Night Moves (1975 film)
Cover art from 1992 VHS release
|Directed by||Arthur Penn|
|Produced by||Robert M. Sherman|
|Written by||Alan Sharp|
|Music by||Michael Small|
|Edited by||Dede Allen|
|Distributed by||Warner Bros.|
Hackman was nominated for the BAFTA Award for his portrayal of Harry Moseby, a private investigator. The film has been called "a seminal modern noir work from the 1970s", which refers to its relationship with the film noir tradition of detective films.
Although Night Moves was not considered particularly successful at the time of its release, it has attracted viewers and significant critical attention following its videotape and DVD releases. Manohla Dargis described it recently as "the great, despairing Night Moves (1975), with Gene Hackman as a private detective who ends up circling the abyss, a no-exit comment on the post-1968, post-Watergate times."
Harry Moseby is a retired professional football player working as a private investigator in Los Angeles. He is dedicated to his job, but also catches his wife Ellen (Susan Clark) and a man named Marty Heller (Harris Yulin) having an affair.
Aging actress Arlene Iverson (Janet Ward) hires Harry to find her trust-funded daughter Delly Grastner (Melanie Griffith), distracting Harry from his marital problems. Looking for information about Delly, he goes to a New Mexico film location, where he meets a stuntman, Joey Ziegler (Edward Binns), and a mechanic, Quentin (James Woods), who knew Delly in L.A., and is told Delly might be found in Florida, where her stepfather Tom Iverson (John Crawford) lives.
In the Florida Keys, Harry does find Delly staying with Tom and a woman named Paula (Jennifer Warren), whose relationship to the others is unclear. Harry has an affair with Paula, and together they find the wreckage of a small plane in the ocean with a body inside. Harry manages to return Delly to her mother in California, leaving the Florida death for the Coast Guard and local police to investigate.
But the murders multiply, and Harry discovers everyone has their own depraved motive. After working out a reconciliation with his wife, Harry returns to Florida, where yet another corpse is found. Delly is killed on the set of a movie in a car accident and Harry questions the driver and the mechanic. He also goes to the home of Arlene Iverson to find her drunk by the pool, showing an apparent lack of remorse over the death of her stepdaughter and heir to the fortune of her late husband. In search of an underwater buried sculpture that has been smuggled piecemeal to the United States, Harry and Paula end up on a boat as a seaplane pilot tries to kill them. Paula is killed when hit by the seaplane as it glides towards the boat while shooting. The plane eventually collides with Harry's boat and he watches through the glass bottom, finding his would be killer to be the driver of the car that killed Delly on the movie set.
My Night at Maud's
An often quoted line from Night Moves occurs when Moseby declines an invitation from his wife to see the movie My Night at Maud's: "I saw a Rohmer film once. It was kinda like watching paint dry." The exchange from Night Moves was quoted in director Éric Rohmer's New York Times obituary in 2010. Penn himself was an admirer of Rohmer's films; Jim Emerson has written that, "Harry's remark, as scripted by Alan Sharp, is a brittle homophobic jab at a gay friend of his wife's." Bruce Jackson has written an extended discussion of the role of My Night at Maud's (1970) in Night Moves; viewers familiar with the earlier film may recognize that its protagonist and Moseby have related opportunities for infidelity, but respond differently.
|Gene Hackman||Harry Moseby|
|Susan Clark||Ellen Moseby|
|Edward Binns||Joey Ziegler|
|Harris Yulin||Marty Heller|
|Janet Ward||Arlene Iverson|
|Anthony Costello||Marv Ellman|
|John Crawford||Tom Iverson|
|Melanie Griffith||Delly Grastner|
|Maxwell Gail, Jr.||Stud|
Night Moves continues to attract critical attention long after its release. Film critic Michael Sragow included the film in his 1990 review collection entitled Produced and Abandoned: The Best Films You've Never Seen. Stephen Prince has written, "Penn directed a group of key pictures in the late 1960s and early 1970s (Bonnie and Clyde (1967), Alice's Restaurant (1969), Little Big Man (1970), Night Moves (1975)) that captured the verve of the counterculture, its subsequent collapse, and the ensuing despair of the post-Watergate era." In his monograph, The Cinema of Loneliness: Penn, Stone, Kubrick, Scorsese, Spielberg, Altman, Robert Kolker writes, "Night Moves was Penn's point of turning, his last carefully structured work, a strong and bitter film, whose bitterness emerges from an anxiety and from a loneliness that exists as a given, rather than a loneliness fought against, a fight that marks most of Penn's best work. Night Moves is a film of impotence and despair, and it marks the end of a cycle of films." Dennis Schwartz characterizes the film as "a seminal modern noir work from the 1970s" and adds, "This is arguably the best film that Arthur Penn has ever done." This remark is telling in the context of Penn's earlier film, Bonnie and Clyde (1967), which is now considered a classic by most critics.
Griffith's appearance in the movie also garnered particular controversy. The actress shot several racy nude scenes that were featured in the film. This was notable as she was only 17 years old at the time.
Night Moves has been classified by some critics as a "neo-noir" film, representing a further development of the film noir detective story. Ronald Schwartz summarizes its role: "Harry Moseby is a man with limitations and weaknesses, a new dimension for detectives in the 1970s. Gone are the Philip Marlowes and tough-guy private investigators who have tremendous insight into crime and can triumph over criminals because they carry within them a code of honor. Harry cannot fathom what honor is, much less be subsumed by it."
