Nigerian Stock Exchange

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Nigerian Stock Exchange
Nigerian Stock Exchange logo.svg
TypeStock exchange
LocationLagos, Lagos State, Nigeria
Founded1961
OwnerNigerian Stock Exchange Ltd
Key peopleOscar N. Onyema
CurrencyNaira (₦)
No. of listings328
Market cap₦28.26 trillion (January 9, 2020)
IndicesNSE All-Share
NSE Premium
NSE 30
NSE 50
NSE Corporate Governance Index
NSE Banking
NSE Consumer Goods
Websitewww.nse.com.ng

The Nigerian Stock Exchange (NSE) is a Nigerian stock exchange founded in 1961 in Lagos. As of November 2019, it has a total of 161 listed companies, with 8 domestic companies on the premium board, 144 companies on the main board, and 9 companies on the Alternative Securities Market (ASeM) board. In the Fixed Income market, the NSE has 84 FGN bonds, 21 state bonds, 27 corporate bonds, 1 supranational bond and 53 memorandum listings.[1]

History[edit]

The Nigerian Stock Exchange was founded as the Lagos Stock Exchange,[2] on September 15, 1960. There were seven subscribers to the Exchange’s Memorandum of Association: R.S.V. Scott, representing C.T. Bowring and Co. Nigeria Ltd.; Chief Theophilus Adebayo Doherty; John Holt Ltd; Investment Company of Nig. Ltd.(ICON); Sir. Odumegwu Ojukwu; Chief Akintola Williams; and Alhaji Shehu Bukar.

Operations began officially on August 25, 1961 with 19 securities listed for trading. However, informal operations had commenced earlier in June, 1961. Operations were initially conducted inside the Central Bank building with four firms as market dealers: Inlaks, John Holt, C.T. Bowring and ICON (Investment Company of Nigeria).[3] The volume for August, 1961, was about 80,500 pounds and it rose to about 250,000 pounds in September of the same year with the bulk of the investments in government securities.[4] In December 1977 it became known as The Nigerian Stock Exchange, with branches established in some of the major commercial cities of the country.

Operations[edit]

The Nigerian Stock Exchange has been operating an Automated Trading System (ATS) since April 27, 1999, with dealers trading through a computer network. In 2013, the NSE launched its next generation trading platform, X-Gen, intended to enable electronic trading for the retail and institutional segments. Trading on The Exchange starts at 9.30 a.m. and closes at 2.30 p.m every Monday - Friday. Market prices, along with an All-Share Index, NSE 30, and Sector Indices, are published daily in The Stock Exchange Daily Official List, The Nigerian Stock Exchange CAPNET (an intranet facility), newspapers, and on the stock market page of the Reuters Electronic Contributor System. Historical price and performance data is also posted on the NSE website.

In order to encourage foreign investment into Nigeria, the government has abolished legislation preventing the flow of foreign capital into the country. This has allowed foreign brokers to enlist as dealers on the Nigerian Stock Exchange, and investors of any nationality are free to invest. Nigerian companies are also allowed multiple and cross border listings on foreign markets.

In a bid to promote transparency and trust in the capital market, the NSE reconstituted the Investors' Protection Fund in 2012. The Fund is mandated to compensate investors who suffer pecuniary loss arising from the revocation or cancellation of the registration of a dealing member; insolvency, bankruptcy or negligence of a dealing member; or defalcation committed by a dealing member or any of its directors, officers, employees or representatives.[5]

Regulation[edit]

The NSE is regulated by the Nigerian Securities and Exchange Commission.[6]

Indices[edit]

The Exchange maintains a value-weighted All-Share Index formulated in January 1984 (January 3, 1984 = 100). Its highest value of 66,371.20 was recorded on March 3, 2008. The Exchange also uses the NSE-30 Index, which is a sample-based capitalization-weighted index, as well five sector indices. These are the NSE Consumer Goods Index, NSE Banking Index, NSE Insurance Index, NSE Industrial Index, and NSE Oil/Gas Index.[7]

Associations[edit]

The Nigerian Exchange is a member of the World Federation of Exchanges (FIBV). It is also an observer at meetings of the International Organization of Securities Commissions (IOSCO) and a founding member of the African Stock Exchanges Association (ASEA). On 31 October 2013, it joined the Sustainable Stock Exchanges Initiative (SSE).[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "NSE Listed Securities".
  2. ^ "The Stock Exchange". The Nigerian Stock Exchange. Retrieved 2012-06-08.
  3. ^ Opening of Lagos Stock Exchange. The Financial Times (London, England), Thursday, June 15, 1961; pg. 5; Edition 22,417
  4. ^ Good Start on Lagos S. E. The Financial Times (London, England), Tuesday, October 24, 1961; pg. 5; Edition 22,528
  5. ^ "NSE Investors' Protection Fund" (PDF).
  6. ^ "What We Do". SEC Nigeria. Retrieved 2011-06-08.
  7. ^ "All-Share Index". NSE. Archived from the original on 2012-06-22. Retrieved 2012-06-09.
  8. ^ "Nigerian Stock Exchange joins United Nations Sustainable Stock Exchanges Initiative". UNCTAD. Retrieved 9 May 2014.