Night Nurse (comics)
Georgia Jenkins, Christine Palmer, and Linda Carter, the protagonists of Night Nurse. Art by Winslow Mortimer.
|First appearance||as Linda Carter:
Linda Carter, Student Nurse #1 (September 1961)
as Night Nurse:
Night Nurse # 1 (November, 1972)
|Created by||Al Hartley
|Alter ego||Linda Carter|
|Supporting character of||Doctor Strange
The New Avengers
Night Nurse is the name of a Marvel Comics comic-book series published in the early 1970s, as well the alter ego of a fictional character, Linda Carter, known for her willingness to help injured superheroes. Carter was one of three central characters created by writer Jean Thomas, who first appeared in Night Nurse #1 (November 1972), though she was later identified as the lead of another Marvel series published in 1961.
Carter later adopted the name "Night Nurse" for herself, and in this incarnation, first appeared as Night Nurse in Daredevil vol. 2, #58 (May 2004), written by writer Brian Michael Bendis. Although she uses the word "nurse" as part of her codename, she has since claimed to be a medical doctor.
Night Nurse was a Marvel Comics title that lasted 4 issues cover-dated November 1972 to May 1973. The medical drama / romance series focused on the adventures of three female roommates who worked the night shift at the fictional Metropolitan General Hospital in New York City: Linda Carter, Georgia Jenkins, and Christine Palmer.
Night Nurse was introduced in one of a trio of Marvel Comics aimed at a female audience, alongside Claws of the Cat and Shanna the She-Devil. Marvel writer-editor Roy Thomas recalled in 2007 that editor-in-chief Stan Lee "had the idea, and I think the names, for all three. He wanted to do some books that would have special appeal to girls. We were always looking for way to expand our franchise. My idea...was to try to get women to write them".
The series was written by Jean Thomas, who was at the time married to Roy Thomas, and drawn by Winslow Mortimer. The stories, unlike most of Marvel's offerings at the time, contain no superheroes or fantastic elements. However, the night nurses encounter "danger, drama and death", as the cover tag proclaims, as they work to foil bomb plots, malpracticing surgeons, and mob hitmen. Night Nurse, like the "relevant comics" of the early 1970s, also attempted to address real-world social issues; Night Nurse #1 features a character asking why his poor neighborhood is the one always experiencing power outages. "Why not Park Avenue for a change?".
Night Nurse #4 is the only issue of the series that takes place away from Metro General and New York City. This story shifts away from the urban drama of the first three issues and instead features Christine embroiled in a gothic adventure, complete with a foreboding mansion, dusty secret passageways, and mysterious lights.
While nothing depicted in Night Nurse connected it to the mainstream Marvel Universe, Christine Palmer reappeared in Nightcrawler vol. 3, #1 (Sept. 2004 – 31 years after her last appearance, in Night Nurse #4). Roberto Aguirre-Sacasa, the writer of Nightcrawler, said in an interview that he was "a huge fan" of Night Nurse, and wanted to bring back the character when he realized that his first Nightcrawler story would take place in a hospital. Linda Carter also reappeared in 2004, this time sporting Night Nurse as an actual codename.
Fictional character biography
While the three roommates initially bicker amongst themselves, they soon bond over their shared loneliness, and become best friends. Originally, none of the three nurses then used "night nurse" as a label, though the "Next Issue" box in Night Nurse #1 promises, "More true-to-life adventures of Linda Carter, Night Nurse!"
Linda Carter is the daughter of a doctor in Allentown, New York. She meets and falls in love with Marshall Michaels, a wealthy businessman. However, he forces her to choose between marrying him or staying at Metro General as a nurse. She makes her decision and tearfully watches him walk away. In the following two issues of the series, Linda demonstrates that her skills are not limited to nursing practice, as she performs detective work to help expose an incompetent surgeon and also prevents a hitman from murdering one of her patients. By the time the series was canceled, she had started a budding romance with Dr. Jack Tryon, a young resident doctor. Carter is often considered to be the main character of the series, as she is portrayed prominently on three of the covers, and hers is the sole head shot featured in the "corner circle" on the cover design. However, Palmer is the protagonist of Night Nurse #4, with Linda only making a one-panel cameo, and Jenkins not appearing at all in the issue.
At some point after the conclusion of the original Night Nurse series, Carter was rescued by a superhero and afterward began to pay the superhuman community back by ministering to heroes' health, often pro bono for those without any means of payment, such as Spider-Man. When she first reappeared, she took care of a seriously injured Daredevil following his defeat by the Yakuza. Later, she took care of a badly injured Luke Cage, whose nearly-impenetrable skin required special treatment and who later called on her to help Iron Fist following his unsuccessful encounter with the terrorist group HYDRA. During this time, the Night Nurse became known for her catch phrase "go to the room on the right". During the superhero "Civil War" over government registration, the Night Nurse took Captain America's side against the registration act, and joined his resistance group. She assisted operations from S.H.I.E.L.D. safe-house number 23. Though hard to recognize in Civil War #2 (Aug. 2006), editor Tom Brevoort stated that it was her welcoming the superhero team the Young Avengers at the new headquarters.
