established on 1 April 1977 as a merger of the Nigerian National Oil Corporation and the Federal Ministry of Petroleum and Energy Resources.[1] NNPC by law manages the joint venture between the Nigerian federal government and a number of foreign multinational corporations, which include Royal Dutch Shell, Agip, ExxonMobil, TotalEnergies, Chevron, and Texaco (now merged with Chevron). Through collaboration with these companies, the Nigerian government conducts petroleum exploration and production.[1] NNPC Limited is ranked seventh (7th position) on LinkedIn's 25 best companies to work in Nigeria in 2023.

The NNPC Towers in Abuja is the headquarters of NNPC. Consisting of four identical towers, the complex is located on Herbert Macaulay Way, Central Business District Abuja. NNPC also has zonal offices in Lagos, Kaduna, Port Harcourt and Warri. It has an international office located in London, United Kingdom.[2] In October 2019, NNPC stated that it had signed a $2.5 billion pre-payment agreement with Nigeria LNG for upstream gas development projects.[3]

In December 2021, the Federal Government of Nigeria and the Nigeria National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) Ltd signed a ₦621 billion Memorandum of Understanding to finance the construction of critical road infrastructure in Nigeria.[4]

Following passage of a Petroleum Industry Act in August 2021, NNPC now operates as a commercial entity without relying on government funding and direct controls. NNPC was established as a limited liability corporation in the hopes that a private entity will find it easier to access international capital markets. The company will continue to ensure energy security in Nigeria.[5]


President Buhari appointed Mele Kyari as the new group managing director (GMD) now known as the group chief executive officer(GCEO) of NNPC.[6] Kyari replaces Maikanti Baru.

Late Dr. Maikanti Baru (7 July 1959 – 29 May 2020) was the former group managing director (GMD). He was appointed group managing director on 4 July 2016, under the presidency of Muhammadu Buhari; he succeeded Dr. Emmanuel Ibe Kachikwu, the Nigerian Minister of State for Petroleum (2015–2019).[7]

In compliance with Section 59 (2) of the Petroleum Industry Act, 2021, President Bola Tinubu has approved the appointment of a new Board and Management team for the Nigerian National Petroleum Company Limited (NNPCL) with effect from December 1, 2023.

1. Chief Pius Akinyelure — Non-Executive Board Chairman (Former Executive Director, Mobil Oil)

2. Mele Kyari — Group Chief Executive Officer

3. Umar Ajiya — Chief Financial Officer

4. Mr. Ledum Mitee — Non-Executive Director

5. Mr. Musa Tumsa — Non-Executive Director

6. Mr. Ghali Muhammad — Non-Executive Director

7. Prof. Mustapha Aliyu — Non-Executive Director

8. Barr. David Ogbodo — Non-Executive Director (Former NNPC Group General Manager, Downstream Investments)

9. Ms. Eunice Thomas — Non-Executive Director

Organisational structure[edit]

The NNPC's business operations are managed through Strategic Business and Corporate Services Units (SBUs/CSUs) in diverse locations across Nigeria. In that case; The Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation initiated a recruitment scheme and since then, until date the NNPC recruitment have been a yearly scheme.[8]

The NNPC Group comprises the NNPC Board, the group managing director's office, Five directorates as listed below. Each of the directorate is headed by an executive vice president (EVP). Its divisions are headed by chiefs, while its subsidiary companies are headed by managing directors.[9] NNPC has several subsidiaries, two partly owned subsidiaries and 16 associated companies.


  • Upstream
  • Downstream
  • Gas, Power and New Energy
  • Finance
  • Business Services

Strategic Business & Corporate Services Units:

NNPC Upstream Investment Management Services (NUIMS) NNPC Trading Limited (NTL)
Corporate Secretariat, Legal Division NNPC Exploration & Production Limited (NEPL)
Strategy and Sustainability NNPC Energy Services Limited (Enserv)
Corporate Communications NNPC Retail Limited (NRL)
Human Capital Management NNPC Gas Infrastructure Company (NGIC)
Information Technology Division NNPC Gas Marketing Company Limited (NGML)
NNPC Foundation Kaduna Refining & Petrochemicals Company
Leadership Academy Warri Refining & Petrochemicals Company
Financial Controller Port Harcourt Refining Company PHRC
Treasury Gas & Power Investments Services
NNPC Pipeline & Storage Company (NPSC)
NNPC Properties
NNPC Shipping Limited
NNPC Engineering & Technical Company (NETCO)
NNPC Health Maintenance Organization (HMO)
NNPC Medical Services Limited (NMSL)
NNPC Pension Fund

NNPC acquired Oando's OVH Energy in September 2022 and took over its 380 filling stations.[10]


