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Night VFR, or night visual flight rules (NVFR), are the rules under which a flight primarily by visual reference may be performed at night. NVFR rating is compulsory for all professional pilots. In EASA countries there are flowing requirements for passing NVFR rating training in ATO approved training organisation:
Total of 5 hours of VFR flying at night (NVFR)
- of which there are at least 3 hours flying on dual command with instructor,
- of which there are at least 5 take-offs and landings as full stop landings at night,
- of which there is at least 1 navigational flight by visual flight rules at night on dual command with instructor with a length of at least 50 km in duration of at least 1 hour (60 minutes) or more,
In many countries, VFR flight at night is not permitted, in which case night flying is by instrument flight rules (IFR) only which, in almost all countries, requires an instrument rating. Exceptions include Australia, New Zealand, Canada, Germany, Norway, Finland, France, Belgium, Luxembourg, Poland, Serbia, Spain, South Africa, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and the United States.
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