Nigori

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Nigori
Nigori sake
TypeSake
Country of originJapan
IntroducedPre-1800s, reintroduced 1966
Alcohol by volume10.0% - 20.0%
ColourCloudy white
Related productsSake, Makgeolli, Amazake

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Nigori or nigorizake (濁り酒) is a variety of sake, an alcoholic beverage produced from rice. Its name translates roughly to cloudy because of its appearance. It is about 12–17% alcohol by volume, averaging 15% with some as high as 20%[1].

Description[edit]

Sake is usually filtered to remove grain solids left behind after the fermentation process. Nigori sake is filtered using a broader mesh, resulting in the permeating of fine rice particles and a far cloudier drink.[2][3] Unfiltered sake is known as doburoku (どぶろく, but also 濁酒)[2][3] and was originally brewed across Japan by farming families. However, it was banned in the Meiji period, though it has since been revived as a local brewing tradition. The area around Mihara village in southern Shikoku is especially well-known for its doburoku breweries.

Commercial Reintroduction[edit]

Brewer Tokubee Masuda, of Kyoto-based Tsukino Katsura brewery, which began in 1675, looked to bring back hundred-year-old recipes and traditional production methods available to modernize their products[4]. Beginning in 1964[4] (or 1966[5]), Masuda began lobbying the Japanese government to relax sake production-laws in order to produce an unfiltered sake that would be cloudy and offer a visual component, similar to European wines.[5][4] The result was a sake that was cloudy, effervescent, unpasteurized, and slightly sweeter.[4] Author John Gauntner, discussing the production process that allowed nigori to be considered as sake, notes:

"What they did was create a cage-like device, an insert with holes in its walls that fit into a tank of sake. The sake that leaked through the  holes in the center of the insert was then drawn off and bottled. The government determined that as long as the holes in the mesh were no larger than 2 millimeters in diameter, the result of filtration using the cage could legally be considered sake. Hence, nigori was born as a genre of sake. Other breweries later followed suit, using their own contraptions."[5]

Gauntner also remarked that currently, most brewers no longer bother filtering out the sake, but will instead dilute the final product with filtered sake. Formerly, only water could be added to sake after fermenting, but current laws state that only water and sake can be added afterward.[5]

In 2010, a brewer from Akita Prefecture came up with a dark version of nigori sake, the color of which is due to the addition of edible finely powdered charcoal.[6]

Consumption[edit]

Nigori sake is generally the sweetest of all sake, with a fruity nose and a mild flavor, making a great drink to complement spicy foods or as a dessert wine. Before serving, the bottle is shaken properly to mix the sediment with the sake, to obtain the full range of flavor and its signature look. It is advised that it be served well-chilled, storing it in an ice bucket to keep it from warming up between servings. It is recommended, as with most sake, to consume the entire bottle once opened before it begins to oxidize, altering its flavor.

Nigori sake is more popular in the United States than in Japan, as are other less traditional varieties, which has led to an increase of American sake brewers.[7][8][9][10]


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Eats, Serious. "Sake School: All About Nigori, the Cloudy Sake". drinks.seriouseats.com. Retrieved 2019-02-08.
  2. ^ a b "濁り酒". 日本大百科全書 at kotobank.jp (in Japanese). Retrieved 2016-12-18.
  3. ^ a b "Seishu・Nihon-shu". Sake Glossary. The Society for Nada-Sake Research. Retrieved 2016-12-18.
  4. ^ a b c d "At a Kyoto sake brewer, the future is in the past". Nikkei Asian Review. Retrieved 2019-02-08.
  5. ^ a b c d Gauntner, John (2014-06-03). Sake Confidential: A Beyond-the-Basics Guide to Understanding, Tasting, Selection, and Enjoyment. Stone Bridge Press. ISBN 9781611720143.
  6. ^ "Sake brewer comes up with dark sake". Asahi Shimbun. 2010-07-01.
  7. ^ Gray, W. Blake; Writer, Chronicle Staff (2005-09-15). "A highly polished drink / Creamy and fragrant, daiginjos are the pinnacle of sake". SFGate. Retrieved 2019-02-08.
  8. ^ Nurin, Tara. "U.S. Sake Sales Soar As Brewers Around The World Defy Ancient Japanese Traditions". Forbes. Retrieved 2019-02-08.
  9. ^ Dunne, Mike. "Dunne on Wine: Sake grows in favor in the U.S." The Sacramento Bee. ISSN 0890-5738. Retrieved 2019-02-08.
  10. ^ "Strawberry Yeast, SF Sake and More: 3 New Trends in Sake You'll See More of in 2018". Food & Wine. Retrieved 2019-02-08.

External links[edit]