Box office and home media
Night Moves was released in 1992 in the U.S. as a LaserDisc and as a VHS-format videotape. In 2005, it was released as a DVD in the U.S. and Canada (region 1). The DVD was favorably reviewed by Walter Chaw, who writes, "Shot through with grain and a certain, specific colour blanch I associate with the best movies from what I believe to be the best era in film history, Night Moves looks on Warner's DVD as good as it ever has, or, I daresay, should."
A region 2 DVD was released in 2007.
- Schwartz, Dennis (December 5, 2000). "Night Moves". Ozus' World: Film Reviews. Retrieved 2010-08-21.
- Slifkin, Irv (2004). VideoHound's groovy movies: far-out films of the psychedelic era. Visible Ink Press. p. 545. ISBN 978-1-57859-155-8.
Now considered a classic of modern noir, the downbeat and disturbing Night Moves failed at the box office and was met with indifference by the critics.
- Dargis, Manohla (October 8, 2010). "Arthur Penn, a Director Attuned to His Country". The New York Times.
- Jackson, Bruce (July 11, 2010). "Loose Ends in Night Moves". Senses of Cinema (55).
- Kehr, David (January 11, 2010). "Éric Rohmer, a Leading Filmmaker of the French New Wave, Dies at 89". The New York Times.
- Penn, Arthur; Chaiken, Michael; Cronin, Paul (2008). Arthur Penn: Interviews. Univ. Press of Mississippi. p. 114. ISBN 978-1-60473-105-7.
- Emerson, Jim (January 11, 2010). ""I saw a Rohmer film once...": The truth behind the Night Moves meme". The Chicago Sun Times.
- Sragow, Michael (1990). Produced and Abandoned: The Best Films You've Never Seen. Mercury House. ISBN 978-0-916515-84-3.
- Prince, Stephen (2002). A New Pot of Gold: Hollywood Under the Electronic Rainbox (1980–1989). University of California. p. 232.
- Kolker, Robert (2000). The Cinema of Loneliness: Penn, Stone, Kubrick, Scorsese, Spielberg, Altman (3rd Edition). Oxford. p. 21. ISBN 978-0-19-512350-0.
- Ebert, Roger (August 3, 1998). "Bonnie and Clyde (1967)". Chicago Sun Times. Retrieved 2010-08-20.
When I saw it, I had been a film critic for less than six months, and it was the first masterpiece I had seen on the job. I felt an exhilaration beyond describing. I did not suspect how long it would be between such experiences, but at least I learned that they were possible.
- Sanders, Steven; Skoble, Aeon G. (2008). The Philosophy of TV Noir. University of Kentucky Press. p. 3.
Some of the more noteworthy achievements of the neo-noir period dating from the late 1960s includes films as dissimilar from one another as Bonnie and Clyde (Arthur Penn, 1967), Point Blank (John Boorman, 1967), and the unjustly neglected Pretty Poison (Noel Black, 1968). These and other neo-noir films modulated classic noir themes into new frequencies. Chinatown (Roman Polanski, 1974), The Conversation (Francis Ford Coppola, 1974), and Night Moves (Arthur Penn, 1975), three of the most accomplished examples of neo-noir of the mid 1970s, externalized the violence and turned up the volume.
- Schwartz, Ronald (2005). Neo-noir: The New Film Noir Style from Psycho to Collateral. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 31. ISBN 978-0-8108-5676-9.
- Kemp, Philip. "Arthur Penn". filmreference.com.
Penn established his reputation as a director with Bonnie and Clyde, one of the most significant and influential films of its decade. But since 1970 he has made only a handful of films, none of them successful at the box office. Night Moves and The Missouri Breaks, both poorly received on initial release, now rank among his most subtle and intriguing movies, and Four Friends, though uneven, remains constantly stimulating with its oblique, elliptical narrative structure.
- Night Moves (LaserDisc). Warner Home Video. October 21, 1992. ISBN 0-7907-1309-8. 100 minutes. See "Night Moves (1975) ". LaserDisc Database.
- Night Moves (VHS tape). Warner Home Video. April 1, 1992. 100 minutes. See "Night Moves [VHS] (1975)". amazon.com.
- Night Moves (DVD). Warner Home Video. July 12, 2005. 100 minutes. See "Night Moves (1975)". amazon.com.
- Chaw, Walter (April 14, 2010). "Night Moves". Film Freak Central. Archived from the original on 2010-12-18.
- Die heiße Spur (DVD). Warner Home Video. 21 September 2007. 96 minutes; German and English soundtracks. See "Die heiße Spur". amazon.de.
- Berman, Emanuel (2001). "Arthur Penn's Night Moves: A Film that Interprets Us". In Gabbard, Glen O. Psychoanalysis and Film. Karnac Books. p. 83. ISBN 978-1-85575-275-7. Emanuel Berman's extended interpretation of the film's screenplay.
- Meyer, David N. (May 3, 2009). "Any Kennedy: The Merciless, Blinding Sunshine of Night Moves". Film Noir of the Week. Archived from the original on 2010-08-25. David N. Meyer's review includes a fairly rare effort to parse Night Moves in terms of the contributions of its screenplay, directing, acting, etc.. Meyer particularly credits Gene Hackman's performance, Alan Sharp's writing, and Dede Allen's editing.
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