Night Safari, Singapore

Coordinates: 1°24′08″N 103°47′16″E / 1.402260°N 103.787886°E / 1.402260; 103.787886
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Night Safari, Singapore
Entrance of the Night Safari Map
1°24′08″N 103°47′16″E / 1.402260°N 103.787886°E / 1.402260; 103.787886
Date opened26 May 1994; 29 years ago (1994-05-26)
LocationMandai, Singapore
80 Mandai Lake Road, Singapore 729826
Land area35 ha (86 acres)[1]
No. of animals900[1]
No. of species100[1]
Annual visitors1,321,718 (FY 2019/20)[2]
Major exhibits59
Public transit access 138[a]
WebsiteNight Safari

The Night Safari, Singapore is the world's first nocturnal zoo located in Mandai, Singapore. One of the most popular tourist attractions in the country, it forms a part of the Mandai Wildlife Reserve, consisting of the Singapore Zoo, Bird Paradise and River Wonders and the upcoming Rainforest Wild Park.

The concept of a nocturnal park in Singapore was suggested in the 1980s by the former executive chairman of the Singapore Zoo, Dr Ong Swee Law. Constructed at a cost of S$63 million, the Night Safari was officially opened on 26 May 1994 and occupies 35 hectares (86 acres) of secondary rainforest adjacent to the Singapore Zoo and Upper Seletar Reservoir.

The Night Safari currently houses over 900 animals representing over 100 species, of which 41% are threatened species.[1] The Night Safari is managed by Mandai Wildlife Group, and about 1.3 million visitors visit the safari per year.[3][2] The Night Safari received its 11 millionth visitor on 29 May 2007.


A tiger sleeping in the Night Safari.

Unlike traditional nocturnal houses, which reverse the day-night cycle of animals so they will be active by day, the Night Safari is an entire open-air zoo set in a humid tropical forest that is only open at night between 7pm and 12mn. It is divided into six geographical zones, which can be explored either on foot via four walking trails, or by tram.

The animals of the Night Safari, ranging from axis deer and African buffalo to Indian rhinoceros and pangolins to lions and Asian elephants, are made visible by lighting that resembles moonlight. Although it is brighter than full moonlight by a few orders of magnitude, it is dim enough not to disturb nocturnal and crepuscular animals' behaviour. London based lighting designer Simon Corder created the lighting for Night Safari.

The naturalistic enclosures simulate the animals' native habitat. Animals are separated from visitors with natural barriers, rather than caged, similar to the Singapore Zoo's open concept. Instead of vertical prison-like cages, cattle grids were laid all over the park to prevent hoofed animals from moving one habitat to another. These are grille-like metal sheets with gaps wide enough for animals' legs to go through. Moats were designed to look like streams and rivers to enable animals to be put on show in open areas, and hot wires were designed to look like twigs to keep animals away from the boundaries of their enclosures.

Food and beverage outlets in the Night Safari include Ulu Ulu Safari Restaurant, Bongo Burgers, and Casa Italia. Visitors can dine in the "Evening in the Wild" at Night Safari's only Tepee Tent. Also experience dining on the move with the Cocktail Safari Express and Gourmet Safari Express.


Tram Trail[edit]

The tram takes visitors across the whole park, allowing visitors to view most of the park's larger animals.

Fishing Cat Trail[edit]

The Fishing Cat Trail features a variety of nocturnal animals mostly from Asia, North Africa and South America.[4]

Leopard Trail[edit]

The Leopard Trail houses a variety of nocturnal animals from the rainforests of Asia like clouded leopards, a flying fox walkthrough aviary, and habitats for some native animals. The Asiatic lions are also visible from a boardwalk on the edge of the trail.[5]

East Lodge Trail[edit]

This intriguing trail will lead you to the crossroad of Africa and Asia, where the animals of the savannah and the tropics live side by side.

Tasmanian Devil Trail[edit]

Opening in 2012, this trail features a wallaby walkthrough habitat and smaller enclosures for other nocturnal Australian animals. The trail also has a large man-made cave called the Naracoorte Cave, a reconstruction of the Naracoorte Caves National Park, which has several indigenous paintings and holds invertebrates and reptiles.[6]

Four female Tasmanian devils arrived from the Trowunna Wildlife Sanctuary in November 2022, part of an insurance population managed by the Save the Tasmanian Devil Programme run by the Tasmanian Department of Natural Resources and Environment.[7]

Creatures of the Night show[edit]

Notable animals[edit]


The "Creatures of the Night Show" is a performance presented by the animals in the Night Safari. A binturong shows off its ability to hang upside down with its prehensile tail, a spotted hyena displays its powerful jaws and otters spread awareness to recycle reusable items.[12]

Cultural performances are a regular feature at the safari, and include tribal dances, blowpipe demonstrations and fire eating displays.



  • ASEAN Tourism Association – Aseanta Awards For Excellence (1995)[3]
    • Best New Attraction in ASEAN
  • Singapore Tourism Awards[13]
    • Top 10 Best Family Experience (2006)
    • Best Leisure Attraction Experience (2003, 2004, 2006)
    • Leisure Attraction of the Year (1996, 1997, 1999, 2000)
    • Best Trail Marshall of the Year, Mohammed Munzir Aziz. (2008)
    • Best Trail Marshall of the Year, Mohammad Ridhwan Shahril. (2009)
    • Best Ground crew of the Year, Vijayeswaran Visvalingam. (2009)
    • Best Animal Caretaker of the Year, Hadi Akmal (2015)


Night Safari is not served directly by any MRT line, with the nearest station being Springleaf MRT station. There are three bus services operated by SBS Transit, SMRT and Tower Transit which call at the zoo or pass by. Bus services 138 and 927 from Ang Mo Kio and Choa Chu Kang respectively call at a bus stop at the zoo. Bus service 171 plies the road along Mandai Road and not into the zoo.


A shuttle service, known as the Mandai Khatib Shuttle, plies daily between Khatib MRT station and the Zoo. A one-way trip costs $1 for everyone above the age of three.[14]


  1. ^ via  TE4  Springleaf and  NS16  CR11  Ang Mo Kio
  2. ^ via  NS4  JS1  BP1  Choa Chu Kang


  1. ^ a b c d "About Night Safari".
  2. ^ a b "WRS Yearbook 2018/2019" (PDF). Wildlife Reserves Singapore.
  3. ^ a b "About Night Safari".
  4. ^ "Fishing Cat Trail - Night Safari".
  5. ^ "Leopard Trail - Night Safari".
  6. ^ "Wallaby Trail - Night Safari".
  7. ^ "Singapore's first Tasmanian Devils debut in Night Safari".
  8. ^ Chevroulet, Nadia (18 November 2016). "Chawang crowned Night Safari's Animal Icon". The Straits Times.
  9. ^ "'Can't wait until it's too late': Wildlife Reserves Singapore ramps up breeding efforts for endangered species".
  10. ^ "African White Lion".
  11. ^ "Indian rhino brothers debut at Night Safari's new exhibit".
  12. ^ "Creatures of the Night Show - Night Safari".
  13. ^ Welcome to Singapore Tourism Awards 2008
  14. ^ Chew, Hui Min (9 March 2017). "New daily express bus from Khatib to Mandai wildlife parks". The Straits Times. Retrieved 9 March 2017.
  • Lin Xinyi, "Night Safari: From trailblazer to tourism icon", The Straits Times, 31 May 2007

External links[edit]