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Niguma is considered as one of most important and highly-appreciated yogini or Vajrayana teachers and dakini and the founder of the Shangpa Kagyu school of Tibetan Buddhism.


Only few facts are known about her life. She was born into a rich Brahmin family in Kashmir in the 10th century and according to different sources was the sister or consort of Naropa. It is said that her Buddhist realization originates directly from the buddha Vajradhara. Her main student was the Tibetan meditation master Khyungpo Nenjor (Wylie: khyung po rnal 'byor), who traveled to India to receive transmission of her teachings. Later on he became the founder of the Shangpa Kagyu lineage.

The famous architect and scholar Thang Tong Gyalpo was one of her students.[1]


  1. ^ TBRC Person P2778: thang stong rgyal po, Tibetan Buddhist Resource Center


  • (German) (English) Prenzel, Angelika (2007). Dakinis: Lebensgeschichten weiblicher Buddhas / Dakinis: Life Stories of the female Buddhas. Wuppertal, Germany. ISBN 9-783937-160139. 

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