Carter teamed with Doctor Strange in the five-issue miniseries Doctor Strange: The Oath (Dec. 2006 - April 2007), in an effort to help him recover the cure for cancer, which Doctor Strange had brought back from another dimension to help cure Wong, and which had been stolen from him. By the end of The Oath Carter and Strange have entered into a relationship, which later ended.
Linda Carter appears in two consecutive issues of Dark Reign: Elektra, a five part miniseries chronicling notorious assassin Elektra's return to Earth after being abducted during the Skrull Invasion. She is severely wounded after spending months being tortured by Skrulls, and is subsequently tortured on her return by the newly formed H.A.M.M.E.R regime, now led by Norman Osborn. After fleeing her captors and passing out in a pool of blood, Elektra then wakes up handcuffed and being cared for by the Night Nurse, which is the only person (Foggy Nelson) knew to turn to, after finding her unconscious in the law office of Matt Murdock. Though she is initially cautious when dealing with one as fearsome and infamous as Elektra, the two women are quick to form a rapport. Elektra unconventionally protects Linda from stray gunfire; she first demands her to "get on your knees" and Linda, shocked by the request, replies "w-what...no" which subsequently leads to Elektra forcing her to the ground by hurtling a needled syringe at her knee joint. Right as the Night Nurse hits the tiled floor, gunfire begins to illuminate the room, shattering glass on her in the process. As Elektra begins to confront her attackers, the Night Nurse reminds her that she is still badly injured, and offers to call someone for her. Elektra tells her there is no one to call. The fourth issue opens with Linda Carter phoning Wolverine to request his aid in helping Elektra. The Night Nurse is showcased as being very quick-witted and capable.
Georgia Jenkins is an African-American nurse who comes from an inner city neighborhood, blocks away from Metro General Hospital. On her days off from work, she provides free medical care to the people on her old block. She discovers that her older brother Ben was conned into nearly blowing up the hospital generator. Even though Ben has a change of heart and is shot while trying to protect the nurses, Georgia finds out in issue #3 that Ben has been sentenced to 10-to-20 years in prison. She angrily compares the harshness of his sentence with the fact that powerful mob criminals walk around free.
Christine Palmer leaves her home in "an exclusive Midwestern suburb" against her father's wishes, intending to "make a new life without her father's money". In issue #2, her father comes to New York to try to convince her to return to her life as a debutante, threatening "if you don't come home by Thanksgiving, then don't come home at all!" Though she considers his offer, she elects to stay in New York and becomes a surgical nurse for Dr. William Sutton. When Dr. Sutton's career ends in disaster, she leaves New York City and her friends behind, and travels the country, finding a job as a private nurse for a paraplegic at a spooky mansion. However, this particular position is short-lived. Palmer ended up returning to Metropolitan General Hospital, where she first encountered Storm and Nightcrawler of the X-Men. It is revealed in the Nightcrawler series that her mother lives in Tucson, Arizona.
In other media
- In the television series Daredevil, Claire Temple (played by Rosario Dawson) is amalgamated with Night Nurse. Daredevil season one showrunner Steven S. DeKnight noted that the character was originally "going to be the actual Night Nurse from the comics... we had her name in a script and it came back that it was possible [the Marvel Cinematic Universe films] were going to use her" and "had plans for her down the road," necessitating the team to use the more obscure comics character Claire Temple as her name. Dawson will reprise her role in both Jessica Jones and Luke Cage.
- Don Markstein's Toonopedia" Night Nurse
- Alter Ego #70 (July 1970): Roy Thomas interview, pp. 49-50
- Dave Richards. "The Winding Way Back: Sacasa Talks "Nightcrawler"". Comic Book Resources. Retrieved 2006-09-01.
- "The Cherry Ames Page: Linda Carter, Student Nurse". Retrieved 2006-09-02.
- The Unofficial Handbook of Marvel Comics Creators: Linda Carter, Student Nurse (1961-1963)
- Night Nurse #1
- Amazing Spider-Man #656 (2011)
- "Hellion for Hire #2: A Tale of Two Cities", Newsarama.com] (dead link)
- Richards, Dave. "Strange Medicine: Vaughan Talks 'Dr. Strange: The Oath'", ComicBookResources.com, August 14, 2006
- The Unofficial Handbook of Marvel Comics Creators: Doctor Strange: The Oath (2006-2007)
- The New Avengers #57 (Nov. 2009)
- Dockterman, Eliana (April 8, 2015). "Rosario Dawson on Being a Hero, Not a Love Interest, in Netflix’s Daredevil". Time. Archived from the original on April 9, 2015. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
- Goldman, Eric (July 29, 2015). "Daredevil Showrunner On The One Thing Marvel Made Him Change Due To Movie Plans". IGN. Archived from the original on July 29, 2015. Retrieved July 29, 2015.
- Andreeva, Nellie (September 2, 2015). "Marvel's 'Luke Cage': Theo Rossi Cast, Rosario Dawson To Reprise 'Daredevil' Role".