NNPC has sole responsibility for upstream and downstream developments. In 1988, the corporation was commercialised into 11 strategic business units, covering the entire spectrum of oil industry operations: exploration and production, gas development, refining, distribution, petrochemicals, engineering, and commercial investments.[11]

Legal premise[edit]

According to the Nigerian constitution, all minerals, gas, and oil the country possesses are legally the property of the Nigerian Federal Government. The revenue gained by the NNPC accounts for 76% of federal government revenue[12] and 40% of the entire country's GDP. As of 2000, oil and gas exports account for 98% of Nigerian export earnings.[13]

Transparency at the NNPC[edit]

NNPC Bags Transparency Award[edit]

The efforts of the Mallam Mele Kyari-led Management of the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) to entrench the culture of transparency in the system have begun to receive recognition with the Corporation named as the “Government Agency of the Year 2020 (Transparency)” by the New Telegraph.[14]

NNPC, NEITI Set Up Joint Committee to Strengthen Transparency[edit]

In keeping with the Transparency, Accountability, and Performance Excellence (TAPE) agenda of the Mele Kyari-led management of the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC), the corporation and the Nigeria Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (NEITI) have set up a joint committee to deepen collaboration in order to promote transparency in the Oil and Gas Industry.

Speaking at the inauguration of the NNPC-NEITI Joint Committee on Mainstreaming and Remedial Issues, group managing director of NNPC,Kyari, said the joint committee was part of efforts to further deepen the robust history of collaboration that both organisations had enjoyed over the years.

He said NNPC was in complete sync with the activities of NEITI because it was the right of the over 200 million Nigerians who are the shareholders of the corporation to know everything about the operations of their company.[15]

Mele Kyari: Matching action with words 365 days on[edit]

Stakeholders continue to commend the commitment and speed with which the NNPC boss has been carrying out his assignment.

According to the head of Nigeria's extractive industry watchdog NEITI, Waziri Adio, the decision of NNPC to make public its audited accounts on its website for the first time in its history is laudable. Just as the executive director of the global Extractive Industries Transparency International's (EITI), Mr. Mark Robinson, commended the corporation for setting a new standard of reporting.

Also, Publicity Secretary of the Nigerian Association of Petroleum Explorationists (NAPE), Mr. Lateef Amodu, said, in one year, Kyari has been able to stabilise the industry through robust policies that have helped stakeholders make informed investment decisions.[16]


  1. ^ a b Nwokeji, G. Ugo (2007). The Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation and the Development of The Nigerian Oil and Gas Industry: History, Strategies and Current Directions (PDF). Rice University: The James A. Baker III Institute For Public Policy, Rice University. p. 16.
  2. ^ "NNPC Directory". www.nnpcgroup.com. Retrieved 28 May 2020.
  3. ^ "Nigeria's state oil company signs $2.5 billion pre-payment deal for gas projects with NLNG". Reuters. 11 October 2019. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  4. ^ "Nigeria : accord entre le gouvernement et la compagnie pétrolière nationale pour le financement des routes". Financial Afrik (in French). 22 December 2021. Retrieved 22 December 2021.
  5. ^ Clowes, William (19 July 2022). "Nigeria's State-Owned Energy Firm Starts Commercial Operations". Bloomberg Energy. Retrieved 19 July 2022.
  6. ^ "JUST IN: Buhari drops Baru appoints Mele Kyari new GMD NNPC". 20 June 2019. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  7. ^ "Buhari Appoints Kyari As New Group Managing Director Of NNPC, Replaces Maikanti Baru". Sahara Reporters. 20 June 2019. Retrieved 21 June 2019.
  8. ^ "NNPC Profile, Law, Structure & NNPC Unremitted Funds". Aziza Nigeria. 24 September 2019. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  9. ^ "Executive Management". nnpcgroup.com. Retrieved 28 May 2020.
  10. ^ "NNPC acquires Oando's OVH, takes over 380 filling stations". The Guardian. 2 October 2022.
  11. ^ "Operators". nnpcgroup.com. Retrieved 28 May 2020.
  12. ^ "Reforming the oil industry". The Economist. The Economist Newspaper Limited. 29 September 2007.
  13. ^ "Africa's biggest oil producer | Doing Business In". Retrieved 24 May 2020.
  14. ^ ENERGY AND NATURAL RESOURCES (22 November 2010). "TAPE Agenda: NNPC Bags Transparency Award". Federal Ministry of Finance.
  15. ^ NEITI (23 November 2019). "NNPC, NEITI Set Up Joint Committee to Strengthen Transparency". Department of Justice.
  16. ^ NNPC (2019). "Mele Kyari's Transformative Efforts at NNPC". Department of Justice.

External links[edit]