Newspapers published in Nigeria
Newspapers published in Nigeria have a strong tradition of the principle of "publish and be damned" that dates back to the colonial era when founding fathers of the Nigerian press such as Nnamdi Azikiwe, Ernest Ikoli, Obafemi Awolowo and Lateef Jakande used their papers to fight for independence.
Until the 1990s most publications were government-owned, but private papers such as the Nigerian Tribune, The Punch, Vanguard, and the Guardian continued to expose public and private scandals despite government attempts at suppression. Laws related to the media, including newspapers, are scattered across various pieces of legislature. There are few good sources of discussion and analysis of these laws.
Newspaper reporters are often poorly paid[according to whom?] and newspapers depend heavily on advertisements that may be placed by companies owned by powerful people. In some cases, this makes the papers cautious in reporting details of crimes or suspected crimes, and sometimes they carry articles that paint clearly corrupt individuals in a favourable light. An analysis of newspapers shows a strong bias towards coverage of males, reflecting prevalent cultural biases. Few articles discuss women and there are few photographs of women outside the fashion sections. Although earnings have declined since the late 1980s the number of publications has steadily grown. As of 2008 there were over 100 national, regional or local newspapers.
Online Newspapers have become popular since the rise of internet accessibility in Nigeria. Due to improved mobile penetration and the growth of smartphones, Nigerians have begun to rely on the internet for news. Online newspapers have also been able to bypass government restrictions because content can be shared without the need for any physical infrastructure. The result has been a disruption of the traditional sources of news which have dominated the media industry. Recent online newspapers include Sahara Reporters and Premium Times.
Most modern online newspapers have focused on political news reporting, with very few focused on other topics including business news. The entertainment industry has been dominated by blogs and gossip websites which do not usually identify as newspapers.
- Poindexter, Paula Maurie; Meraz, Sharon (2008). Women, men, and news: divided and disconnected in the news media landscape. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 0-8058-6102-5.
- Mwalimu, Charles (2005). The Nigerian legal system. Peter Lang. ISBN 0-8204-7126-7.
- Okurounmu, Femi (2010). Leadership Failure and Nigeria's Fading Hopes: Being Excerpts from Patriotic Punches a Weekly Column in the Nigerian Tribune from 2004 - 2009. AuthorHouse. ISBN 1-4490-8409-5.
- Sriramesh, Krishnamurthy; Verčič, Dejan (2009). The global public relations handbook: theory, research, and practice. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 0-415-99514-0.