Nihar Ranjan Gupta
|Nihar Ranjan Gupta
Nihar Ranjan Gupta
6 June 1911|
Jessore, Bengal, British India
|Died||20 February 1986
Kolkata, West Bengal, India
|Parent(s)||Satya Ranjan Gupta
Dr. Nihar Ranjan Gupta (Bengali: নীহাররঞ্জন গুপ্ত), pen name(ছদ্মনাম) 'Banbhatta'(বানভট্ট), (6 June 1911 – 20 February 1986) was an Indian dermatologist and a popular Bengali novelist. He is the creator of the fictional detective character Kiriti Roy. Some of his writings were made into films of Bengal and Bollywood.
Gupta came from a Kabiraj family of Itna village under Lohagara police station, in the district of Jessore, presently in the Narail district of Bangladesh. He was born to Satya Ranjan Gupta and Labangalata Devi on 6 June 1911, in Kolkata where his father used to work. He spent his childhood in Kolkata. Due to his father's transferable job, he had to attend several schools, including Gaibandha High School. In 1930 he passed Matriculation from Konnagar High School. After completing his I.Sc. from Krishnanagar College, he took admission to Carmichael Medical College. While a student at the college, his elder sister died of scorpion sting. Young Gupta vowed to earn higher degree in the medical sciences to serve the ill.
During the Second World War Gupta served as an army doctor and was posted to various places, including Chittagong, Burma and Egypt. After the war he completed post-graduate studies in the United Kingdom, specialising in dermatology. On his return he joined the Calcutta Medical College. In his career as a physician he was associated with several hospitals in India. After the Partition, his family permanently migrated to Kolkata in 1947.
As a child Gupta always dreamed of becoming a writer. He once went to Shantiniketan to seek the blessings of Rabindranath Tagore and took his autograph. At the age of eighteen he composed his first novel, Rajkumar. After schooling, Gupta took admission in the Calcutta Medical College, then affiliated with the University of Calcutta. During his stay in England he developed a keen interest in detective stories and met Agatha Christie. After coming back to India, he wrote his first detective novel, Kalo Bhramar [কালো ভ্রমর, meaning The Black Hornet], which launched his detective character Kiriti Roy [কিরীটী রায়]. In his literary career Gupta has composed over two hundred novels, plays, short stories and essays. The most popular among them are Ulka, Badshah, Lalubhulu, Uttarphalguni, Asti Bhagirathi Tire, Mayur Mahal, Devyani, Neeltara, Mayamriga, Komalgandhar and Nishipadma. Forty five of his novels have been made into Bengali and Hindi feature films in Tollywood and Bollywood respectively. He was also the editor of a children's magazine named Sabuj Sahitya.
In 1988, S.M. Sultan founded the Shishuswarga-2 at the ancestral house of Gupta in Itna. It was officially inaugurated on 24 November 1993, by the Mohammad Ali Hossain, the then District Magistrate of Narail. However, the activities of the children's organisation ceased after the death of S.M.Sultan. In 2003, the archaeological department of Bangladesh notified the acquisition of Gupta's ancestral house, but has not made any repairs till date. At present the ancestral house of Nihar Ranjan Gupta lies in a dilapidated condition, infested by bats and illegal betting syndicates.
- Meri Surat Teri Ankhen (1963) – Ulka
- Uttar Falguni (1963), Mamta (1966), directed by Asit Sen, both starring Suchitra Sen as the lead.
- Nai Roshni (1967)
- Do Anjaane (1976) – Ratrir Yatri
- Kiriti O Kalo Bhromor (2016)
- Kiriti Roy (2016)
- Ebong Kiriti (2017)
- Nilacholey Kiriti (2018)
- Sengupta, Subhodh Chandra; Basu, Anjali, eds. (January 2002). "নীহাররঞ্জন গুপ্ত" [Nihar Ranjan Gupta]. Samsad Bangali Charitabhidhan (Bibliographical Dictionary) (in Bengali). Volume 2 (4th ed.). Kolkata: Shishu Sahitya Samsad. p. 168. ISBN 81-85626-65-0.
- "Kolkatar Kadcha". Anandabazar Patrika. 27 June 2011. p. 4.
- Bipul, Mohammad Hasanuzzaman; Shanta, Samiul Amin. "নীহার রঞ্জন গুপ্ত". Jessore.Info. Retrieved 10 September 2011.
- "নড়াইলে সুলতানের শিশুস্বর্গ এখন জুয়াড়িদের আখড়া". News Bangla 24. 3 September 2010. Retrieved 10 September 2011.
- "Nihar Ranjan Gupta's birth anniversary observed". The Daily Star. 8 June 2009. Retrieved 10 September 2011.
- "Meri Surat Teri Ankhen (1963)". The Hindu. Retrieved 29 April 2013.
- "Blast From The Past: Mamta (1966)". The Hindu. 2 April 2010. Retrieved 29 April 2013.
- "Rekha breaks her silence". The Hindu. 8 October 2010. Retrieved 29 April 2013.