Night bus service
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A night bus service or owl service is a public transport bus service which operates through the nighttime hours. Many cities operate such services, either in addition to or in substitution for ordinary daytime bus services or rapid transit rail services which may shut for maintenance or due to lack of passenger volumes at night.
Twenty-four-hour rapid transit operation is practiced in some cities, which renders these services unneeded. Night bus service is generally much more limited in geographic coverage than daytime services, there are usually fewer lines and routes may run over entirely different paths to daytime services, or the night bus terminus may be in a different place. Some networks may run longer routes than daytime services, which may use interchanges to reach the same outlying districts. Night services usually also run less frequently.
The difference in services may be prefixed with an "N" for Night bus, or otherwise specially branded compared to the daytime services. Another common way of distinguishing them from their daily counterparts are dark-colored line numbers. Some night services may be provided by virtue of operating some routes as 24-hour services. Some cities apply a different night bus fare structure to the daytime services. Some services may allow users to alight at a requested place of stopping rather than at specific bus stops in deference to passenger concerns about safely walking long distances.
Because of much longer intervals than in daily services, night bus lines often offer guarantee transfers to other lines or transit modes (such as trams). To ease the planning many cities use a central hub where all lines converge at a specific time. This makes the line map of many night services look like a wheel with radial lines to the center and some additional lines connecting the outer ends (or running along a ring road outside of the city center).
- Bus services in Hong Kong and the Chicago Transit Authority use the prefix "N" to identify overnight bus routes.
- Night buses in London are after-hours versions of their daytime numerical equivalents, normally running the same route but with extensions at either end of the service. The route number is prefixed with an "N" to signify a night route.
- The night service is named Blue Night Network in Toronto, All Nighter in San Francisco, Noctilien in Paris,
- While certain bus routes such as the S, which has the highest ridership, run all night with no nominal distinction, exclusive nighttime Metrobus routes in Miami, Florida are known as OWL routes. An example is the 500 Midnight OWL that follows the Metrorail line from midnight to five a.m. when the metro is closed.
- See also the separate night bus network of Edinburgh Night Bus, First Greater Manchester Nightbus, Go North East Night Buses, Vancouver NightBus.
- Hamburg's night buses have numbers from 600 ->
- The London night bus was the inspiration for J. K. Rowling's Knight Bus.
- Chicago Surface Lines Owl Service was part of the inspiration for Carl Sandburg's "Old Woman" (1916). "The owl-car clatters along, dogged by the echo..." He also refers to Owl Service in "Blue Island Intersection" (1922). "The owl car blutters along in a sleep-walk." A further reference is found in "Nights Nothings Again" (1922). "A taxi whizzes by, an owl car clutters, passengers yawn reading street signs..." In "A Streetcar Named Desire" Act II Scene II (1947), Mitch tells Blanche how he'll get home: "I'll walk over to Bourbon and catch an owl-car."
- "Chicago Transit Authority - Night Owl Service - Summer 2011". Retrieved 2012-06-23.
- "NightRider - Metlink - Your guide to public transport in Melbourne and Victoria". www.metlinkmelbourne.com.au. Retrieved 2010-11-30.
- "Ridership Technical Report". Miami-Dade County. Retrieved 2012-01-16.