Nigerien general election, 1999

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General elections were held in Niger in 1999; the first-round of the presidential elections was held on 17 October, with a run-off held alongside National Assembly elections on 24 November. The elections followed a coup d'état on 9 April, in which Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara, who had led an earlier coup in January 1996 and won disputed presidential elections, was assassinated. Coup leader Daouda Mallam Wanké initiated a transitional period that concluded with the victory of Mamadou Tandja, the candidate of the National Movement for the Development of Society (MNSD), over Mahamadou Issoufou, the candidate of the Nigerien Party for Democracy and Socialism (PNDS), in the run-off.[1] The vote for the first National Assembly of the Fifth Republic, which had originally been scheduled for October, but delayed in August,[2] also saw a victory for the MNSD, which won 38 of the 83 seats. It formed a coalition with the Democratic and Social Convention in order to gain a majority in the Assembly.[3]

Background[edit]

Following the April 1999 coup, Wanké called for new presidential and parliamentary elections late in the year and barred the participation of candidates from the military.[1] The elections were overseen and organised by a sixty-member Independent National Election Commission, appointed by the military government with representatives from political parties and civil society groups on 27 May 1999.[4]

A new constitution was approved by a referendum held on 18 July 1999 and promulgated 8 August.[1] The elections were originally scheduled for 7 October 1999, but were delayed in August 1999.[5]

Presidential candidates[edit]

Eight candidates sought to run in the presidential elections, including two rival candidates from the Rally for Democracy and Progress-Jama'a (RDP), which had been the ruling party under Maïnassara; Hamid Algabid and Amadou Cissé. It was left to the Court of State to decide which of these two candidates could run.[6] On 3 September the Court released its list of approved candidates; seven were approved, including Algabid, while Cissé's candidacy was rejected.[1]

Candidates eliminated in the first round sought to influence the outcome of the second round by endorsing one of the two remaining candidates; Djermakoye announced his support for Issoufou on 4 November, Ousmane announced his support for Tandja on 5 November, and Algabid and Djibo announced their support for Issoufou on 6 November (although some members of the RDP objected to Algabid's support for Issoufou and backed Tandja instead on 7 November).[1]

Results[edit]

President[edit]

Candidate Party First round Second round
Votes % Votes %
Mamadou Tandja National Movement for the Development of Society 617,320 32.33 1,061,731 59.89
Mahamadou Issoufou Nigerien Party for Democracy and Socialism 435,041 22.79 710,923 40.11
Mahamane Ousmane Democratic and Social Convention 429,827 22.51
Hamid Algabid Rally for Democracy and Progress 206,763 10.83
Moumouni Adamou Djermakoye Nigerien Alliance for Democracy and Progress 147,672 7.73
André Salifou Union of Democratic and Progressive Patriots 39,641 2.08
Amadou Ali Djibo Union of Independent Nigeriens 32,977 1.73
Invalid/blank votes 81,129 42,757
Total 1,990,370 100 1,815,411 100
Registered voters/turnout 4,560,508 43.64 4,608,090 39.40
Source: African Elections Database

National Assembly[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
National Movement for the Development of Society 611,097 34.65 38 New
Democratic and Social Convention 303,790 17.23 17 New
Nigerien Party for Democracy and Socialism 378,634 21.47 16 New
Rally for Democracy and Progress 193,080 10.95 8 New
Nigerien Alliance for Democracy and Progress 116,610 6.61 4 –4
Union for Democracy and the Republic 34,128 1.94 0
Union of Independent Nigeriens 22,081 1.25 0
Union for Democracy and Social Progress 20,332 1.15 0 –3
Nigerien Self-Management Party 16,191 0.92 0
Nigerien Progressive Party – African Democratic Rally 10,912 0.62 0
Union of Democratic and Progressive Patriots 10,863 0.62 0 –4
Sawaba 10,709 0.61 0
Union of Democratic Independents 7,239 0.41 0
PSDNMDP 5,126 0.29 0
PPN-RDA-ORND 4,598 0.26 0
PPN-RDAUDPS 4,536 0.26 0
Party for Socialism and Democracy in Niger 3,037 0.17 0
Party for People's Dignity 2,297 0.13 0 –3
Revolutionary Organisation for the New Democracy 778 0.04 0
PPN-RDAUDPS–ORND 437 0.02 0
Party of the Masses for Labour 34 0.00 0 –2
Independents 7044 0.40 0 –3
Total 1,763,553 100 83 0
Source: Global Elections Database

Aftermath[edit]

The new government was seated on 1 January 2000, and operated under the Constitution of 1999.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Report of the observation mission for the presidential and legislative elections of 17 October and 24 November 1999", democratie.francophonie.org (in French).
  2. ^ World: Africa: Niger delays election BBC News, 11 August 1999
  3. ^ Niger: Elections held in 1999 International Parliamentary Union
  4. ^ "Niger election commission", BBC World Service, 27 May 1999.
  5. ^ "Niger delays election", BBC News, 11 August 1999.
  6. ^ "NIGER: Eight register for November presidential poll", IRIN, August 30, 1999.