Nigerien general election, 2004

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Nigerien general election, 2004
Niger
1999 ←
16 November 2004 (first round)
4 December 2004 (second round)
→ 2011

  Tandja in Nigeria June 2007.jpg Mahamadou Issoufou-IMG 3648.jpg
Nominee Mamadou Tandja Mahamadou Issoufou
Party MNSD PNDS
Popular vote 1,509,905 794,357
Percentage 65.53% 34.47%

President before election

Military rule (formerly Mahamane Ousmane

Elected President

Mamadou Tandja
MNSD

Coat of arms of Niger.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Niger
Foreign relations

General elections were held in Niger in 2004; the first round of the presidential elections was held on 16 November, with a run-off held alongside National Assembly elections on 4 December. The presidential elections were won by Mamadou Tandja of the National Movement for the Development of Society (MNSD). The MNSD also emerged as the largest party in the National Assembly, winning 47 of the 113 seats.

Electoral system[edit]

The President was elected using the two-round system. The 113 members of the National Assembly were elected by two methods; 105 from eight multi-member constituencies by proportional representation system and the remaining eight members in special single-member constituencies to ensure representation of national minorities.

Results[edit]

President[edit]

No candidate won a majority of votes in the first round, and a second round was held on 4 December between the two leading candidates – incumbent president Mamadou and Mahamadou Issoufou. All four of the candidates eliminated in the first round backed Tandja in the second round,[1] and Tandja won the elections with 65.53% of the vote. International and local observers declared the entire process as free, fair, and transparent.

Candidate Party First round Second round
Votes % Votes %
Mamadou Tandja National Movement for the Development of Society 991,764 40.67 1,509,905 65.53
Mahamadou Issoufou Nigerien Party for Democracy and Socialism 599,792 24.60 794,357 34.47
Mahamane Ousmane Democratic and Social Convention 425,052 17.43
Amadou Cheiffou Social Democratic Rally 154,732 6.35
Moumouni Adamou Djermakoye Nigerien Alliance for Democracy and Progress 147,957 6.07
Hamid Algabid Rally for Democracy and Progress 119,153 4.89
Invalid/blank votes 97,043 59,390
Total 2,535,493 100 2,363,692 100
Registered voters/turnout 5,255,232 48.25 5,256,581 44.97
Source: African Elections Database

National Assembly[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
National Movement for the Development of Society 849,365 37.13 47 +9
Democratic and Social Convention 397,628 17.38 22 +5
Nigerien Party for Democracy and Socialism 314,810 13.76 17 +1
Social Democratic Rally 163,369 7.14 7 New
Rally for Democracy and Progress 149,825 6.55 6 –2
Nigerien Alliance for Democracy and Progress 124,843 5.46 5 +1
PNDSUNIUDR 66,931 2.93 2
PNDSPPN-RDAPNA 61,997 2.71 4
PNDSPPN-RDA 42,526 1.86 2
Party for Socialism and Democracy in Niger 29,905 1.31 1 +1
PMTANDP 18,971 0.83 0
Movement for Unity and Recovery of the Nation 13,783 0.60 0 New
Sawaba 12,466 0.54 0 0
Gobir Katsina Independents 7,613 0.33 0 New
Patriotic Movement for Solidarity and Progress 6,136 0.27 0 0
Union of Nigerien Socialists 5,894 0.26 0 New
RSDRDP 5,852 0.26 0
Party of Consultation and Peace 4,731 0.21 0 New
Union of Democratic and Progressive Patriots 4,442 0.19 0 0
Party for People's Dignity 2,811 0.12 0 0
Party for National Unity and Development 1,950 0.09 0 New
Union for Democracy and the Republic 1,602 0.07 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 55,019
Total 2,342,469 100 113 +30
Registered voters/turnout 5,278,598 44.38
Source: Election Passport

Aftermath[edit]

Following the election, MNSD-Nassara resumed its previous ruling coalition with junior partner Democratic and Social Convention, whose 22 seats give a 69-seat majority in the National Assembly.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Présidentielle au Niger: un quatrième parti, le RDP, soutient la candidature de Mamadou Tandja au second tour", Xinhua, November 23, 2004 (French).
  2. ^ Yahaya Garba, "6ème congrès de la CDS-Rahama: Un congrès expéditif et sans enjeu", Roue de l’Histoire n° 368, September 5, 2007 (Tamtaminfo.com, September 6, 2007) (French).